About five months later, I settled in a new home on the Red Planet. Perseverance Rover One of the most complex long-range scientific projects ever carried out, we are trying to collect the first samples of Martian rocks. According to a NASA statement..
In the next two weeks, it may also be called Perseverance, or Percy. Landing on Mars on February 18, Saisizing Rover will find and execute the same ancient pair of rocks on the dusty floor of the Jezero Crater. Experiment one in-situ before collecting the other core sample.This second sample safely secures Martian rocks in future missions Earth, NASA said.
Rocks near the current location of Perseverance (an area known as the Crater Floor Fracture Draft) are believed to contain some of the deepest and oldest layers of exposed rock in the Jezero Crater. I am. Future studies of rocks in the area by NASA may reveal valuable clues about the ancient geological past of the crater, the researchers said.
“When Neil Armstrong took his first sample from the calm waters 52 years ago, he began the process of rewriting what humanity knew. MoonIn a statement, Thomas Zulbuchen, Deputy Director of Science at NASA Headquarters, said, “I hope the first and subsequent samples from the Perseverance Jezero Crater will do the same on Mars. “.
According to NASA, future sampling projects will take about 11 days to complete. This is because Perseverance receives all instructions remotely from millions of miles away. After finding a pair of rocks that look like “geological twins,” researchers begin a two-part sampling process that begins with a light cleaning by Perseverance.
Using Percy’s sampling and catching system, the rover scrapes the outside of one rock sample and removes the top layer of rock and dust until the unweathered inner surface is visible. Percy then uses a gas-based dust removal tool to clean the rocks and investigates the sample using a series of cameras and sensors mounted on the rover. According to researchers, the spacecraft analyzes both the surface of the rock and the dust plume that is blown off the rock during the scraping and cleaning process to edit a clear image of the rock’s mineral and chemistry.
After a day’s break and recharging on Mars, Perseverance drills holes in the first rock “twin” to begin the second phase of sample collection. Researchers said Percy would fill a small test tube with a core sample of a second rock and measure the size of the chalk. After measuring the sample and taking a picture, Percy will keep the lock core hidden in a closed container for the next few years.
So far, the plan is over, but NASA researchers are now working with European Space Agency counterparts to develop a future mission to send the spacecraft back to Mars and collect these valuable samples. doing. According to NASA, on Earth, researchers can analyze samples using tools that are much larger and more sensitive than they could fit in a rover, and scientists can unravel the mystery of the Red Planet. Bring a big leap.
Originally published in Live Science.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover is about to collect the first Martian rock sample
Source link NASA’s Perseverance Rover is about to collect the first Martian rock sample