Rare cases of monkeypox virus occur in Europe and the United States and spread locally rather than due to travel to countries where smallpox-related viruses are endemic, primarily Central and West Africa. It suggests that you are doing it.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is investigating possible cases in the United States, including cases identified in men in Massachusetts. In a statement, a representative of the CDC said, “CDC cautions patients with rash disease that is consistent with monkeypox, regardless of whether they have a monkeypox trip or specific risk factors, gender or sexual orientation. We are asking US healthcare providers to pay. “
After about 100 cases have been identified across Europe, the World Health Organization has announced that it will hold an emergency meeting on Friday (May 20) to discuss the outbreak. Reuters reported.. According to Reuters, the fear of another pandemic is high, but we do not expect monkeypox to reach such levels of infection. The virus is not as easy to spread as SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
This is what we have ever known about monkeypox and its current outbreak.
What is monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a monkeypox virus (genus) Orthopox virus). According to the virus, it is closely associated with other “pox” viruses such as vaccinia, major and minor variola that causes smallpox, and cowpox virus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Monkeypox was first identified in monkey colonies in 1958, and then reconfirmed in 1970 in humans in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. According to the CDC, monkeypox outbreaks subsequently occurred in various parts of Central and West Africa.
Is monkeypox deadly?
According to the World Health Organization, monkeypox usually resolves and runs its own course over a period of two to four weeks. However, serious cases can occur, and today, about 3% to 6% of people infected with the disease die from the disease, WHO said. The risk of infant death is high. Smallpox vaccination helps protect people from the onset of monkeypox, but even individuals under the age of 40-50 have been discontinued at different times in different countries after the eradication of monkeypox. May be more vulnerable to monkeypox.
Current cases of monkeypox appear to be genetically associated with subspecies predominantly in West Africa, with low case fatality rates, with case fatality rates in these remote areas of approximately 1%. Nature News reported..
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
Like many viruses, monkeypox begins with fever, chills, malaise, muscle aches, and headaches, but CDC also causes swelling of the lymph nodes. Within 1 to 3 days after the onset of fever, a person may develop a rash that begins on the face and spreads throughout the body. The rash progresses through several stages before it disappears. First, spots, or light brown spots, appear throughout the body. Next, the so-called papules, which are raised bumps, appear. The rash then turns into vesicles and pustules, which look like pus-filled acne. Finally, these scabs fall and fall off. According to the CDC, the disease usually takes two to four weeks to resolve.
How does monkeypox spread?
Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease. That is, it usually spills on humans from animal reservoirs. (The host of the major animal is unknown, but it may contain rodent or primate species. WHO.. The virus can also spread among people through sustained close contact. According to WHO, its close contact can occur through any of the contaminants such as skin lesions, respiratory droplets, body fluids, or bedding. Monkeypox is much less contagious than SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. However, scientists are now investigating the genomes of some of these new cases of monkeypox to see if there are mutations that may increase transmission, Nature News reported. ..
Can monkeypox be treated?
Treatments have not been tested and have not been shown to be safe and effective, but doctors have taken antiviral drugs and Wuxinia immunoglobulin (from pooled blood of people immunized with the smallpox vaccine). There are many options available for treating infections, such as antibodies that have been used. , According to the CDC. Smallpox and monkeypox vaccines can be used to prevent the transmission of the disease to others. “Ring vaccination” strategy.. In that system, close contact with the first case is vaccinated with a smallpox vaccine to prevent subsequent infections, Live Science previously reported. This strategy ultimately led to the eradication of smallpox in 1980.
Where was monkeypox detected?
so far, 100 cases have been reported worldwide, The majority of cases occur in Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom. There are also some cases associated with outbreaks near Montreal, Canada. One occurred in New York City and the other in Massachusetts. The New York Times reported.. Cases have also been reported in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and Australia. Most cases are men aged 30-55 years who have sex with men. According to the Washington Post..
What if you think you have monkeypox?
Contact your healthcare provider for treatment and contact tracing if you suspect you have monkeypox, especially if you fall into one of the following categories: According to the CDC:
-You have traveled to Central Africa or West Africa, the European region reporting monkeypox, or other regions with confirmed cases in the month before the onset of symptoms.
-I have contacted someone who has been identified or suspected of having monkeypox.
— You are a man who has a close relationship with other men on a regular basis.
Andrea McCollum, a CDC poxvirus epidemiologist, said, “If an individual is ill, they often get sick for two to four weeks. There is an urgent need to identify, receive treatment, and contact information early. There is. ” Atlantic..
Originally published in Live Science..
Monkeypox Outbreak: Here’s everything you need to know
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