After record cold days and Winter storm In Texas, where power grids have been destroyed and water has been frozen, millions of people are now told to boil water for safety.
Other families have no tap water. 20-year-old Valerie Contreras, who lives in Austin, Texas, had to evacuate with his little son at a nearby home during the storm. She said her family was melting snow in a bucket to flush the toilet and boiling snow water to wash the dishes.
She uses bottled purified water for her son’s milk powder, up to the last two gallons.
Family members are struggling to overcome dangerous situations as bad weather disrupts critical services. So I asked an expert for tips on how to be safe. Even if you haven’t lost your drinking water or electricity yet, some of this advice can help you plan ahead in the event of a similar emergency.So Climate change acceleratesUnexpected weather events can disrupt more power grids and put people at risk of losing power.
A weather crisis combined with a pandemic can “feel pretty desperate and endless,” said Dr. David J. Schoenfeld. Director of the National Center for School Crisis and Bereavement at the Los Angeles Children’s Hospital. “Your goal is to identify the current situation, understand what is most important at this point, and be able to address that one issue.”
Keep warm and plan your exit
In the event of a power outage, there are several precautions you can take to prevent heat loss, such as placing a rolled towel at the base of the outer door or filling the crevices under the door with rags. You can also keep the heat inside by closing the curtains and blinds. National Weather Service..
service Also advice Residents added, “Move all activities to the main room and close the remaining internal doors to retain heat,” adding that people layer loose, lightweight, warm clothing and have an extra layer of clothing at hand. I added that I need to prepare for.
Christina Divirgilio, 36, from Spring, a suburb of Houston, Texas, put her five- and eleven-month-old sons together in gloves, a hat, and a robe in an undershirt and fleece pajamas.
“They were kept pretty warm for the most part,” she said.
Her youngest was sleeping in a portable crib in Devil Girio’s walk-in closet. This turned out to be the warmest place in the house. Also, because I had batteries stored before the storm, I was able to keep the electric fireplace running for a whole week to keep the temperature of my apartment below 48 degrees Fahrenheit.
If you have a wood-burning fireplace, you can start a fire if you clean and inspect the chimney every year.American Pediatric Society Recommended Take the flashlight and make sure the damper or flue is open. This causes smoke to come out of the house.
However, it may not be safe to stay at home if it is very cold, especially if you have small children who are more prone to heat loss than adults. Fortunately, you can evacuate with family and friends, stay at a hotel, or rent a nearby house to escape in the heat.
Contreras and his 13-month-old son drove to their parents’ house immediately because the apartment was so cold. Liquid dishwashing liquid froze into a hard mass, snow blew under the door, and ice crystallized on the floor. Eventually, the thermostat in her living room stopped functioning and displayed only the letter “Lo”.
“We couldn’t stand the cold anymore. It was terrible,” she said. “You could literally see your breath in my apartment.”
Ideally, if you are with someone you do not normally live with, everyone over the age of 2 should wear a mask and eat in a separate room if possible, and pediatrics and Dr. Karl Baum, a professor of emergency medicine, said at Yale University School of Medicine, a member of the executive committee of the APA’s Council on Children and Disasters.
“You don’t want to be the next Superspreader event,” he said.
Beware of carbon monoxide poisoning
Hundreds of people in Houston used barbecue pits and portable generators indoors to cause carbon monoxide poisoning when frigid weather struck Texas this week.Houston Chronicle Report on Tuesday.. Most of the cases were children.
Fuel-powered portable generators are often used to provide electricity and heat to a home during a power outage, but improper use can be dangerous.
The· Federal Emergency Management Agency It says to put these generators outdoors, away from windows, keep them dry, ground them properly, and never plug them into wall outlets or main electrical panels.
Do not use it indoors, as other fossil fuel-powered outdoor appliances, such as camping stoves, can also emit carbon monoxide.
Cars still in the garage, malfunctioning gas stoves, gas dryers, and fuel-fired furnaces can all emit dangerous levels of carbon monoxide.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and PreventionThe most common symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, dizziness, malaise, upset stomach, vomiting, chest pain and confusion.
