A woman in Maryland suffered a rare bacterial infection from her aquarium, according to a new report.
Disease called MelioidosisIs usually found only in tropical regions other than the United States, and when an incident occurs in the United States, it most often occurs in people who have traveled to other countries. The Maryland Incident Occurred in 2019 and Described in a Report Published September 27 of the Journal Emerging infectious diseasesHer case, which is unusual because the woman has never traveled outside the United States, is also the first in the world to be connected to a home aquarium, the author said.
However, cases of such travel-related melioidosis are becoming more common. In August, US health officials announced that they were investigating four cases of melioidosis that occurred in 2021 and were not tied to travel. Live science previously reported.. The cause of these incidents has not yet been identified, but authorities suspect that it may be due to imported products such as food, beverages, personal care products and cleaning products. The Maryland proceedings do not appear to be related to the 2021 cluster.
Melioidosis is caused by bacteria Burkholderia pseudomalleiAccording to, it grows in a tropical climate and is most commonly found in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).. People can get infected by contact with contaminated soil or water, especially if they have cuts on their skin, the report said. People can also get sick by drinking contaminated water and inhaling contaminated dust and water droplets.
The disease can cause a variety of symptoms, depending on where the infection occurs in the body.Symptoms lung Infections include cough, chest pain, and high fever. Symptoms of skin infections include swelling and abscesses. According to the CDC, symptoms of bloodstream infections include headache, abdominal pain, and disorientation.Not all people infected with the bacterium experience symptoms, but those who develop it can have a serious illness with a case fatality rate of 10% to 50%, according to a 2019 paper in the journal. Lancet infection.. (Two of the four US melioidosis cases died in 2021.) Specific medical conditions, including: Diabetes mellitus When liver According to the CDC, illness can increase a person’s risk of infection.
A 56-year-old Maryland woman with a history of diabetes was first hospitalized in September 2019 with fever, cough, and chest pain. pneumonia..A few days later, further tests revealed that she was infected. B. Burkholderia pseudomale..
She started taking an antibiotic called meropenem, which is recommended for the treatment of melioidosis. Eleven days later, she was well discharged. However, three weeks later, she was still taking antibiotics, but her infection recurred. She was hospitalized for another week and was given a second antibiotic. Overall, it took 12 weeks of continuous antibiotics to get rid of her infection.
To determine where her infection came from, health officials took samples from inside and around the woman’s home, including samples from her two freshwater aquariums. Samples from one aquarium were positive B. Burkholderia pseudomale, And the bacterial strain in the tank was genetically consistent with that infecting the patient.
The woman reported purchasing several types of tropical fish, including aquariums, aquarium supplies, and cherry barbs (Puntius Tittaya) And a flashy tail guppy (Poecilia reticulata), July 2019.
She also reported that she put her bare hands and arms into the tank while cleaning the tank.
Authorities then investigated pet shops where women bought fish and traders who imported fish. B. Burkholderia pseudomale pollution..
“These vendors may distribute freshwater animals and aquatic plants to pet store retailers across the United States to identify potential sources of adoption. B. Burkholderia pseudomale Living in the supply chain is essential to public health, “the authors wrote in the report.
As a result of the incident, the CDC now includes questions about aquarium and tropical fish ownership in the questionnaire used to investigate cases of melioidosis. Gizmodo..
The incident “really broadened our understanding of how bacteria can move across national borders through imported products, and has now identified this new route of exposure that can raise awareness of this risk,” the study said. Lead author Patrick Dawson said. An epidemiologist at the CDC’s Department of Science told Gizmodo.
The CDC generally recommends washing your hands before and after cleaning the aquarium and feeding the fish to reduce the risk of getting sick from the fish. According to the agency, people also need to wear gloves to cover the cuts on their hands while cleaning the aquarium or handling fish.
Originally published in Live Science.
Maryland Women Get Rare Tropical Bacterial Infectious Diseases From Aquarium
Source link Maryland Women Get Rare Tropical Bacterial Infectious Diseases From Aquarium