Is the Covid-19 pandemic due to increased MLB injuries? | MLB

BAzeball is a grind. Of the major professional sports in the United States, MLB has the longest season, with 162 games in the regular season. Last year, the coronavirus pandemic shortened the 2020 season, but it seemed like a good thing for many. This is expected to increase the rest period and reduce injuries. However, the opposite seems to have happened. Already, just months into the 2021 season, the list of injuries has grown.statistics Shows a 30% increase in injuries so farThe usual suspects, such as UCL elbow injuries and ACL knee injuries, have emerged as expected, but the overwhelming increase is in “sprains” and “sprains.”

Tension and sprain often refer to muscles and tendons. UCL and ACL refer to ligaments. This anatomical difference is important. Ligaments are like small ropes that hold bones together. UCL helps stabilize the medial elbow joint during pitching. ACL stabilizes the knee joint and provides amputation and rotation. Muscle, on the other hand, is a flesh-like structure made of fibers that can be torn if stretched or pulled too far apart. This can happen even at the microscopic level. Tendons are muscles that change as they attach to and move bones. These can also be stretched or torn. Stretched or partially torn muscles and tendons are not always surgically repairable and can take a long time to heal.

Baseball is mainly a one-sided sport. This means that you are doing a specific activity on only one side of your body with a heavy load. For example, throwing puts a load on only one arm. The blow has a unique effect on the other side of the body. Pitch count is Tommy John’s elbow surgery And their roots are in the prevention of overuse injuries. Unfortunately, it does not take into account warm-up pitch and practice throws, so there are inherent limitations in the calculation. Currently, some trainers are beginning to consider whether the same rules apply to batting. Can the player swing the bat too much?

Muscles also differ from ligaments in that they have a static structure. It cannot be as warm as muscle. Prevention of ligament damage tends to focus on limiting stress throughout the ligament. The dynamics of the body play a major role in this. That’s why many teams are considering pitcher motion analysis video capture. You can calculate the stress on different joints based on your body position and acceleration. However, prevention of muscle damage may be more important to the performance cycle and proper warm-up than to the maximum load of the entire static structural ligament. Due to changes in rules and schedules, combined with the interruption and start of the 2020 season, some athletes may have lost a highly sharpened rhythm, which can lead to physical distress despite long periods of rest. It may not have been properly warmed up for the current season’s workload.

A recent study of muscle tension in the lower limbs of Japanese baseball players Orthopedic Journal of Sports Medicine.. In this study, researchers examined 55 muscle tensions in professional baseball teams between 2006 and 2015. They also examined an MRI of the athlete’s injury. 60% of muscle injuries were located in the hamstrings. Of the injuries investigated, MRI predicted how long the athlete had been withdrawn. Low-grade strains took four to five weeks to return to play, but high-grade injured athletes. It took me 10 weeks to get back.

In 2012, researchers published a study that looked back on the abdominal tensions of Major League Baseball from 1991 to 2010. At that time, abdominal muscle tension accounted for 5% of all baseball injuries on the disabled list. These muscles appear more active on both the leading side of the pitcher’s pitching movement and on both sides of the batter’s torso movement. At least 92% of these injuries were due to oblique or intercostal muscle tone. Forty-four percent of the injured were pitchers. Nevertheless, the authors warn that there was an increasing trend from 1991 to 2010, especially with early-season injuries in March and April. Twelve percent of these players fight re-injuries to the same muscle, and more than half (55%) experience re-injuries during the same season. The overall injury rate was also 22% higher in the 2000s than in the 1990s.

Areas that prevent muscle tension damage have traditionally focused on flexibility, fatigue, core stability, and strength. The concept of flexibility is taught in physical education classes from an early age. In actual sports research, there is a contradiction in preventing muscle tension based on flexibility, but the difference focuses on pre-season muscle flexibility. Fatigue is endurance. It has a lot to do with it. Too little time spent building energy storage in the body can lead to premature fatigue. But the reverse can also be true. Overworking and overtraining can lead to diminishing returns and premature muscle fatigue.

Stability refers to core stability and whole-body activity, especially for pitchers. The term “kinetic chain” was used to mean that force was generated from the beginning, through the legs, core muscles, torso, and finally out of the arms. Like boxers, much of the thrower’s power actually comes from the legs and hips. Finally, strength is a central principle of any athlete’s training routine, but one aspect that is sometimes ignored is eccentric exercise.

Most weightlifting focuses on squeezing muscles to shorten them and bringing bones closer together (think biceps curls), but to prevent injuries, use quirky exercise. May be more important. This happens when the muscle fibers are activated, but the muscles stretch and the weight slowly separates from the body. This recreates muscle-based stabilization and slowing scenarios such as slow follow-through, pull-up when dashing towards the ball, and trailing side stability during a swing.

Traditionally, baseball injuries increased early in the season, but injury rates usually level off and reach their lowest levels by September. Abdominal injury rate in 2015 MLB Players appeared to have started to decline since 2011. But at the same time, minor league players’ abdominal injury rates were on the rise. Minor league players have a more structured schedule than major league players. Tend to have. Perhaps the recent increase in abdominal injuries reflects irregular schedules and training that Major League Baseball players are unfamiliar with. When organizations and players are able to return to their pre-pandemic everyday life, they will probably be healthier, as many others in the world want.

Jonathan Gelber MD is a surgeon and expert in sports medicine.He is the author of Tiger Woods Back and Tommy John Elbow: Career, Sport, Social Injuries and Tragedy

Is the Covid-19 pandemic due to increased MLB injuries? | MLB

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