Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system and the fifth planet from the Sun. The gas giant features a layer of beautiful striped clouds. A set of thin and dusty rings. The famous Great Red Spot. And dozens of different satellites.
How did Jupiter give it that name?
As the fourth brightest celestial body in the Earth’s sky — after Sun, Moon When Venus — Jupiter has been known for a long time. The name of our modern planet comes from Jupiter, the king of Roman gods.
For the ancient Greeks, Jupiter was known as Faeton, meaning “burning star,” but the Babylonians called the giant planet Marduk, the guardian deity of the city of Babylon. Other ancient names on Jupiter include Brihaspati (Sanskrit), Tsedek (Hebrew), Multiplexing (Mandarin for “Jupiter”), and Mustari (Arabic). According to Nine Planet..
What is Jupiter made of?
Jupiter is 2.5 times larger than all other planets. Solar system Combined and composed mainly of hydrogen and helium, According to the European Southern Observatory.. The gas giant is 88,846 miles (142,984 kilometers) in diameter, 11 times wider than the Earth. According to NASA..
According to the agency, Jupiter has no real surface. A planet is nothing more than a swirling mixture of gas flowing through three different layers at its outermost edge. The area is thought to span about 44 miles (71 km), with the top layer probably made of ammonia ice, the middle layer possibly made of ammonium hydrosulfide crystals, and the innermost layer water ice. And may be made of steam.
The bright striped color found on the outer surface of Jupiter could be a plume of gas containing sulfur and phosphorus rising from the warmer interior of the planet. The planet rotates so fast that it completes the day within 10 hours, so its outside air is divided into long bands of bright and dark areas, like the extreme version. EarthJet stream.
Jupiter’s atmospheric storms can last for years and can extend 60 miles (100 km) inside.The famous Great Red Spot is a single storm that lasted at least 300 years, and data from NASA’s Juno probe suggests that the storm is a storm. Go down about 300 miles (480 km) About 40 times deeper in the planet’s atmosphere or in the Mariana Trench on Earth.
Great Red Spot was seen Eat other little storms, And scientists believe that when a particular cyclone hits the spot, its speed increases and, in some cases, its lifespan increases.Near the South Pole of Jupiter, astronomers Dramatic hexagonal storm About the size of Texas surrounded by the other six swirling swirls.
According to Juno data, Jupiter’s jet stream can reach a depth of about 2,000 miles. According to NASA.. In the deeper atmosphere, increased pressure and temperature compress hydrogen gas into a liquid. In other words, Jupiter has the largest ocean in our solar system and is made of hydrogen rather than water. According to NASA..
Near the middle of the center of the gas giant, the internal pressure becomes so great that electrons are pushed out of the parent hydrogen atom to produce a superconducting metal that is thought to drive Jupiter’s huge magnetic field. The planet may have a central core of solid material, or a rich, dense “soup” made primarily of iron and silicon, which can reach approximately 90,000 degrees Fahrenheit (50,000 degrees Celsius). I have.
How far is Jupiter from the Sun?
According to NASA, Jupiter orbits an average of 484 million miles (778 million km) from the Sun. A year on Jupiter lasts 11.86 Earth Years.
The planet has the shortest day in the solar system and lasts a refreshing 9.93 hours. Unlike the Earth’s obliquity angle of 23 degrees, its central axis is tilted only 3 degrees. In other words, Jupiter has little seasonal variation throughout the year.
Did humans explore Jupiter?
One of the first to observe Jupiter in detail was the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei, who saw the planet with a telescope in 1610 and saw its four largest moons. According to NASA.. In modern times, humans have launched many spacecraft that have passed and orbited gas giants.
According to Live Science’s sister sites, Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft, launched in March 1972 and April 1973, study the asteroid belt, pass through Jupiter, and relate to its powerful radiation zone. We gathered information and took some early photos. Space.com..
A more striking image is that Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft had to wait until they left Earth in 1977 and reached Jupiter in 1979, capturing amazing observations of giant planets. .. The robot discovered the presence of Jupiter’s faint, dusty ring system, its lunar Io and some previously unknown lunar volcanic activity.
NASA has launched a dedicated Jupiter mission called Galileo. This mission arrived in December 1995 and began orbiting a huge planet. Galileo investigated Io and Jupiter’s A Moon of Ice Europe in detail, released a probe that fell into Jupiter’s atmosphere, and obtained data such as temperature. Planetary wind speed and pressure.
The agency’s latest dedicated Jupiter spacecraft, called Juno, has been in orbit since July 2016. Juno travels through the polar regions of the planet every 53.5 days to conduct research. Its crazy and powerful magnetosphere Especially bright aurora since then.
NASA is building a probe called the Europa Clipper to study the icy moon and its underground ocean. This is what many scientists believe could be a potential home for life. According to NASA.. In addition, the European Space Agency’s Jupiter Ice and Moon Explorer (JUICE) mission will explore Europe and two other large Jupiter satellites, Ganimede and Callisto.
How many satellites does Jupiter have?
Jupiter currently has 53 satellites with names, and 26 more are waiting for their official names. According to NASA.. Jupiter’s largest moon, GanymedeIs the largest moon in our solar system and is larger than Mercury.
Other Galileo satellites, named after their discoverers, are also huge worlds with their own interesting surprises. Callisto is one of the most heavily crated objects in our solar system, and there may be a sea of liquid under a thick ice shell. Europe has similar ice and sea structures, but its frozen shells are much thinner, so they are recycled more often and play less craters. The brightly colored Io is the most active body of volcanic activity in the solar system.
Is there life on Jupiter?
Astronomer and science communicator Carl Sagan once speculated that helium gas could be used to float jellyfish-like creatures in Jupiter’s atmosphere, but today most researchers are huge. I don’t expect much creatures to fly over the gas. According to nature..
NASA has announced that Jupiter’s Moon Europa, which is covered with ice shells surrounding a huge liquid water, Most likely place to find extraterrestrial life In the solar system.Europe may have Huge ice spikes But on its surface, it potentially makes landing in the frozen world difficult.
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Jupiter: King of the Planet
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