〇F ALL THE Mario Draghi’s appointment to the Cabinet was probably the least anticipated was the appointment of his Ecosystem Transition Minister, Roberto Singorani. Singorani, a physicist and former director of science at the Italian Institute of Technology, has been appointed to the government from a senior position in the defense industry, which is a strange background for eco-warriors.
Cingolani has taught courses on sustainability, but anyway, his new brief explanation touches on so many different aspects of science that no one can be an expert on all of them. I argue that I can’t. The mission of his ministry is certainly vast. Draghi is responsible for overseeing the allocation and spending of the largest chunk of € 235 billion ($ 285 billion) that he plans to devote to his post-pandemic recovery. EU, But with considerable replenishment from Italy’s own resources. The Ministry of Ecology Transition is responsible for processing approximately 70 billion euros, or nearly 30% of it.And Italy will get more than any other country EU The country of the European Commission, there should be room for it to play a decisive role in supporting EU Achieve the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% from 1990 levels by 2030.
So how is an eco-transition plan shaped? It will take at least another month for the committee to pronounce. But there is an environmentalist verdict — and it’s terrible. Green Recovery Tracker, a project launched by two Germans NGOs evaluate EU According to member plans, it is estimated that only 16% of the total Italy expects from the Commission will help slow down climate change. This is the lowest share of any large recipient (although at least unlike France and Germany, Italy does not propose a German scheme. NGOI think s actually makes things worse).
On June 4, a group of more than 200 Italian individuals and groups, including especially moderates such as the Italian Meteorological Society, announced legal proceedings against the government, claiming that the government did not meet its obligations to future generations. Did. Now that the former Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has settled an internal dispute that prevented him from becoming leader, there could be further pressure from within the coalition government from the ecology-oriented Five Star Movement.
Draghi’s minister had only 11 weeks to revise the previous administration’s reconstruction plans. Cingolani states that his strategy was to use the new plan to elicit “low-carbon outcomes.” A major element of his program is an extension of the “super bonus” introduced by the previous administration, which allows 110% of the cost of work to increase energy efficiency in the country to be set against taxes. I will. Running the program by the end of 2022 for individual heads and by mid-2023 for social housing associations will cost around € 14 billion. This is almost one-fifth of the allocation to the Italian Green Project.
Singorani said he would have personally supported a less generous tax cut. But he adds: “Italy has a lot of old buildings, so [augment the] Energy efficiency of the house. In a statement on April 30, a group of major Italian environmental groups blamed the fact that the government’s proposal did nothing to make the factory more energy efficient. In 2018, homes and offices accounted for almost one-fifth of Italy’s greenhouse gas emissions, but the industry accounted for more.
On the supply side, Cingolani states that his approach is to “elect everything that can be electrified.” Many are beyond his authority. Other ministers will oversee, for example, the expected spending of € 13.2 billion on the new high-speed rail link. However, Cingolani has a great responsibility for changing driving habits in a country with a proportionally higher number of cars than anywhere else. EU Luxembourg (663 per 1,000 people, 574 in Germany, 482 in France). In Italy, one in ten trips is by public transport. Cingolani wants to spend more than € 7 billion on new, cleaner mass transit systems and abolish old diesel buses and trains. However, he has been criticized for allocating one-tenth of that total to creating a network of charging points for electric vehicles. “We will need more,” he agrees. “But supply and demand need to grow together.”
By then, Italy will need approximately 70 gigawatts of renewable energy generation capacity to reach its 2030 target.That means adding 8GWow Year. The current rate is one tenth of that. Draghi’s government has introduced legislation to simplify the bureaucracy that trapped previous energy projects. But in doing so, it raised other concerns.
First, the simplification removes the checks needed to prevent damage or intrusion by the Mafia. Second, without detailed scrutiny, projects could be approved that would damage Italy’s spectacular landscape, destroy its horizon at wind farms, and choke the valley floor with solar panels. Singorani says he is determined to move what he can do abroad. But he adds: “There is no such thing as a free lunch. You have to find a compromise. You can’t say” no “to everything. ” ■
This article was published in the printed European section under the heading “How Green is My Draghi?”.
Italy faces challenging challenges regarding climate change
Source link Italy faces challenging challenges regarding climate change