Physical changes in a pregnant woman have received a lot of attention, but the emotional changes she experiences are not taken into account. Pregnancy can be an exciting time, but it can also be very stressful and cause emotional uplifting. In addition to physical health, the mother’s mental and mental health is also important.
Relation: Changes in the body during pregnancy
Dr. Mary Kimmel, assistant professor and co-director of the Perinatal Psychiatry Program at the University of North Carolina, said: Chapel Hill School of Medicine. She advised women to recognize their thoughts and feelings, talk about these feelings, and find a place to work through them.
Here are seven common emotions a woman may experience before and after her baby is born.
Pregnancy can cause a roller coaster of emotions, whether it is described as mood swings, irritability, or junk.
2019 review published in the journal Women’s Mental Health Archive We have found a high frequency of mood instability among pregnant and postnatal women.
“Pregnancy is the cornerstone of a woman’s life transition, and human emotions can fluctuate during any transition,” Kimmel told Live Science. She said that some women’s emotions do not change much when expected, but it is not uncommon to have mood swings, especially in the early and late stages of pregnancy.
According to Kimmel, it’s not entirely clear why these mood swings occur. Because there are many changes in a woman’s body, all of which are related to her emotions.
One reason may be changes in hormone levels. “Some women are sensitive to change estrogen, Others are affected by elevated levels of progesterone or stress hormones, “Kimmel said.
Fear and anxiety
At the biological level, both anxiety and fear systems in the brain increase during pregnancy.
By the end of pregnancy, women may be afraid to feel pain during labor or worry that something goes wrong during childbirth. “There are many things women can’t control during pregnancy,” Kimmel said, and this uncertainty can fuel horrifying thoughts.
Fear and anxiety are normal emotions, and people have them for reasons, Kimmel said. During pregnancy, these emotions help ensure that a woman keeps her baby safe, cared for, and protected after childbirth. But women need to be aware of when fear is stuck in their heads or whether they can deal with it, Kimmel said.
Women who became pregnant or gave birth during the COVID-19 pandemic had increased levels of fear and anxiety, a 2021 study reported in the journal. Medicina ClínicaThe study also found that nearly 15% of women experienced symptoms of postpartum depression after giving birth during a pandemic.
Relation: What is mental health?
Women who have had anxiety in the past are at increased risk of anxiety during pregnancy due to increased stress, Kimmel said.
Studies show that pregnant mothers’ anxiety can affect their babies. According to a 2013 study, babies born to mothers who became anxious during pregnancy had a weaker immune response to the vaccine by 6 months of age compared to babies whose mothers were relaxed. Previously reported live science..
2020 study published in the journal Brain and behavior 70 Iranian women Practice of mindfulnessI reduced my mother’s anxiety by spending time in meditation and the moment. The authors of the study recommended that healthcare providers pay attention to prenatal programs to reduce mothers’ anxiety.
Mental fog and occasional amnesia that can cause a woman to misplace her key or lose her cell phone are sometimes referred to as the “pregnant brain” or “baby’s brain.” (These same symptoms are called “mama’s brain” or “mamanesia” after childbirth.)
As is often the case, studies of memory and other cognitive changes in pregnancy and early maternity have shown mixed results. Some studies suggest that prenatal and postnatal vague thoughts and forgetfulness may be the result of hormonal fluctuations, especially high levels of progesterone. Sleep deprivation and the stress of adapting to major life transitions can also be the cause.
2016 study published in the journal Nature Pregnancy alters the structure of a woman’s brain, and these changes last for at least two years after giving birth, and scientists have found that MRI of the brain can determine if a woman is pregnant or has recently given birth. ..Is gray matter In their brains, they have shrunk as well as the hippocampus, an area related to memory that is essential for processing information.But the researchers Couldn’t explain They may influence parental decision-making in later life, but exactly what their findings imply.
With all that is happening in the pregnant woman’s body and all the thoughts that run through her mind, it makes sense that the woman may not remember some things, Kimmel said. It was. However, Kimmel suggested that another reason for oblivion could be that women are changing the priorities of things and performing more multitasking.
Some pregnant women may suddenly cry or weep after vomiting for morning sickness.
