Riverside, California 2021-07-21 01:24:34 –
In addition to the sharp drop in life expectancy, a record 3.3 million Americans died last year.
Life expectancy in the United States will be a little less than half a year in 2020, the biggest decline since World War II, public health officials said Wednesday. The decline in both Black Americans and Hispanic Americans was exacerbated: 3 years.
The decline spelled out by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is primarily COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection) According to health officials, pandemics account for nearly 74% of all declines in life expectancy. Last year, more than 3.3 million Americans died. This is far more than any other year in US history, with COVID-19 accounting for about 11% of these deaths.
During the Great Depression, the life expectancy of blacks has not declined significantly during the mid-1930s and one year. Health officials haven’t tracked Hispanic life expectancy for almost a long time, but the decline in 2020 was the largest recorded decline for the year.
Mark Hayward, a professor of sociology at the University of Texas who studies changes in US mortality, said the sudden fall was “basically catastrophic.”
Killers other than COVID-19 played a role. Overdose of drugs has pushed down life expectancy, especially for Caucasians. Elizabeth Arias, the lead author of the report, said the increase in murders was a small but important reason for the decline in African Americans.
Other issues have affected black and Hispanic people, according to experts. ..
Life expectancy is an estimate of the average number of years a baby born in a particular year is expected to live. This is important for national health, which can be affected by both persistent trends such as obesity and more temporary threats such as pandemics and wars that may not endanger newborns for life. This is a statistical snapshot.
For decades, life expectancy in the United States has been positive. However, that trend stagnated for several years in 2015 and then reached 78 years and 10 months in 2019. Last year, according to the CDC, it fell to about 77 years and 4 months.
Other findings from the new CDC report:
— Hispanic Americans have a longer life expectancy than white and black Americans, but saw the largest decline in 2020. The three-year decline has been the largest since the CDC began tracking life expectancy for Hispanic Americans 15 years ago.
— Life expectancy for blacks has fallen by nearly three years to 71 years and 10 months. It hasn’t been so low since 2000.
— Life expectancy has decreased by about 14 months to about 77 years and 7 months. This was the lowest lifespan of the population since 2002.
— The role of COVID-19 depends on race and ethnicity. Coronavirus was responsible for 90% of Hispanic life expectancy, 68% of Caucasians, and 59% of African Americans.
— Life expectancy has dropped by nearly two years for men and about a year for women, widening the long-standing gap. The estimated life expectancy of the CDC is 6 months for boys, 70 years for boys, and 2 months for girls.
According to CDC data, more than 80% of COVID deaths last year were people over the age of 65. This has actually reduced the life expectancy sacrifice at birth from a pandemic. This is highly dependent on the deaths of younger adults and children than the elderly.
As a result, last year’s decline was half of the three-year decline from 1942 to 1943, when young soldiers died in World War II. And it was only part of the decline between 1917 and 1918, when the World War I and the Spanish flu pandemic devastated the younger generation.
After these declines, life expectancy has recovered, and experts believe it will happen again. However, some say it will take years.
Coronavirus variants are widespread among unvaccinated Americans, while too many have already died of COVID-19 this year, according to some experts.
“No, we can’t return to life expectancy before the pandemic in 2021,” said Noreen Goldman, a researcher at Princeton University.
The Associated Press’s Department of Health Sciences is supported by the Department of Science Education at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. AP is solely responsible for all content.
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