Long Beach, California 2021-06-18 15:10:11 –
The port of San Pedro Bay is thriving with flora and fauna, despite sharing space with the country’s largest port facility.
A 2018 Biological Survey Released in April, it identified more than 1,000 species inhabiting ports around Long Beach and the ports of Los Angeles. This is the highest biodiversity recorded in over 20 years.
Among the animals observed in the area were 104 species of fish, 87 species of birds and 5 species of marine mammals. Nine species of fish normally associated with areas such as coral reefs were first observed in the harbor by biologists.
According to the report, the presence of horn sharks, sheepsheads, horn sharks and moray eels indicates that shallow-structured habitats such as breakwaters provide areas for fish growth, feeding and prosperity.
Matt Arms, Assistant Director of Environmental Planning at the Port of Long Beach, said: “The increasing number of pollution-sensitive species indicates that the port is healthy.”
According to Arms, kelp coverage in the summer of 2018 was more than double that of previous studies, and eelgrass was found at a deeper depth than before. Both are essential for the prosperity of marine life.
Of the 10 most abundant bird species observed in the 2013 and 2018 surveys, the brown pelican, the elegant tern, and the double-crested corona are listed or listed as endangered or endangered. It is proposed to be done. According to the report, the presence of these birds indicates that port facilities provide important foraging and roosting opportunities.
Since the introduction of the Port Clean Air Action Plan in 2006, the focus has been on air quality in relation to port operations. But in the 1990s, the port launched a healthy harbor program focused on water quality, Arms said.
“It may not be at the forefront of the news right now … but it doesn’t make it that important,” Arms said. “Work is ongoing, but we still have the staff and resources to devote ourselves to this.”
In 2009, both ports adopted the Water Resources Action Plan, which outlines additional programs to improve the quality of water and sediments in the ports. The port water program includes the development of stormwater treatment and pretreatment techniques to keep pollution and debris out of the port.
In addition, the port implements best practices for all operators, ensuring a good housekeeping protocol that keeps debris in the dock out of the water, Arms said.
“We are in the lower reaches of Los Angeles, one of the most urbanized and industrialized basins,” said Arms. “It was a source of many pollution that calmed down and stayed.”
According to Arms, laws such as the Clean Water Act and permit programs such as the EPA’s National Pollutant Emissions and Elimination System have a significant impact on the amount of pollutants flowing into ports via the LA River. He added that reducing pollution benefits not only ports, but also surface waters and bodies of water across the country.
According to Arms, container ships using the port are strictly regulated. We have created a guidance document explaining what the port should and should not do to ensure that shippers comply with regulations related to the unloading of vessels. In addition, the port connects ships to terrestrial power, which can stop the engine at berth and reduce water particulate matter pollution.
“These particles come down to the surface of the water, into the water column, then into sediments, and into the entire ecosystem,” Arms said. “The more we can reduce these emissions, the less we can get into the ocean.”
The harbor conducts biological research every five years, but like the endless task of painting the Golden Gate Bridge, Arms said the next process is already underway. Defining the scope of the investigation, preparing the contract, and signing-everything that must be done before the actual investigation is already in place, Arms said.
“”[Improving water quality] That’s right and part of our commitment to becoming an environmental manager. “The arm said. “Every year, this was the most exciting survey I’ve ever done. I’m looking forward to better results in the next one.”