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Parenting programs support the social and academic involvement of children raised in poverty

Parental education programs and interventions that begin shortly after the birth of a child support the social and academic involvement of poorly raised children, according to a study led by pediatricians and psychologists across the country, including NYU Grossman. It has been shown to have a significant impact on parenting behavior at the School of Medicine, NYU Steinhardt, and the University of Pittsburgh.

Studies published in the journal today PediatricsExamines the Smart Beginnings Project, an unprecedented comprehensive approach to facilitating school preparation in low-income families. This model addresses one of the most important causes of inequality. This means that many children in low-income households may start lagging behind school and catch up.

Children are particularly poor, unprepared for learning, in poor health, and even have low incomes throughout their lives because they do not have the opportunity to pretend or read children’s books. Smart Beginnings provides a practical approach to enable all children to start equally in school and life. “

Alan Mendelsohn, MD, Professor, Pediatrics, Population Health, Developmental Behavior Pediatrics, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, Principal Investigator of Research

Smart Beginnings integrates the Video Interaction Project (VIP), contacts families during regular pediatric examinations, and is the second target program during home visits for families identified as having additional risks. Address these long-standing challenges by integrating with inspection (FCU) and challenges.

VIPs are offered to families in early infancy with a child’s well visit. During the session, a trained parenting coach will meet with the family, provide children’s books and toys, and record simple videos for parents and children to read and play. The videos are watched together in real time to support the strengths and goals of the family. This process strengthens the parent-child relationship at this critical time for the brain development of children from birth to the age of three.

The second target program, FCU, is home-based and family-centric for those who find that risks and challenges have been added. FCUs help families identify their strengths and think about their challenges. The program provides additional support to families in need of it, using clinical-level guidance tailored to their family’s needs and goals.

What the study showed

The two-site survey duplicates and extends previous VIP findings across racially and ethnically diverse families in New York City and Pittsburgh.

The results of the survey were measured by the survey, and by observing parents reading and playing with their children, parents were significantly more engaged in reading, playing and talking with their children. Was shown. Equivalent impacts between the two sites support the feasibility for parents from different geographic locations and racial / ethnic backgrounds to improve parent-child interactions. The study also supports “scaling up” this model as an inexpensive solution to reach families in need.

“One of the obvious benefits of offering parents a program like the Smart Beginnings project is that it can be offered at about one-tenth the cost of other programs that have comparable impact,” said a developmental psychologist. Dr. Erin Roby, the lead author of the scientist, said. At NYU Grossman School of Medicine. “Smart Beginnings have had a huge impact, showing that this model has the potential to address some of the most important equity issues of our time.”

Researchers conducted randomized controlled trials at two sites, NYCHealth + Hospitals / Bellevue and UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, which are affiliated with NYU Langone Health. In this study, the postpartum unit of NYC Health + Hospitals / Bellevue from June 2015 to January 2017 and the two phases starting at UPMC Children’s Hospital in Pittsburgh from June 2016 to October 2017. I registered 403 pairs of mothers and children in. Either the Smart Beginnings project or a control group with standard pediatric care.

This study will continue to track the family over time to determine the overall impact of the complete smart beginning model, including the potential additive impact of the FCU on high-risk families.

Growing up in a pandemic: How COVID-19 affects child development

Many children are missing out on developmental opportunities as childcare programs are completed and social distance measures are in place. Pediatricians are aware of language and language delays, as well as group sharing and participation issues.

“Children don’t get the cognitive and social experiences they usually get outside the home,” Mendelson said. “Many studies suggest that COVID-19 causes challenges and stressors in families that affect children throughout their lives, but little attention is paid to the effects of pandemics on families with very young children. Is not.”

Last year, Mendelson and the team adapted a smart beginning model to be delivered completely remotely to continue to provide support to isolated families during the pandemic.

Most recently, VIP has expanded to Flint, Michigan. This community was heavily affected by the great crisis when drinking water was contaminated with lead. The team is preparing for large-scale nationwide implementation of the program. “Expanding our program will make a big difference to families facing major challenges that will continue after the pandemic,” Mendelson said.

Parenting programs support the social and academic involvement of children raised in poverty

Source link Parenting programs support the social and academic involvement of children raised in poverty

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