NATO outlines climate strategy during Russia’s war in Ukraine

A naval exercise conducted by the NATO Navy Strike Support Unit on June 6, 2022, led by the US Navy Europe Africa in the Baltic Sea. Russia’s onslaught in Ukraine is almost certain to overturn other security concerns at NATO’s Madrid Summit. week.

Jonathan Nackstrand | Afp | Getty Images

NATO’s ultra-polluting military alliance announced its first emission reduction targets on Tuesday, promising to recognize the growing climate emergency as “a decisive challenge in our time.”

In a speech in Madrid, NATO Prime Minister Jason Stoltenberg said a 30-member alliance would reduce emissions by at least 45% by 2030 and zero emissions by 2050. ..

“It won’t be easy, but it can,” Stortenberg said.

“We cannot compromise military effectiveness. NATO is to maintain peace through credible deterrence and defense. No more important,” he added.

“If we can’t maintain peace, we can’t fight climate change. At the same time, we have a responsibility to reduce emissions.”

The military, navy, and air force, which consume large amounts of fossil fuels, are the main causes of carbon emissions.Certainly, the largest army in the world It is shown It emits more greenhouse gas emissions than many countries combined.

Research by scientists for global responsibility Estimate The world’s military and the industries that provide its equipment account for 6% of global emissions.

Nevertheless, military activity quietly enjoys a sense of exceptionism from environmental norms that other areas of society are expected to follow.

It’s an empty oath. I actually call it somewhat dishonest-although it encourages them to talk about it.

Ben Neymark

Senior Lecturer, Lancaster University

For example, military activities are usually excluded from emission inventories and emission targets, and the voluntary nature of reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is that of the government. Emission data Often not present or incomplete.

Ben Neymark, a senior lecturer at Lancaster University, told CNBC over the phone. Neymark is part of a group of social scientists seeking greater government transparency over the magnitude of carbon emissions from the military.

“Some of the biggest pollutants in human history are based on the data planes that underlie this pledge, or data that doesn’t exist, aren’t they? It’s pretty dishonest,” Neymark said.

New security agenda

NATO leaders meet in the Spanish capital this week to outline their vision for the Western security agenda.

The so-called strategic concept, which is updated approximately every 10 years, is recognized as NATO’s most important document. It reaffirms the value of the alliance of 30 members, provides a collective assessment of security challenges, and serves as a guide to the political and military development of the group.

NATO leaders will meet in Madrid this week to outline their vision for the Western Security Agenda.

Pablo Brasquez Dominguez | Getty Images News | Getty Images

Stortemberg said the updated strategic concept is likely to call Russia the “most important and direct threat” to security following the onslaught of President Vladimir Putin in Ukraine. rice field. Issues raised by China It is also set to deal with for the first time.

He also states that climate change is “a decisive challenge in our time.” “For NATO, this means three things: deepening our understanding, adapting our alliance and reducing our own emissions,” he said.

Monday, NATO publication As part of the Alliance’s “Major Review of Collective Defense and Deterrence since the Cold War,” it plans to increase the number of ready troops to well over 300,000.

It is expected that further investment from NATO member countries will be required for such a large-scale military buildup in response to Russia’s war in Ukraine.

“Russia has now invaded Ukraine and all existing plans have been thrown out of the window,” Stuart Parkinson, Managing Director of Globally Responsible Scientist, told CNBC over the phone.

“So you’ve seen an increase in military spending announced, and that would be accompanied by an increase in military carbon emissions that had already increased anyway,” Parkinson said. “Basically, they’re already heading in the wrong direction, and they’re still heading in the wrong direction, and so on.”

NATO said in June last yearSignificant reduction“Evaluate greenhouse gas emissions from military activities and the potential to reach net zero emissions by 2050.”

Stortemberg said all allies are working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as part of a milestone in the 2015 Paris Agreement.

According to the United NationsNet zero means to bring greenhouse gas emissions as close to zero as possible and reabsorb the remaining emissions from the atmosphere.

Governments and businesses are under great pressure to reduce their environmental impact in order to stop the worst of the climate crisis.

“Only what is measured can be cut”

NATO’s Stoltenberg, a former UN special envoy on climate change, said the alliance has developed the first methodologies for measuring NATO’s greenhouse gas emissions, civilian and military.