According to Kimmel, women can cry more easily and often because of the complex mixture of emotions when they are expecting or in the early stages of their new motherhood. Sometimes tears are the way our emotions come out, she explained. Fluctuating hormone levels can also contribute to crying spells.
If a woman is crying a lot and it doesn’t seem to give up, it could be a symptomatology of depressionAccording to, it can affect about 7% of pregnant women Mayo ClinicDepression during and after pregnancy is a serious condition that has health consequences for mothers and babies. Doctors recommend that you seek help if you think a woman may be depressed.
Negative body image
During the second and third semesters, as the baby’s bulge becomes more noticeable and she gains weight, she may be dissatisfied with her body and its appearance, which may affect her self-esteem. not. Some pregnant women are surprised and shining at the rapidly changing body, while others are worried about gaining weight and recovering after childbirth.
Relation: Birth: Pregnancy stage
According to Kimmel, these changes in a woman’s appearance, shape, and perceived attractiveness can lead to complex emotional combinations.To deal with some of these Body image concernsShe said, pregnant women must accept that they are pregnant and that their bodies are changing as a result.
“Fat talk”, in which women and others make derogatory comments about the pregnant body, can be harmful.2020 study of physical dissatisfaction during pregnancy Affect Disorder Journal, Fat Talk has been found to affect how individual women feel about physical changes and emotional states during pregnancy. “The result is that women face socio-cultural pressures on leanness and physical dissatisfaction even during pregnancy, and engaging in fat talk during pregnancy is for women’s mental health, especially for young women. It suggests that it is harmful, “the author wrote.
There is contradictory evidence as to whether the “nesting instinct” actually occurs during pregnancy, Kimmel said.
Studies show that towards the end of pregnancy, the brain’s reward system rises in preparation for the baby’s arrival, which helps make parenting a rewarding experience. This may strengthen the parent’s nesting instinct.
There are also social activities and maternity preparations, such as taking a baby shower, protecting babies at home, and decorating a nursery, all of which can contribute to the urge to “nest”. Some women may feel a strong urge to cook, clean, and organize during the third semester as a way to be mentally prepared for the changes that new babies bring and feel more in control of the situation. ..However, a 2020 review published in the journal Women’s Studies International ForumHe argued that “nesting” was a response to gender stereotypes and was associated with the social pressures mothers face during pregnancy.
It used to be thought that high levels of estrogen could prevent depression and other mental illnesses by becoming pregnant, but scientists now know that this is not the case. Pregnant women are more likely to be depressed than women who have no babies. Canadian Pediatric Society..
2019 study published in the journal Obstetrics and gynecology Between 2000 and 2015, we found that the rate of depression in women hospitalized during pregnancy increased seven-fold. According to a 2020 review published in the journal, women in low-income countries are at increased risk of developing postpartum depression. Pro Swan..
Depression in both prenatal and postnatal mothers also has concrete consequences for the baby.2016 study published in the journal Translational psychiatry Adults whose mothers were depressed during pregnancy were found to have significantly higher levels of C-reactive protein, which indicates inflammatory disease.In addition, the 2018 study Pro Swan Babies born to mothers who suffer from depression and loneliness during pregnancy have been found to be at increased risk of respiratory infections.
Depression can occur at any time during pregnancy.Parent-child support charity NCT If a pregnant woman suffers from some or all of these symptoms, it suggests seeking help.
- Cannot concentrate
- Abnormal and consistent concerns about childbirth and parent-child relationships
- Loss of interest in yourself or your pregnancy.
- Feeling emotionally isolated, empty, weeping, angry, or frustrated
- Chronic anxiety
- I’m not interested in sex
How to manage pregnancy emotions
These feelings may be overwhelming, NCT To manage your emotional roller coaster during pregnancy, we recommend the following methods:
For more information on the emotional effects of pregnancy, see the book.Understand your mood when you are expecting“(Mariner, 2008), by Dr. Lucy Payer, a psychiatrist specializing in female reproductive mental health at Baylor College of Medicine.
This article was updated on June 10, 2021 by Live Science contributor Sarah Wild.
Mood swings and mom’s brain: emotional challenges of pregnancy
Source link Mood swings and mom’s brain: emotional challenges of pregnancy