Rich nations need to help developing countries fight Covid or live in fortresses.Economy

RThe G7, which recognizes that “no one is safe until everyone is safe,” recently Announce additional steps Promote more “affordable and equitable access to vaccines, treatments and diagnoses” globally to combat Covid-19. However, translating expressed intent into effective action requires both bold political leadership within the country and support for developing countries far beyond financial assistance. Doing it right is not easy, but efforts are essential if rich nations want to avoid living in a fortress with a united spirit.

The current inequality in vaccine availability and deployment is clear.According to the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, Only 10 countries It accounts for 75% of all Covid-19 vaccinations to date. More than 130 countries do not take single doses.

Faced with such inequality, the G7 has agreed to increase pandemic aid to $ 7.5 billion (£ 5.3 billion), to G20 countries and other countries, including multilateral organizations, to developing countries. Requested increased support. Covax facility Or Access to Covid-19 Tool Accelerator Initiative.

Given the considerable risks faced by developing countries, these actions are not the only ones that are right. They also benefit developed countries. Unless other parts of the world succeed in fighting the virus, new variants will proliferate and confront developed countries in a seemingly endless series of potential defeat scenarios.

The first arises from the risk of overcoming existing vaccines and “importing” new variants that renew the terrible cycle of infection, hospitalization, mortality and blockade. Already, the emergence of new viral variants such as Kent (England) and South African strains has made the fight against Covid-19 even more difficult. Fortunately, these variants increased the rate of infection, but did not appear to compromise the effectiveness of the drug or vaccine.

When countries turn corners in life- and livelihood-destroying shocks, it is important to minimize the risk of more unstable mutations. Another option is to take a bunker-like approach to the border.

This is no longer a two-horse race. We are now supporting vaccination that surpasses not only the original virus but also new variants. If this does not happen, many countries, especially those that have made significant progress in reducing infections and vaccination, will face repeated difficult choices. Either there is a risk of confusion due to new variants from abroad, or there is a significant reduction in internal and external flow. Citizens, residents, visitors. And neither option is easily sustainable.

There are other ways in which helping others in the fight against Covid-19 is a national priority, especially for Western nations and their allies. China has already done so directly through “mask diplomacy” (providing free face masks to reduce viral infections) and by demonstrating that its governing model is more effective in overcoming than Western nations. Has increased its influence and position in developing countries. Unexpected adversity.

China is currently as busy providing vaccines as Russia.For example, the African Medical Supplies Platform recently announced that the African Union was offered. 300m dose Funding of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine to the countries that need it.

effective G7 Approaches to making vaccination more accessible to developing countries will help counter the view that it has abandoned the global stage. It is also in line with the Biden administration’s purpose of global re-engagement.

The effectiveness of the G7 in this area does more than fully fulfill the latest important promises. Time is important, whether it is to make financial assistance available to developing countries or to donate to them the expected and already secured excess doses of developed countries.

The G7 must also exceed such assistance in at least two ways. First, if required, Member States will have the technology to overcome minor obstacles that disrupt the local supply chain (imperfections) that long undermine previous vaccination efforts such as malaria. You need to provide support and logistical support, which is easier to overcome). Second, the G7 should pressure vaccine manufacturers to share their knowledge with local producers and promote their legal and operational capabilities to do so.

The road ahead is difficult. At many levels, including those who want to spend their money and effort only at home, and those who are trying to protect current profit opportunities from the Covid-19 vaccine and protect future profit opportunities from the scientific advances incorporated in the vaccine. There is opposition. But as difficult as this, alternatives are even more difficult. Live with the destruction of the virus, live in the national fuel depot, or both.

© © Project syndicate

Rich nations need to help developing countries fight Covid or live in fortresses.Economy

Source link Rich nations need to help developing countries fight Covid or live in fortresses.Economy

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