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‘Neutral’ Europe recedes as Finns, Swedes edge toward NATO – New Orleans, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana 2022-05-15 07:36:00 –

With Finland and Sweden taking steps to join NATO, the list of “neutral” countries in Europe seems ready to shrink. The division of the west that has endured beyond the end of the Cold War. But security concerns about Russia’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine have changed the calculations of Finland and Sweden, which have long supported neutrality, and what the term really is to other traditionally “neutral” countries. The means for them that made me reconsider. Finland has decided to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), but Sweden said it could follow suit as the opinions of the people of both North countries are in favor of joining. Turkey can pour cold water into NATO’s ambitions in both Finland and Sweden, although the pledge remains mostly on paper as NATO can obscure the concept of the block of collective defense itself. NATO President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the Nordic countries’support for the Kurdish militants and other nations that Turkey considers to be terrorists is suspected, and his country “favored” this idea. It’s not a typical opinion. ” Let’s take a look at the countries where the historian of the University of Amsterdam Samuel Kruizinga has stipulated “neutrality” in the law or considers it to be generally neutral in the confrontation between the United States and Russia and their respective affiliates. .. .. Austria, Ireland, Cyprus and Malta are EU member states that are not NATO members, and Switzerland is not a member of either. Switzerland Probably the most famous neutral country in Europe, Switzerland has a constitutional neutral country, and Swiss voters decided not to participate decades ago. EU. However, the government has been struggling to explain the concept of neutrality after lining up behind EU sanctions on Russia in recent weeks. Swiss neutrality has recently been analyzed almost daily in the local media. Switzerland is unlikely to deviate further from neutrality. The government has already urged Germany not to hand over Swiss military equipment to Ukraine, and the popular right-wing party, which holds the largest seat in parliament, is hesitant to take further steps against Russia, and Switzerland has tightened their role. As an intermediary for protecting rival countries, and as a hub for humanitarian action and human rights. Neutral nations help to hone their reputation. Austria-neutral nations are an important element of modern democracy: In 1955 Austria was declared military-neutral as a condition of its ability to leave the country and regain independence. Since the beginning of the Russian war in Ukraine, Prime Minister Karl Nehammer has made a delicate balance regarding Austria’s position. He argues that the country has no plans to change its security status, while at the same time proclaiming that military neutrality does not necessarily mean moral neutrality, and Austria strongly condemns Russia’s actions in Ukraine. Ireland Ireland’s neutrality has long been a short gray area. Earlier this year, Prime Minister Micheál Martin summarized the country’s position: “We are not politically neutral, but military-neutral.” The war in Ukraine has resumed debate about what Irish neutrality means. Ireland has imposed sanctions on Russia and sent non-lethal aid to Ukraine in response to the aggression. Ireland participates in European Union battlegroups — part of Block’s efforts to harmonize the army. World War I on neutral nations suggested that the more similar the EU and NATO members are, the better it is for Brock to “depict himself as a geopolitical force.” “It is disaligned and refuses to join the military alliance.” According to a Foreign Ministry survey released two weeks before the Russian invasion, the majority of respondents supported neutrality, with only 6% opposed. Relations between CYPRUS Cyprus and the United States have expanded significantly over the last decade, but the idea of ​​joining NATO has been off the table, at least for now. The president of an ethnically divided island nation said on Saturday that it was “premature” to even think of a move to constantly meet the strong opposition of rival Turkey. Turkish troops invaded in the mid-1970s. Turkey was a NATO member at the time — and the alliance did nothing to thwart the troops y action.Stalwart NATO member Britain has two sovereign military bases in Cyprus with US personnel cooperating And host a sophisticated listening post on the east coast. Cyprus also wants to maintain a neutral veneer, supplying Russian warships at the port of Cyprus, but its privileges have been suspended after the war in Ukraine began. ___ Menelaus Hajicostis in Nicosia, Cyprus. Jill Lawless in London. Emily Schultais in Vienna. Francis Demilio of Rome contributed to this report.

With Finland and Sweden taking steps to join NATO, the list of “neutral” countries in Europe seems ready to shrink.

Like the two Scandinavian countries, other countries have joined the European Union to promise economic and political unity without complicating the east-west division that continued after the end of the Cold War.