When carbon monoxide gas reaches deadly levels, it does not smell or be visible.according to Texas Poison Center NetworkIt is important to have a carbon monoxide detector in your home as it is considered the leading cause of death from poisoning in the United States.
Avoid contaminated water and protect pipes
As of Friday morning, more than 14 million people in 160 counties in Texas are facing water disruptions, according to a Texas Environmental Quality Commission spokeswoman.
If your community is under boiling water recommendations CDC says you should Use bottled water or boiling tap water for families and pets as the water in the area may be contaminated.
It is not enough to pour water through a filtered pitcher or faucet attachment. Tap water should be boiled completely for at least 1 minute.If you live According to the CDC, if the altitude is above 6,500 feet, boil the water for 3 minutes and then let it cool.
Also, if you have an appliance such as a refrigerator connected to a water pipe, do not use the water or ice it produces while the boiling water advisory is in effect.
Instead of washing the dishes, you may consider using disposable dishes, cups, and utensils. According to the CDC, household dishwashers can be safely used if the water reaches a final rinse temperature of at least 150 degrees Celsius, or if the dishwasher has a disinfection cycle.
If you don’t have a dishwasher, you can wash and rinse the dishes as you normally would. The CDC then recommends immersing the rinsed dish in another basin containing a teaspoon of unscented household liquid bleach for every gallon of warm water. Allow the dish to air dry completely before using it again.
Babies who drink infant formula should be given ready-to-use infant formula if possible.If none is available, try looking for a bottle of water Labeled deionization, purification, desalting or distillation..
When the boiling water order is lifted, residents will be asked to flush the water supply pipes to clean the potentially contaminated water pipes.
If you are a homeowner, you can take steps to protect your pipes from freezing.The· American Red Cross If your garage has a water line, keep the garage doors closed, open the kitchen and bathroom cabinets to allow warm air to circulate around the plumbing, and let cold water drip from the faucet. I recommend it. You can also consider attaching insulation such as a “pipe sleeve” to the exposed water pipe.
If there is little or no water coming out of the faucet, the pipe may be frozen or damaged. In that case, Recommended by experts Turn off the main water supply to the house to prevent flooding when the temperature rises or the power returns.
Prepare for potential difficulties in getting food
Ideally, if you know that winter weather is approaching, you should have your grocery store in stock in advance. But what if the weather surprises you? Or do you go out regularly for a pandemic?
When a power outage occurred earlier this week, 45-year-old Andrew Flynn immediately booked a hotel for his wife and two children in Austin, Texas, but then the hotel ran out of food.
“I spent three hours driving through central Austin yesterday, but every grocery store had a long line,” he said on Tuesday.
He finally visited a gas station and bought fresh food such as ramen and rice so that his family could cook with a slow cooker.
His children, nine and twelve, “did not love it,” he said. But he added, allowing them to have candies and potato chips after their “pot and pot mixture” provided some incentives.
If your child is cold and moody and you can’t give them comfortable food, at some point you need to level with them in a calm but direct way.
“Sorry, I don’t have my favorite food or even my favorite food at the moment, but I have to eat it,” Dr. Schonfeld suggested. “Or find something you can eat even if you’re not particularly healthy.”
However, not everyone has the ability to drive in search of a car or food. Find out if hunger relief organizations and food banks are providing food to the local people and how it is distributed. Your friends may be able to afford it.
The 75-year-old Rollins Gililand, who lives in Dallas, had a power outage for three days, but the gas stove was still functioning and he was busy making vegetable soup for his neighbors, including a large family living next door. It was.
“My survival mechanism during this time was to do what we could,” he said.
His neighbor also helped him. When the power came back, he discovered that the heater had turned off, so one of his neighbors drove more than 50 miles to get replacement parts and help with the installation. The heater works again and he no longer wears lined boots and a layer of fleece indoors. “I’m very excited now that things are in control here,” he said on Friday. “I wish we all collectively recognized that we were together.”
How to overcome extreme weather and raise a family
Source link How to overcome extreme weather and raise a family