“It defines what to count and how to count it, and it will be available to all allies to help them reduce their own military emissions,” Stoltenberg said. Nberg said. “This is very important because only what is measured is cut.”

He had before Concessions At last year’s COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow, Scotland, net zero was not possible without military emissions.

Prior to the Madrid Summit, campaign participants argued that the alliance needed to develop a comprehensive and publicly available methodology for emission data in order for NATO’s climate plan to be credible. rice field.

This is by the world’s leading climate scientists Sound an alarm We have survived the battle to keep the Earth’s heating below the very important threshold of 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The world’s army is one of the largest pollutants on the planet.

Bloomberg | Bloomberg | Getty Images

“Methodology is probably important to me,” Jamie Shay, secretary-general of the World Military Advisory Board on Climate Change, told CNBC over the phone.

“Because the NGO community wants to make this a public methodology, not only does NATO determine if it’s doing well, but the climate science community also wants to see if this is the right methodology, NATO really does. We are moving in the direction. “

Doug Weir, head of research and policy at the Conflict Environment Observatory, a UK-based nonprofit organization, said NATO’s full range of military emissions transparency for the alliance to meaningfully identify reductions. Said it was necessary.

“Currently, we are far from the stage where we can say,’How much the military sector contributes to climate change each year.’ Not near that. It’s really important to be able to do that, “Weir told CNBC.

“This takes a long time, so the military needs to take a truly urgent leadership in this. We’re perfectly realistic about it, but the sooner we start, the more we get there.”

Energy conversion

Stortenberg said the climate crisis was in an environment where troops were active because of the extreme heat for training missions in Iraq and the threat of rising sea levels threatening hurricanes that invalidated naval bases and airfields. He said it had a serious impact.

“The list is long,” he said.

To that end, it is important for NATO to adapt to ensure that members of its allies “maintain effectiveness in increasingly harsh environments,” Stoltenberg said.

NATO’s Secretary-General said most of the plans to reach net zero by the middle of the century were due to the transition from fossil fuels.

This includes pivoting to renewable energy sources, “climate-friendly synthetic fuels, and more energy-efficient solutions.”

“The war in Ukraine shows the danger of being overly dependent on commodities from the authoritarian regime. The way Russia uses energy as a compulsory weapon quickly breaks away from Russia’s oil and gas. It highlights the need, “Stortenberg said.

“At the same time, one must not be exchanged for another. Many new green technologies and rare earth minerals needed come from China, so energy sources and suppliers need to be diversified.” He added.

What needs to happen next?

When asked what the military could do to reduce the emissions produced by their military activities, SGR’s Parkinson identified many “easy victories.”

These include improving energy efficiency at military bases, installing solar and wind energy generation, and switching some vehicles to renewable energy sources.

“That should be part of what they do in the short term, and you get the hard ones: operations and equipment. There are techniques that may be useful, but the big picture is that we It requires less conflict between the government and the military. “

He cited the urgent need for arms control agreements, especially with respect to some of the most destructive weapons, such as nuclear and autonomous weapons.

A woman with a white dove on her face, a symbol of peace, shouted her slogan during a demonstration against NATO.

Marcos Dermazo | Light Rocket | Getty Images

“We have to find some commonalities, with the annoyance that no one likes to bring some kind of peace right away so that we can tackle bigger problems. It means an unpleasant compromise, “Parkinson said.

An important test of the Madrid Summit’s completeness is a global perspective on NATO’s response to security threats in addition to Russia’s war in Ukraine, with Shay of the World Military Advisory Board on Climate Change. Said whether it can be shown.

Former US President Lyndon B. Johnson once said, “You must be able to chew gum as you walk.”

“Obviously Russia-Ukraine is a big story … [there are] Other issues such as terrorism in Africa, climate change, and the militarization of space [and] Cyber ​​conflict. Russia and Ukraine will not put them all on hold or magically disappear. “

“I think the tests in Madrid not only show that NATO is dealing with the situation in Ukraine, but also a commitment to take a broader perspective,” he added.

NATO outlines climate strategy during Russia’s war in Ukraine

Source link NATO outlines climate strategy during Russia’s war in Ukraine

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