Fresno, California 2022-05-24 05:08:52 –
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are one confirmed case of monkeypox and four suspicious cases in the United States.
“We can report that some of the high-risk contacts of some early-stage patients were requested to release the Jynneos vaccine from the national stockpile, which is why it is currently active.” , Said Dr. Jennifer McKistton. The director of the High-Results Pathogens and Pathology Department within the CDC’s National Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases and Zoonoties said Monday.
McKistton said the United States has a “rich inventory” of vaccines in case it may need to use doses for smallpox.
In the United States, a double-dose Jynneos vaccine is licensed to prevent smallpox, especially monkeypox.
“Currently, over 1,000 doses are available, and we expect that level to rise very rapidly in the coming weeks as the company offers more doses,” McQuiston said.
Another smallpox vaccine that can be used to prevent monkeypox, ACAM2000, has been approved in the United States and has more than 100 million doses in the country.
“ACAM2000 is an older generation smallpox vaccine with some potential serious side effects, so the decision to use it widely will require serious discussion behind it,” McKistton said. Stated.
Overall, “we want to maximize the distribution of vaccines to those who are known to benefit from them,” she said. “These are known monkeypox patients, health care workers, people who have experienced very close personal contact, and people who may be at high risk of particularly serious illness.”
The CDC states that the confirmed cases of monkeypox in the United States are men in Massachusetts, and the four cases of Orthopox are men in New York, Florida, and Utah. Orthopox generally refers to the poxvirus.
Healthcare providers should assume that these cases of smallpox are monkeypox, McKistton said.
“Additional cases are likely to be reported in the United States,” she said.
McQuiston said the CDC expects to receive samples from four suspected cases “today or tomorrow” for further analysis. Labs within the CDC’s Laboratory Response Network can test for orthopoxviruses. Confirmation of monkeypox is then specifically performed at the agency through a PCR test that takes “hours” to run.
“I was able to do a confirmatory PCR test for monkeypox probably the same day the CDC got the sample. I’ve actually seen a few days of recovery since the suspicious patient was seen by a doctor. It is possible to obtain the LRN test results in the initial state. “
The CDC sequence of the sample of cases confirmed in Massachusetts was performed “very quickly”, and within 48 hours, researchers were able to confirm that it was exactly the same as that of the Portuguese case.
“This process used to take up to two weeks, but since public sharing of such early sequence data is important for all countries and we all believe we can be better, 2 I was able to post within a day. Understand how the virus is spreading around the world. “
Monkeypox does not spread by sexual intercourse itself, but it can spread by contact during sexual intercourse, said Dr. John Brooks, Chief Medical Officer for HIV Prevention at the CDC.
“Monkeypox is not a sexually transmitted disease in the typical sense, but it can be transmitted by sexual and intimate content, as well as by personal contact and sharing of bedding and clothing,” Brooks said. Said on Monday.
Although monkeypox can develop or spread in anyone, a “notable proportion” of recent global outbreaks is occurring among gay and bisexual men.
“Currently, some groups may be more likely to be exposed, but there is never a current risk of monkeypox exposure only to the gay and bisexual communities in the United States,” Brooks said. “Anyone, anyone can grow [and] Although the monkeypox infection was widespread … many of the people affected by the current global outbreak have been identified as gay and bisexual men. “
According to Brooks, the CDC has decided to hold a press conference about the outbreak, as LGBTQ Pride Month usually begins on Memorial Day weekends. Authorities wanted to make sure the community was aware of the situation. He also urged doctors to be aware of the disease, as it can look like other types of sexually transmitted diseases.
He said the rash “appears on a different part of the body than we normally see.”
“In some cases, there are lesions of the anus and genitals that look like other illnesses such as herpes, chickenpox, and syphilis. Therefore, if you have a rash or lesion around your genitals, anus, or elsewhere, this It will be a place you have never seen before, and it will be fully evaluated not only for its rash, but especially for both sexually transmitted diseases and other illnesses that can cause rashes, “he said. ..
“What we are trying to do by paying attention to the fact that some of these cases show symptoms of the genitals and perineum is for the evaluation of what people consider to be sexually transmitted diseases. Just to remind people that they may come, we want the provider to think, “Is it okay to have monkeypox?” If the situation fits the story. “
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Monkeypox: US in process of releasing vaccine from national stockpile for ‘high-risk’ people, CDC says Source link Monkeypox: US in process of releasing vaccine from national stockpile for ‘high-risk’ people, CDC says