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Roe v Wade: How Restricting Access to Abortion in the United States Increases Women’s Deaths

Numerous evidences show that restricting access to abortion does not reduce the number of abortions, but only increases the risk of death for those in need.


| analysis

May 4, 2022

Abortion Protesters Outside the US Supreme Court

Shutterstock / Rena Schild

A Leaked US Supreme Court Opinion Draft The State Supreme Court has suggested that it is trying to overturn the Roe v. Wade case, an original 1973 decision that protects the country’s right to abortion. The draft, written by one of the judges of the court, Samuel Alito, was published by the news site Politico on May 2. If the ruling is withdrawn, or if many now believe as a result of this leak, the impact on women’s health will be disastrous.

Studies show that making abortions illegal does not reduce the number of abortions. In fact, countries with more restrictive laws actually have higher abortion rates than countries where abortion is widely available. 2009 study By researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. Instead, what the law restricting abortion does is to significantly increase the risk of death for those who have an abortion. According to the same study, abortion-related deaths are 34 times higher in countries with restricted abortion laws.

When properly done, dosing or surgical abortion is one of the safest gynecological surgeries and is much safer than childbirth.The latest figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are in the United States 0.41 deaths per 100,000 legal abortions Compared to 23.8 deaths per 100,000 live births..

However, if abortions are performed in unsanitary conditions or by untrained donors, they can be 2009 Studies show that 68,000 women worldwide each year die from unsafe abortions, primarily due to bleeding and infection, and an additional 5 million have long-term health complications from these procedures.

Risk of unwanted pregnancy

Pregnancy and childbirth can be debilitating and even fatal in their own right. In 2020 861 women in the United States have died Causes related to pregnancy or childbirth.Perinatal conditions such as pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes affect 6-8 percent of pregnant peopleAnd if you develop these conditions during pregnancy, you are more likely to have high blood pressure and diabetes in later years.

Black women in the United States are particularly at risk for pregnancy-related complications: their maternal mortality rate Almost 3 times higher More than white women, according to the CDC. When people are forced to give birth, they are also forced to face these risks.

Restricting access to abortion can also cause emotional distress. A Survey of 956 women In the United States seeking an abortion, we found that in the weeks that followed, those who were denied the procedure had a higher anxiety rate, lower life satisfaction, and lower self-esteem than women who had an abortion.

Another consequence of restricted access to abortion is the negative impact on children born from unwanted American Psychological Association“Unwanted pregnancies are associated with subsequent defects in the child’s cognitive, emotional, and social processes. These children are more likely to engage in criminal activity, relying on public support. , Are more likely to experience negative long-term consequences in adulthood, such as precarious marriages. “

What will happen next?

The US Supreme Court has not yet issued an official ruling to overturn the country’s decision to protect the right to abortion. The leaked document is an early draft of the majority opinion and a formal decision is expected by June. People who still need an abortion can still have an abortion.

Even if the Roe v. Wade case is abolished, it would not be illegal to have an abortion across the United States, but some states will ban abortions. The Supreme Court’s draft decision is Maximum number of state-level abortion limits enacted in a year..

Thirteen states have so-called trigger legislation that effectively bans all abortions as soon as the Roe v. Wade case is overturned. The other nine states have existing legislation prohibiting abortions that could not be enforced when the Roe v. Wade case was passed, but if they are abolished, they will probably be enforced again.The Guttmacher Institute’s Reproductive Rights Research Group said: 26 states will probably ban abortion If Roe capsizes.

As a result, access to safe abortions depends on geography and resources, putting the most disadvantaged people at even greater risk.

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Roe v Wade: How Restricting Access to Abortion in the United States Increases Women’s Deaths

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