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Mental and Mediterranean diets were correlated with the subsequent onset of Parkinson’s disease

A new study by UBC researchers suggests that there is a strong correlation between following MIND and the Mediterranean diet and the subsequent onset of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Researchers have long known the neuroprotective effects of the MIND diet on diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, but this study suggests a link between this diet and Parkinson’s disease (PD) brain health. This is the first study.

The MIND diet is a combination of two very popular diets, the Mediterranean diet and the aspects of the Diet (DASH) diet to stop high blood pressure.

“This study shows that when the dietary patterns of people with Parkinson’s disease are closely matched to the Mediterranean diet, the age of onset is significantly later. The difference shown in this study is the largest in women. Seventeen years later, eight years later in men, “said Dr. Zirkeappel Creswell, Department of Neurology, Pacific Parkinson’s Disease Research Center, Dojava Domowafagian Brain Health Center, UBC School of Medicine. “There is a shortage of drugs to prevent or delay Parkinson’s disease, but we are optimistic that this new evidence suggests that nutrition can delay the onset of the disease.”

In a study of 176 participants, researchers found these types characterized by reduced meat intake and a focus on vegetables, fruits, whole grains, healthy fats, and age of PD onset. I checked the adherence to my diet. They found that adherence to these diets was consistent with the subsequent onset of PD in women up to 17.4 years, and 8.4 years in men. The MIND diet had a greater impact on women’s health, while the Mediterranean diet affected men. The differences between these two diets are subtle, but they can serve as clues to the effects of certain foods and micronutrients on brain health.

The various effects of gender on dietary compliance are noteworthy, as approximately 60% of people diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease are male.

“Understanding the gender differences between the MIND and Mediterranean diets may help us better understand the gender differences that cause Parkinson’s disease in the first place,” said Avril Metcal, a PhD student at the Michael Smith Institute at the UBC. Fellow said.

The results of these findings provide a starting point for other research questions that may have a significant impact on the understanding of PD.

“It promotes the connection between the intestines and the brain of the disease,” says Dr. Brett Finley, a professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, microbiology and immunology at the UBC. “It also shows that a healthy diet can affect not only one illness, but some of these cognitive illnesses.”

The research team plans to further investigate the potential relationship between the microbiome and its effects on the brain.

“A healthy diet has many benefits,” says Metcalfe-Roach. “Keeping the microbiota healthy and trying to eat a wide variety of plant-based foods and other health foods is in the best interests of everyone. This study is what we already know: Eat a healthy diet and take care of yourself. “

Source:

University of British Columbia

Journal reference:

Metcalfe-Roach, A. , et al. (2021) Mental and Mediterranean diet associated with the subsequent development of Parkinson’s disease. Movement disorders. doi.org/10.1002/mds.28464.

Mental and Mediterranean diets were correlated with the subsequent onset of Parkinson’s disease

Source link Mental and Mediterranean diets were correlated with the subsequent onset of Parkinson’s disease

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