But that has changed a lot. Between 2017 and 2018, the wealthiest current and past smoking rates rose to 57.9%, and the wealthiest smoking rates fell by nearly half to 34%.
Smoking is an acquired habit, but low-income earners are more likely to use tobacco to cope with the stress of poverty, Dr. Gaffney said. Tobacco advertising often targets low-income communities, and tobacco stores are denser in poorer areas, according to the authors of the commentary that accompanies the survey. Poor people may also have limited access to smoking cessation programs and alternative therapies, they said.
“We are increasingly thinking of tobacco addiction as a disease,” said Dr. Saras Raju, an assistant professor of lung and emergency medicine at Johns Hopkins University and one of the authors of the commentary. “Personal responsibility is important, but it is difficult without proper treatment and treatment to quit smoking.”
The prevalence of asthma in children has increased in all income groups since 1980, but has increased more rapidly among children in poorer families. Before 1980, there was little difference in the incidence of asthma in infants aged 6 to 11 years, 3-4 percent. However, between 2017 and 2018, the rate of the poor rose to 14.8%, while the rate of children in high-income families was 6.8%. (A similar pattern appeared among adults; statistical adjustments to smoking only slightly reduced the difference.)
Among low-income adults, the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, an inflammatory lung disease, is longer than that of wealthy individuals. However, despite a stable rate of 4.4 percent among the wealthiest, the prevalence of the poorest Americans increased from 10.4 percent to 16.3 percent, widening the inequality.
From 1959 to 2019, poor and poorly educated adults consistently reported more annoying respiratory symptoms, such as dyspnea, than wealthy and well-educated people. For some symptoms, such as coughing problems, the gap between the rich and the poor has widened over time.
The incidence of wheezing declined in the highest-income and well-educated groups, but was stable in the poor and poorly educated groups.
Poor Americans are more likely to have respiratory problems, findings
Source link Poor Americans are more likely to have respiratory problems, findings