Due to widespread Republican opposition to the two major voting bills, some Democrats and activists have said that Congress is either this year, despite some state legislatures enacting restrictive voting measures. I am afraid that the bill cannot be passed.
Later this month, the Senate It is set to adopt S. 1 or For the People Act. Vast but controversial voting and election reform bills. The Democratic Party has a very thin majority of 50 seats in the Senate, and most bills require 60 votes to proceed, so it’s unlikely that the bill will already be passed.Democratic Senator Joe Manchin also on Sunday He disagrees with it, Drive another nail into the legislative casket.
But Manchin Do you support another voting right bill?, Not yet introduced in this parliamentary session — Congressman John Lewis’s Rights Promotion Act is named after a late member and a symbol of civil rights.
The bill, also known as HR 4, restores the main provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which was withdrawn by the Supreme Court in 2013. This clause required a specific jurisdiction with a history of racism in voting in order to receive approval, known as pre-approval. , From the federal government before changing voting rules.
The Voting Rights Act has established a formula for determining the areas covered in Section 5. This required certain jurisdictions to submit changes to the Department of Justice or a committee of federal judges for approval. The law was re-approved in 2006, but the formula for determining which jurisdictions are subject to pre-approval has not been significantly updated.
The Supreme Court has broken the formula for the Shelby County v. Holder decision. This is a 5 to 4 decision divided along the idealism. Lawmakers “reproduced the formula based on the facts of 40 years ago and have no logical relationship with the present,” Judge John Roberts wrote in his decision.
“When Congress divides a state, it needs to identify those jurisdictions on a meaningful basis in the light of the current situation. You can’t just rely on the past,” Roberts wrote. .. “Our country has changed. There is too much racism in voting, but Congress needs to ensure the laws it passes to remedy the problem that the problem speaks to the current situation. . “
The High Court did not strike Article 5, but it is completely unenforceable without a formula to determine which jurisdiction is subject to pre-approval.
Federal Trade Commission on Civil Rights Release report In 2018, several states were “ new” following Shelby County vs. holders’ decisions, including polling place closures, early voting restrictions, removal of voter rosters, and stricter voter ID legislation. It turns out that we have enacted a “restrictive state-wide voter law.”
Proponents say it is even more important now to pass both the People’s Law and the John Lewis Voting Rights Act because of the recent efforts of Republican-led states to enact more restrictive voting measures. Insist. As of mid-May, the legislature has enacted at least 22 bills in 14 states, limiting voting. Brennan Center for JusticeVoting changes in several states, including Georgia, Arizona, and Florida, have already signed the bill, which is reviewing Texas elections. Temporarily stopped..
The John Lewis Voting Rights Act seeks to create a new formula for determining how jurisdictions are subject to pre-approval. However, the bill is constitutionally airtight and needs to provide evidence that certain jurisdictions have adopted practices that specifically discriminate against minority voters.
Ah Bill version Introduced by Democrat Terri Sewell in 2019 and passed in the House of Representatives, it stalled in the Senate and was subsequently dominated by the Republican Party. If there have been more than 15 voting violations in the state over the last 25 years, the state should have been pre-approved for 10 years. Political jurisdictions are subject to 10 years of pre-approval in the event of three or more voting infringements in the last 25 years.
Some Democrats have suggested focusing on the John Lewis Voting Rights Act rather than the Voting Rights Act, as they are likely to get Republican support. Republican Senator Lisa Murkowski was the first co-sponsor of the bill when it was introduced in 2019 and is expected to support it again.
However, in a letter to a Democratic colleague on Tuesday, Chairman Nancy Pelosi said, “HR 4 must be passed, but not ready until the fall, and it is not.” John Lewis shattered hopes of giving priority to the Voting Rights Act. An alternative to HR1 with reference to the house number in People’s Law.
“When we pass HR4, we must pass in a constitutionally ironclad way, which is what Congressman Butterfield and the House Judiciary Committee are currently working on.” Federal Elections ..
The Butterfield Subcommittee conducts field hearings to gather evidence of discriminatory practices shared with the judicial committee that marks up the bill. He said in an interview with CBS News that he hopes his subcommittee will complete the work and provide “thousands of pages” of evidence by the end of June.
“We have evidence of ongoing widespread discrimination in many states across the country,” Butterfield said. He added that voting restrictions enacted in several states across the country “had a devastating effect on democracy.” He said both John Lewis voting rights law and people’s law had to be passed, “each achieving different results.”
Georgia’s Democratic Senator Raphael Warnock told reporters Tuesday that prioritizing John Lewis’s voting rights law over people’s law was a “wrong choice.”
“I’m glad that the John Lewis bill was named in his honor, but I want to make it clear that John Lewis has fought for the provisions of People’s Law for the past decade,” Warnock said. Said. “It’s not either or a suggestion. We have to go through John Lewis to protect our voting rights. We have People’s Law to provide some basic criteria for elections. Must pass through. “
Like the People’s Law, the John Lewis Voting Rights Act is unlikely to pass the Senate. It is very unlikely that the other nine Republicans will join all Democrats to support the bill. Senate minority leader Mitch McConnell came out against the bill on Tuesday, showing that the bill is very unlikely to win enough Republican support.
“There is no threat to voting rights law,” McConnell told reporters, arguing that John Lewis’s voting rights law would give the Justice Department excessive power over the state. “I don’t think it’s necessary.”
Some progressives inside and outside the parliament have promoted the elimination of filibuster. This allows legislation to proceed with a simple majority instead of 60 votes. However, ending the filibuster requires support from all 50 Democrats, and Manchin emphasized that he would never agree to do so.
Manchin is not alone on his contrary. He and Senator Kyrsten Sinema are the loudest opponents of eliminating filibuster, but other Democrats have personally expressed concern about ending the practice as well.
Democrats have no choice but to continue to put pressure on Republicans, as filibusters are likely to continue. “At this point, there’s no reason to believe that more than 10 Republicans will join 50 Democrats,” Butterfield said in support of the bill, but still gaining support in the same way. I was hoping that I could do it. The re-approval of the Voting Rights Act of 2006 did.
Butterfield said he hopes the HR 4 will be brought to the house floor, passed by the end of September, and considered by the Senate by October.
“I truly believe that there are more than 10 Republicans who understand the urgency of updating the Voting Rights Act,” Butterfield said.
John Lewis’s voting rights bill faces a dark future in the Senate after McConnell considers it “unnecessary”
Source link John Lewis’s voting rights bill faces a dark future in the Senate after McConnell considers it “unnecessary”