An ancient Hebrew document, created over 1,000 years ago and hidden in Cairo, Dead Sea Scrolls..
Scroll scholars have found why so many mysterious manuscript fragments (more than 15,000 fragments of more than 900 original documents) are hidden in the caves around Qumran on the hills of the Judaian Desert, just west of the Dead Sea. I was wondering if it was done. Israel, Seems to be far from the main settlements.
The ruins themselves near Qumran show a similar mystery. For example, why are there so many pantry with over 1000 pottery storage containers and hundreds of bowls, plates and cups? However, in the excavation survey, did few people live there? What was the purpose of the large outdoor terrace called “Southern Esplanade” in Qumran, and why is it walled from a nearby cemetery? And why were so many ceremonial baths in Qumran, or “miqva’ot”, so big?
Now, according to research, Qumran is actually the site of a large annual ceremony of Essenes mysterious Judaism, whose members gather from urban and rural communities throughout Israel and are important known as renewal contracts. I observed a ritual. The unique structure of Qumran reflects the function of this ritual, as researchers suggest. The Dead Sea Scrolls fragment also refers to festivals that appear to refer to the same Essenes gathering, researchers said.
According to new theory, many of the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves may have been written by the Essenes community across the country and brought to Qumran during the annual festival where they were studied and stored.
“National rally in Sivan [the third month of the Jewish calendar, which falls inMay or June] “All this applies to the ruins of the ruins,” Daniel Vanstab, an archaeologist at the University of Negev Ben Gurion, told Live Science.
Dead Sea gathering
The new study was published online in the journal at the end of July religion, Vainstub claims that Qumran was the location of this annual rally, based on a version of the rules of the religious community contained in the Damascus Document or what is called the Damascus Code.
The Damascus Document was so named after numerous references to Syrian cities, probably because Damascus was once ruled by King David of Israel, but was copied from early Hebrew sources around the 10th century AD. it was done. A storeroom adjacent to the Jewish synagogue in Fustat. It was the original Arabian capital of Egypt and eventually became the southern district of Cairo.
Jewish religious law prohibits the destruction of texts containing the name of God, even by accident, and documents from the Jewish community in Cairo should be prepared, at least until officially buried. Finally stored in Genizah.
As a result, Cairo Geniza has accumulated writings for centuries.And in the 1890s, a scholar at the University of Cambridge Solomon Schechter visited the site He found a pile of hundreds of thousands of ancient manuscripts containing Hebrew religious texts. We also found works in several languages related to art, literature, philosophy and science.
The most complete version of the Damascus document was found in Genizah, and since then its fragments have been found in the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves.
And, according to Vainstub, the version from Genizah in Cairo contains a more complete description of the ritual mentioned in the previously misunderstood fragment of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Cairo Geniza explained that Qumran was the place where Shavuot holidays meet annually in the month of Shebang, where they were observed to show the renewal of the covenant with the Jewish god.
“I argue that the Damascus Document contains bylaws or rules governing annual meetings,” Vainstub told Live Science by email. “No one was aware of this in front of me.”
The problematic part of the Damascus document refers to the Torah (the first five volumes of the Hebrew Scriptures), which says: [the inhabitants] Gather in the third month of the camp and curse those who deviate to the right. [or to the left from the] The law. “
Vainstub suggests that “camps” were scattered Essenes religious groups throughout Israel, often not only as isolated rural communities, but also within major cities. He argues that this passage shows that the rally took place at a particular time, and that people from different places were called to gather in one place.
Previously discovered archaeological evidence suggests that the ancient complex of Qumran would have supported members of a relatively small number of denominations for most of the year, but the new text suggests that it is. It suggests that it swelled to accommodate hundreds of people at the annual rally.
“Dozens of permanent residents of Qumran … had to accept an ever-growing number of hundreds of people to the site once a year,” Vainstub wrote in a study. “The location of the facilities, caves and surface of Qumran is consistent with the evidence of the annual rally coming out of the scroll.”
Pilgrims who stayed in Qumran for only a few days did not need to be detained on a regular basis, Vainstub wrote. Instead, they may have slept outdoors or in one of the many caves in the area. For example, a cave where the first fragment of the Dead Sea Scrolls was found in 1947.
Vainstub’s proposal explains why Qumran’s public buildings, such as tableware and pantry filled with storage containers, were large enough to serve thousands of people. No evidence of this has been found so far. He claims that the adjacent Southern Promenade was an outdoor dining area that had to be walled from a nearby cemetery to maintain religious purity. His theory also explains the size of the numerous ritual baths in the area, which was an essential part of Jewish worship at the time.
The idea that the Essenes gathered in Qumran once a year may explain the location of the scrolls, as members of the sect may have left their religious books there in the cave where they slept. Wrote Vainstub. “My theory is also consistent with the fact that the scrolls were not necessarily derived from Qumran, but were taken from all over the country to the cave and left in the cave for decades.”
Originally published in Live Science.
Medieval Hebrew documents may reveal why the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in Qumran
Source link Medieval Hebrew documents may reveal why the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in Qumran