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Iran’s new hardline president, who plays a vital role in nuclear negotiations

Ebrahim, Iran’s president-elect, is a list of individuals that Tehran wants to remove from the U.S. sanctions list as Iranian diplomats resume talks with Western officials to revive the abused nuclear agreement. The name Raishi will stand out.

60-year-old hard-line judge, Won Friday’s presidential election In Iran, two years ago, the Trump administration recognized a close relationship with Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. As the new president of Iran, Raisi played a vital role in determining the fate of the 2015 multinational agreement.

His leader, Khamenei, supports the talks as part of an effort to free Iran’s economy from US sanctions. At an election debate that aired earlier this month, Raishi said his administration was ” [nuclear deal] As an agreement approved by the Supreme Leader. “

However, Mr. Raishi is expected to agree to impose restrictions, Iran’s Nuclear Development Plan, He is considered a more confrontational enemy to the West than his predecessor, the current President Hassan Rouhani. Analysts expect Mr Raishi to further resist US efforts to reduce Iran’s military activity in the Middle East.

Anisebasiri Tabrigi, Senior Research Fellow, Royal United Services Institute, based in London, said: “But in terms of a broader attitude towards the West, Raishi does not intend to make the same kind of commitment that Rouhani made regarding cooperation and involvement.”

After weeks of talks, European and US officials have made slow progress towards a revival of trading in 2015. For some who were involved in the Vienna debate, Tehran will reinstate the Accord with hundreds of US sanctions against human rights abusers (including Mr. Raisi).

Officials are in talks this month in Vienna to revive the 2015 international nuclear deal.


Photo:

Lisa Roy Toner / Associated Press

Iran’s head of nuclear negotiations, Abbas Alach, told state television on Sunday that the two countries were “closer to an agreement than ever before,” but the agreement was not easy to reach.

Some Western diplomats who attended the talks said the parties could conclude negotiations before Mr Raishi took office in early August. That way, Iranian conservatives can blame the previous administration for any of the shortcomings of the deal, while enjoying the economic and political benefits of sanctions relief.

The United States, along with Iran, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia and China, helped create a nuclear deal in 2015 to prevent Tehran from acquiring nuclear weapons.President

Donald Trump

Not enough to withdraw from the agreement in May 2018, constrain Iran’s nuclear program (some provisions expired after 10 or 15 years), or curb military activity in the region Said that. He also imposed sanctions on Iran and the hosts of Iran’s leaders, including his inner circle, including Khamenei and Raishi.

Western officials say Iran continues to demand that the Biden administration cannot accept it in negotiations to revive the deal. These include US reparations for withdrawing transactions and support the resurgence of international investment and business transactions that collapsed or did not materialize after the United States imposed sanctions.

US diplomats are also sifting sanctions on dozens of high-ranking Iranian officials. Some of them have been accused of suppressing domestic objections by violent means and extrajudicial killings. As a high-ranking judiciary, Raishi has been accused of overseeing violent crackdowns on protesters in 2009 and 2019 and the arrest of activists, lawyers and journalists. Raisi has not publicly commented on the claim.

If US sanctions continue to be implemented, Mr. Raisi will be the first Iranian president to be sanctioned by the United States during his tenure.

Raishi is seen as a more confrontational enemy to the West than his predecessor.


Photo:

The Wall Street Journal Maryam Rahmanian

He won the election on Friday, mainly because of his historically low turnout, as millions of unconservative voters were at home in protest. Election results reveal deep political divisions in Iran, while also strengthening conservative control over Iran’s president, parliament, military and judicial systems.

Mehrzad Boroujerdi, Director of the Faculty of Public and International Affairs, Virginia Tech, said: “This will allow Khamenei to sail more smoothly.”

For the past decade, Khamenei has appointed Raishi to a senior position in Iran’s judicial system and has recently led a strong judiciary in Iran. However, senior clergy lack experience in foreign policy and provide only vague statements about international affairs.

Instead, Mr. Raisi’s foreign policy is likely to be shaped by those around him: ministers, advisers, and especially Mr. Khamenei.

“Final decision on whether to return to [multilateral nuclear] Jake Sullivan, White House National Security Adviser, told ABC News “this week” on Sunday.

Iran’s Supreme Leader advocates a nationwide “resistance economy” that does not rely on investment from Western companies.Earlier this year, Iran Signed a 25-year economic and security partnership With Beijing. The partnership agreement included China’s investment in projects ranging from nuclear and port to military technology transfer and investment in Iran’s oil and gas industry.

Mr. Raisi’s political rise has warned Israel, the enemy of the region of Iran, a close ally of the United States. Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett said in the first cabinet meeting of the new government on Sunday that Mr. Raisi’s election should serve as a “sign to awaken the world’s great powers” before returning to Iran’s nuclear deal. “What is clear to all of us is that the hangman’s administration must not own weapons of mass destruction,” Bennett said.

Iran has a peaceful nuclear program, Accuse Israel of targeting it with a secret attack.. Israel has not commented on this claim, but has stated that it will act alone to thwart Iran’s nuclear program.

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Since Mr. Trump withdrew from the agreement, Tehran has gradually revived its nuclear program. Nuclear fuel is stored in excess of 3.5 metric tons, which is 15 times the limit of the agreement. Iran has also begun uranium enrichment with the highest level of purity in history, 60%. It far exceeds the 3.67% limit set by the nuclear agreement, but still falls short of 90% of the weapons grade.

The United States and Europe are concerned that the longer the negotiations, the more irreversible Iran’s course will be. As the program progresses, Iranian engineers and scientists will also gain the expertise to reduce the time it takes for Iran to develop nuclear weapons.

As part of the agreement in Vienna, the United States and its European partners hope that Iran will commit to future negotiations for a broader security agreement. This limits ballistics and community activities in the community. Iran has so far refused, and Western diplomats are concerned that Mr Raishi’s elections could make it even more difficult to push Iran into those debates.

Iran says it is not trying to make nuclear weapons, but its main facilities suggest that it can develop technology to make nuclear weapons. The WSJ will destroy Tehran’s capabilities to reach new milestones in uranium enrichment and limit access to inspectors.Photo Illustration: George Downs

Write to Sune Engel Rasmussen at sune.rasmussen@wsj.com And Lauren Snowman laurence.norman@wsj.com

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Iran’s new hardline president, who plays a vital role in nuclear negotiations

Source link Iran’s new hardline president, who plays a vital role in nuclear negotiations

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