Mustang horses are descendants of the escaped domestic Spanish Horse It was brought to the Americas by Spanish explorers in the 16th century. The name comes from the Spanish words “mestengo” and “mostrenco”. This means “wild or masterless cow”. Oxford Learner Dictionary..
Mustang is technically not a wild horse because it came from a domesticated population. Therefore, Mustangs that live in the wild are considered wild. American Museum of Natural History (AMNH).. They can be found roaming freely in the western United States, but are kept in captivity by humans and ride like other horses. The Mustang has a muscular body and stiff hooves, making it suitable for scouting and trail riding. Canadian horse, Government-run horse website.
Horse belongs to the genus EkuusAfter evolving in North America about 4 million years ago, it has spread all over the world. The last truly wild horse in America died about 10,000 years ago. Climate change Interaction with humans, Live Science previously reported..
Like other horses, Mustang is usually measured by hand and usually stands at a hand level of 14 to 15. This measurement corresponds to 56 to 60 inches (140 to 150 centimeters). According to them, they weigh about 800 pounds (360 kilograms). American Mustang program.
Mustang can be in a wide variety of different colors, Oklahoma State University, Their coats show the full range of colors found on all horses. Usually they are reddish brown bays, or maroon sorrel. You can also add various patches, spots and stripes.
Most Mustang horses can run and gallop at speeds of 25-30 mph (40-48 km / h), but have been recorded to reach 55 mph (88 km / h) over short distances. .. Canadian horse.
Where does Mustang live and what do he eat?
Mustang lives in the grasslands of the western United States and mainly eats grass and brushes.America Land Management Bureau Overseeing “wild” horses blow The population of (donkeys), and allows them to run freely on 26.9 million acres (10.9 million hectares) of public land. This area is divided into 10 herd management areas: Colorado, Nevada, Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana-Dakotas, New Mexico, Oregon-Washington, Utah, and Wyoming. Wild horses also inhabit the Atlantic coast and islands such as Sable, Shackleford, and Asatig. Smithsonian Magazine..
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Life in a flock
Mustang horses live in groups called herds. The herd consists of one stallion and about eight females and their offspring, but it is known that separate herds mix when at risk. Humane Society.. Each herd is headed by a mare or mare, and a stallion over 6 years old. In dangerous situations, the head mare will safely guide her herd and the stallion will stay and fight.
size: Height approx. 56 to 60 inches (140 to 150 cm)
lifespan: Up to 36 years
Conservation status: Tamed
Like other mammals, mustang horses give birth to live young, called foals. Mares give birth to foals for 11 months of gestation, usually in April, May, or early June.American Mustang Guidebook“(Willow Creek Press, 2001). This gives young horses time to grow before the cold of the year.
Domestic horses, including the Mustang, usually live in captivity for about 25 to 30 years, but some horses live in their 40s and above. Like the wild Mustangs that live in public lands in the western United States, wild horses have been recorded to survive for up to 36 years, but usually have a short lifespan. University of Michigan Animal Diversity Web (ADW)..
Are there different types of Mustangs?
The Mustang is usually a mixture of several different breeds, as the original horses brought to North America by the Spaniards have been breeding with other domestic horses for many years. These breeds include drafts (large horses raised as working animals) and thoroughbreds. National Geographic..
Mustang mating varies by population and may be closer to the ancestors of Spanish horses. For example, the Kigger Mustang in Oregon lives in a small, isolated herd, whose pedigree is primarily descendants of early Spanish horses, so it is less mixed with other breeds. Oklahoma State University..
Can you tame the Mustang?
Mustang horses are known for their wild nature, but they can be tamed and ridden like any other horse. However, according to Horse Canada, this process is time consuming and unfamiliar to people when taken directly from the wild rather than in captivity.
Cowboys caught, tamed, and sold Mustangs. Pioneer United States) Western Region — Western United States — Around the 1850s and 1900s. These cowboys were called “Mustang Runners”.
Conservation status and controversy
Mustang horses are not considered endangered because they are not wild animals. Wild populations that are descendants of livestock such as Mustang Endangered IUCN Red List..
According to the American Mustang Program, there are currently over 70,000 free range Mustangs in the United States. According to the American Mustang Program, the number of Mustangs dropped dramatically in the 20th century as horses were killed and captured for a variety of reasons, including food for humans and dogs. In 1900, about 2 million Mustang horses roamed the terrain of North America. By 1971, their population had declined to just 17,300, according to the report. AMNH.. The Mustang was then protected on public land with a donkey. Wild horses and donkeys roaming freely.. Parliament declared them “a living symbol of Western historic and pioneering spirit.” This act also allowed them to be managed and controlled.
Horse / Mustang classification
Kingdom: Animal kingdom
gate: Chordate phylum
order: Horse eyes
The US Bureau of Land Management manages the number of Mustangs and Blows on public land by providing them for acquisition, retention and recruitment.The process is controversial and some groups include: American wild horse campaign, Mustang and Baro argue that they should be left on public land and authorities should use contraceptive treatment instead to control their numbers, if necessary.
Without human intervention, Mustang horse populations can grow rapidly in the absence of many predators, such as: Wolf, According to AMNH, control them naturally. Wildlife AssociationWildlife management and conservation organizations consider wild horses and donkeys to be invasive species, that is, non-native species that are harmful to native wildlife and the local economy. The Wildlife Society claims that horses and baro are competing with native wildlife, damaging their habitat through overgrazing and vegetation trampling. According to AMNH, ranchers are also complaining about having to share land with wild horses.
Nina Sen contributed to this article.
This article was updated on May 4, 2021 by Live Science staff writer Patrick Pester.
Mustang: Facts about American wild horses
Source link Mustang: Facts about American wild horses