But security concerns about Russia’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine have changed the calculations of Finland and Sweden, which have long supported neutral nations, and what the term really is to other traditionally “neutral” nations. Made me reconsider what it means. Finland said Sweden could follow suit as public opinion in both Scandinavia swelled in favor of accession, but said it would decide to join NATO in the next few days.

EU member states have promised to work on each other’s defenses in case of external attacks, but the pledge is mostly paper, as NATO may obscure Block’s own concept of collective defense. It remains in.

Nevertheless, Turkey was able to pour cold water into NATO’s ambitions in both Finland and Sweden. NATO President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the country was “favorable” about this idea, as Turkey suspected Scandinavian support for Kurdish militants and others that Turkey considers terrorists. It’s not a good opinion. “

“This is important about neutrality, which means it varies from person to person,” said Samuel Kluisinga, a historian at the University of Amsterdam.

This indicates some countries that enshrine “neutral” in the law or are generally considered neutral in the confrontation between the United States and Russia and their respective affiliates. Austria, Ireland, Cyprus and Malta are EU member states that are not members of NATO, and Switzerland is not a member of both.

Switzerland

Perhaps Europe’s most famous neutral country, Switzerland enshrines a neutral country in its constitution, and Swiss voters decided not to join the EU decades ago. But the government has been struggling to explain the concept of neutrality for the past few weeks after lining up behind EU sanctions against Russia — and Swiss neutrality has recently been analyzed almost daily in local media.

It is unlikely that Switzerland will deviate further from its neutral nation. The Swiss government has already urged Germany not to hand over Swiss military equipment to Ukraine.

The populist right-wing party, which holds the largest seat in parliament, is hesitant to take further steps against Russia, and Switzerland strictly defends its role as an intermediary for rival countries and as a hub for humanitarian action and human rights. Neutrality helps to hone its reputation.

Austria

Austrian neutrality is an important element of modern democracy. Austria declared military neutrality in 1955 as a condition for the Allies to leave the country and regain independence.

Since the beginning of the Russian war in Ukraine, Prime Minister Karl Nehammer has made a delicate balance regarding Austria’s position. He declared that military neutrality did not necessarily mean moral neutrality, while the country had no plans to change its security status, and argued that Austria strongly condemned Russia’s actions in Ukraine.

Ireland

Ireland’s neutrality has long been a slightly gray area. Prime Minister Micheál Martin summarized the country’s position earlier this year as follows: “We are not politically neutral, but military-neutral.”

The war in Ukraine has resumed discussions about what Irish neutrality means. Ireland imposed sanctions on Russia and sent non-lethal aid to Ukraine in response to the aggression.

Ireland participates in the European Union battlegroup. This is part of Block’s efforts to harmonize the army.

Kruizinga, who contributed to the history of World War I Cambridge on neutral nations, said that the more similar EU and NATO members are, the more Brock “depicts itself as a geopolitical force.” Suggested good.

Malta

The Maltese Constitution states that the small Mediterranean islands are officially neutral and adhere to the policy of “non-aligned and refusing to join the military alliance.” A foreign ministry poll released two weeks before Russia’s invasion found that the majority of respondents favored neutral nations. Only 6% opposed neutral nations.

The Times of Malta reported Wednesday that Higgins of Ireland had joined Malta’s President George Vella to condemn the war in Ukraine, emphasizing the idea of ​​”positive” neutrality during his official visit.

Cyprus

Relations between Cyprus and the United States have grown considerably over the last decade, but the idea of ​​NATO membership has been off the table, at least for now.

The president of an ethnically divided island nation said on Saturday that it was “premature” to even think of a move to constantly meet the strong opposition of rival Turkey.

Many Cypriots, especially the left-wing Cypriots, continue to blame NATO for the de facto division of the island even after the Turkish invasion in the mid-1970s. Turkey was a NATO member at the time — and the alliance did nothing to prevent military action.

The United Kingdom, a member of the Stalwart NATO, has two sovereign military bases in Cyprus, with US personnel working together to host sophisticated listening posts on the east coast.

Cyprus also wanted to maintain a neutral veneer, whose privileges were suspended after the war in Ukraine began, but allowed Russian warships to replenish at the port of Cyprus.

___

Menelaos Hadjicostis in Nicosia, Cyprus; Jill Lawless in London. Emily Schultais in Vienna. Francis Demilio of Rome contributed to this report.

‘Neutral’ Europe recedes as Finns, Swedes edge toward NATO Source link ‘Neutral’ Europe recedes as Finns, Swedes edge toward NATO

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