The launch of NASA Lucy took place on October 16, 2021, with the spacecraft flying 445 million miles from Earth. asteroid It orbits the sun in two groups — one before Jupiter, And one back, according to NASA.. They are called Troy’s Jupiter asteroids and spacecraft have never visited them.
These asteroid clusters Sun For billions of years, NASA’s pre-mission tests have shown that it is probably made from the same ancient material that first formed a planet like Jupiter. Neptune When Saturn.. In lunar terms, they are simple, but time capsules that can give humanity some incredible insights into the birth of the solar system and the formation of life.
What is NASA Lucy’s mission plan?
According to NASA, the very long distance of NASA Lucy’s mission means it’s a long journey. The probe will pass through Earth on October 15, 2022 and use the planet’s gravitational pull at several different stages, allowing it to fly towards a cluster of Trojan horses.
Lucy arrives in the asteroid belt of the solar system in April 2025 and analyzes seven different Troya asteroids between 2027 and 2033. And in March 2033, Lucy’s mission ends. But Lucy doesn’t stop there – it will continue its solar orbit for millions of years.
NASA first mobilized Lucy in 2015 and was officially selected as a viable mission in 2017. The first design was approved in 2018 and began assembly and testing in August 2020. The last NASA Lucy spacecraft has arrived. Kennedy Space Center According to NASA, in Florida in July 2021 prior to the fall launch period. Lucy mission web page..
Lucy may seem strangely named for the Space Mission, but it is named after a fossilized skeleton called Lucy, which was discovered in Ethiopia in 1974. The fossil is about 3 million years old and has taught us many new things about human evolution. , according to Arizona State University.. Therefore, it is a suitable name for a space mission that NASA hopes to lead to similar discoveries from interstellar fossils.
What does the NASA Lucy spacecraft test?
The NASA Lucy spacecraft will pass through seven Troya asteroids and perform remote tests within its range of advanced equipment. NASA plans to examine the surface geology of each asteroid and check their age, structure, and shape.Other tools include minerals, ice, and each asteroid. Organic materialAccording to NASA’s Lucy Mission web page.
Other tools measure the mass and density of each asteroid and also map their internal structure.
NASA doesn’t completely know what Lucy will find — after all, nothing so far. However, missions provide important information about the formation of our solar system, and this kind of exploration is an important part of scientific discovery.
Gravity Pull: Explore Lucy’s Orbit
The NASA Lucy spacecraft uses solar energy to power deep space, which orbits the Earth. Mars According to NASA’s Lucy Mission web page, the Sun and the Sun rely on gravity to begin their journey out of space.
Lucy’s first task is to orbit the Sun, and by October 2022 it will rush back towards Earth and get a gravity-assisted boost to speed up the spacecraft. This velocity will allow Lucy to orbit around Mars for two years before returning to Earth in 2024 for the help of gravity.
It is this second asteroid that propels Lucy towards and beyond the major asteroid belts of the solar system towards the first cluster of Jupiter’s asteroids in Troy. Looping around them, Lucy returns to Earth for a third gravity boost, which pushes the spacecraft in the opposite direction towards a second group of Trojan horse satellites.
Lucy mission target
Target 1: (52246) Donald Johanson
Lucy’s smallest target is not in the Trojan horse cluster, but in the major asteroid belts of the solar system. It’s 130 million years old, and NASA will use this asteroid to test Lucy’s equipment.Scheduled flyby date: April 20, 2025
Target 2: (3548) Eurybates
NASA believes that this asteroid shares the same material as some meteorites on Earth, and Eurybates has its own satellite, allowing Lucy to study two asteroids on the same visit.Scheduled flight date: August 12, 2027
Target 3: (15094) Polymele
This is Lucy’s smallest goal, at a diameter of 21 km. NASA believes that it is rich in organic matter and worth researching to gain insight into how life was formed in our solar system.Scheduled flight date: September 15, 2027
Target 4: (11351) Leucus
This slow-rotating asteroid has days that last 446 hours, which means that it has large temperature changes. Therefore, NASA can know the load on the internal material. Estimated flyby date: 04/18/2028
Target 5: (21900) Orth
Since this asteroid resembles Leucus, NASA hopes that tests at Aurus will reveal more about similar organic and carbon-based materials found here. Estimated flyby date: 11/11/2028
Target 6: (617) Patroclus and Menoetius
These large paired asteroids are believed to have survived from the early days of the solar system, and NASA believes they will provide information on how the planets were formed.Scheduled flight date: March 3, 2033
Lucy Mission: NASA Asteroid Explorer
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