Denver, Colorado 2021-09-08 13:43:06 –
Paris — The trial of 20 men accused of a series of coordinated attacks on Paris in 2015 spread fear throughout Europe and transformed France. It began Wednesday in a custom-built complex embedded in a 13th-century courthouse.
On November 13, 2015, nine Islamic State armed groups and suicide bombers attacked each other within minutes in several locations around Paris, killing 130 and injuring hundreds. .. France has been the deadliest violence since World War II and one of the worst terrorist attacks on the west.
The worst massacre was at the Bataclan Concert Hall, where three men with assault rifles shot and killed dozens of people and captured a few hostages. Some were aiming for the national soccer field where the president was playing in the game, or for a cafe crowded with people on a calm autumn night.
Sarah Abdeslam, the only attacker who survived that night, is the main defendant, but he has refused to talk to investigators and answers many of the remaining questions about the attack and those who planned the attack. I refused. Abdeslam, whose brother was one of the suicide bombers, appeared in a black short-sleeved shirt and black trousers with long hair tied behind him.
When asked to state his profession, he began praying and then declared him a “fighter for the Islamic State.”
Abdeslam, who fled on the night of the attack after abandoning his car and dysfunctional suicide vest, is the only defendant charged with murder. Other defendants present are facing less allegations of terrorism.
Judge Jean-Louis Peries acknowledged the extraordinary nature of the attacks that changed the security of the political situation in Europe and France, and the upcoming trials. France emerged only from a state of emergency declared following the 2017 attack, after incorporating many of the toughest measures into the law.
“The events we are about to determine are inscribed in their historic strength, like the international and domestic events of this century,” he said.
Dominique Killemoes, whose son died of blood in one of the cafes, said listening to the victims’ testimony at trial was crucial to the healing of both themselves and the country.
“Assassins, these terrorists thought they were firing at a large number of people in the crowd, but it wasn’t the masses — they had a life, loved, and hoped. And was an individual we needed to discuss in court. That’s important, “she said.
Of the 20 men charged, six will be tried in absentia. Abdeslam will be asked many times, but it is still unclear whether he will break the silence beyond the loyalty he provided to Islamic State groups on Wednesday.
“We were expecting it, and we were ready for it, and in fact, we didn’t expect anything from him,” after Abdeslam first appeared. Key Remoes said.
The same IS network that hit Paris hit Brussels a few months later, killing an additional 32 people.
Authorities needed extraordinary lengths to ensure trial security and built a whole new court in Paris’ famous 13th-century Palais de Justice, where Marie Antoinette and Emile Zola faced trial.
Survivors of the attack and those mourning the dead on Wednesday packed a room in a complex designed to accommodate 1,800 plaintiffs and more than 300 lawyers.
For the first time, victims can have a secure audio link to listen from home as needed with a delay of 30 minutes.
The trial will last nine months. In September, we will concentrate on presenting police and forensic evidence. October will be carried over to the victim’s testimony. From November to December, officials, including then-French President Francois Hollande, who was in Stud, France on the night of the assault, testified, as did the attacker’s relatives.
France has changed in the wake of the attack. Authorities quickly declared an emergency, and armed police are now constantly patrolling public spaces. Since most of the perpetrators were born and raised in France or Belgium, the assault caused a wider soul quest between the French and Europeans. And they have changed the lives of all those who have suffered losses or witnessed violence forever.
“Our carefree ability is gone,” said Kielemoes. “All the desire to go out and travel is gone. Even though we are still doing a lot, our desire for life has disappeared.”
For Jean-Luc Wertenschlag, who lived on a cafe where his son died and rushed downstairs shortly after the first shooting to save his life, it even changed the way he traveled through the city where he was born and raised. .. He never left home without the first aid he was lacking that night when he stripped off his shirt to stop the victim’s bleeding.
“That night, working with others to help those injured during the attack was a way to counter what these monsters tried to do to us,” he said.
In addition to witnessing one of the scenes of the attack, some of the people who will testify have ordered police to special forces to attack Bataclan.
Holland said Wednesday, “not for French politics, but for the victims of the attack.” He said he was keenly aware of the weight of responsibility that night and the days and weeks that followed.
“Turning off the camera will bring you back to the loneliness of Elysee,” Holland told France Amfo. “Do you ask me what I can do? … Will what happened now change society?”
Wednesday’s hearing was suspended after one of the defendants appeared to have medical problems. When it resumed, Abdeslam furiously exploded.
“We should be treated like humans. We are not dogs,” he said.
None of the minutes will be broadcast or rebroadcast to the public, but will be recorded for archival purposes. Video recordings are only permitted for a handful of cases in France that are considered to be of historical value, including last year’s trial against the Charlie Hebdo newspaper in Paris and the 2015 attack on the Kosher supermarket.
Associated Press journalists Angela Charlton, Alex Turnbull, and Catherine Gaschka contributed to this report.
Paris terror trial opens for 20 accused in 2015 attacks – The Denver Post Source link Paris terror trial opens for 20 accused in 2015 attacks – The Denver Post