NSHREE-AND-A-HALF A few years ago, German politics seemed exhausted. Angela Merkel had just formed her third “Grand Coalition”. This was a tired middle road alliance and no one was satisfied. Two months after the election of Chancellor Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union, the mood is significantly brighter today. November 24, German Social Democratic Party leader (SPD), Greens and the Liberal Democratic Party (FDP), The professional business party is optimistic when gathered in a remodeled Berlin warehouse to praise the new “traffic light” coalition (named after the party’s red, green and yellow). I let you put it out. With 177 pages and 52,000 words (a little more than “Great Gatsby”), their three-way deal represents a policy agenda for the next four years.
In search of coherence from awkward projects, the parties are pushing the story of Germany’s “modernization” 16 years after Merkel’s conservative rule. The idea that three different parties might quickly get rid of their differences seemed suspicious. However, their leaders argued that the two-month coalition negotiations proceeded relatively smoothly, on time, and with almost no omissions, laying the foundation for trust. Olaf Scholz, SPDHe says the reticent prime minister wants the two parties to jointly campaign in the next election. When introduced to Berlin in the 1920s, people were skeptical of traffic lights, he said, but they are essential today.
The promise of modernization between the two parties is reflected in many legislations. These include liberalization of German archaic citizenship law, rationalization of bureaucracy, election reforms to reduce the bloated parliament, improved gay and transgender rights, and legalization of pots. It will be. Negotiators say they soon reached an agreement on these issues. The wording of transactions on other themes characterizes more subtle discussions.
The commitment to keep Germany on the “road to 1.5 degrees” (ie, limit global warming) is ubiquitous. The pledge to phase out coal from 2038 to 2030 is symbolic but welcomed. Carbon prices are already killing raw materials. More importantly, it plans to increase its share of renewable energy in Germany’s electricity mix from its current 65% target (currently 45%) to 80% by 2030. Alexander Reitzenstein, a climate expert at think tank Das Progressive Zentrum, said the transport agreement was weaker and, surprisingly, offered nothing about raising domestic carbon prices.
The two parties fought over fiscal policy and public investment. The constitutional “debt brake” is FDP, Limit deficit spending. Many complex tools are used to avoid it, such as strengthening the China Development Bank, extending debt repayments, and fine-tuning the calculation of Germany’s structural budget deficit. All these details are thin, but the coalition will probably struggle to reach Greens’ goal of € 50 billion a year ($ 56 billion) of fresh money. Next year, this national debate will flow into the European debate on Germany’s wicked problem, fiscal rules.Here, the vague commitment of trading to use rules to secure growth and drive investment EU We offer more offers than some have boldly hoped for.
“The foreign policy chapter is stronger than I expected,” said Jana Puglierin of the Council on Foreign Relations.The vows of signatories to the new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons to attend the first meeting next year will be worrisome NATO Allies.But it is balanced by a strong commitment to NATOA nuclear sharing agreement in which Germany agrees to accept US nuclear weapons and maintain aircraft capable of transporting them. Russia’s negotiations are particularly controversial, and the coalition agreement overturns a clear reference to Nord Stream 2, a Russian gas pipeline that is hated by much of the United States and Europe. But Germany’s Chinese hawk is pleased with the solid language of the deal, including support for Taiwan’s involvement in international organizations. Merkel’s engagement-first approach to China appears to expire in her prime ministerial post.
Consensus is weak on the reform of Germany’s pension system, which faces chronic pressure from the aging population.Relax restrictions on external labor migrants EU Welcoming, but we cannot close the demographic gap. For asylum, the new government will offer carrots (easier family reunification rules) and sticks (faster deportation). But for squats in a country in the middle of Europe, national policy is EUGeneral asylum rules. A new immigration crisis at the European border could put a strain on the traffic light government, like Chancellor Merkel.
Many of the 17 ministerial posts still need to be split, but the most important ones are already known.One of the important relationships is with Christian Lindner FDP Robert Habeck, leader, estimated Finance Minister of Mr. Schortz and co-chair of Green, runs the enhanced Ministry of Climate and Economy (other Greens leader Annalena Baerbock is Germany’s first. I will be a female foreign minister). Tax-reducing liberals and nationalists Green claim to be united in their mission to manage the German energy transition. Reality tests that promise.
But unexpected events will be the biggest challenge. In that sense, the pandemic, which is once again raging in Germany, provides a terrible welcome for a traffic light coalition. Mr. Schortz’s government will swear in the week of December 6th. By then, thousands of Germans will die of covid-19 each week, putting serious burdens on many hospitals.The new prime minister has already blocked another nation Austrian vaccination obligation.. The wedding went as expected. But honeymoons are easy. ■■
This article was published in the printed European section under the heading “All systems go”.
Olaf Scholz coalition preparing to take office in Germany
Source link Olaf Scholz coalition preparing to take office in Germany