Washington-The Senate is on the verge of passing broad legislation to strengthen research and development for scientific innovation on Thursday, and the government has made a major step into industrial policy for the first time in decades to strengthen its competitiveness against China. Will be fulfilled.
The move is in turmoil, supported by growing concerns among members of both parties that the United States has lost its advantage over China and other dictatorships that have invested heavily in the development of cutting-edge technology. Will be. $ 195 billion He participates in research in many fields, including the manufacturing and semiconductor industries.
Widespread support for this measure reflects an urgent sense of action in a bipartisan emergency. A pandemic that highlights Beijing’s predicament About important supply chains including global Semiconductor shortage This closed an American car factory and delayed the shipment of home appliances.
“If we don’t strengthen the game right now, we’ll lag behind the rest of the world,” said Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, leader of the majority and drafter of the bill. “That’s the ultimate goal of this law. Overthrowing ships. By investing in science and technology, we will innovate the world in a future industry that may or may not be what we know. , Can produce and beat the competition. “
The move was the result of a collaboration between Schumer and Indiana Republican Senator Todd Young, who came together as a series of political changes created a rare consensus moment on the issue. It was.
Schumer has been one of the toughest Chinese hawks in the Democratic Party for decades, and personally, he has taken advantage of his new position as a leader in the majority to promote legislation against Beijing. And, following former President Donald J. Trump, many Democrats set aside what was once orthodox for the government’s economic intervention, with American companies emerging as rivals. Accepting ideas for positive means to be able to compete.
The law supports the struggling semiconductor industry by investing hundreds of billions of dollars in the US scientific R & D pipeline while providing an emergency injection of funding into a $ 52 billion subsidy program. Create new grants and promote incentive contracts between private companies and research colleges. Breakthrough of new technology.
Still, the bill attracted industry lobbyists and lawmakers’ pet priorities for its popularity, but it was unclear if its ambitious goals could be achieved. Fierce price cut negotiations watered the law and emerging technologies Significantly reduced the budget for centralized hubs for R & D. $ 29 billion From $ 100 billionInstead, legislators have transferred much of their funding to the National Science Foundation’s traditional basic research mission and laboratories run by the Ministry of Energy, rather than new technology initiatives.
The bill includes a new round of funding for NASA, which is likely to benefit Jeff Bezos’ space venture, a ban on the sale of shark fins, and an indication of the country of origin of king crab. Around 11:00 pm Wednesday night, with little discussion, the Senate added a section to double the budget of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency).
Hours before the bill was to be passed, Senators were still drafting key elements, such as expired, which would allow for a temporary suspension of tariffs on certain products imported into the United States. Major trade measures such as re-approving the clause. It also directs the US Trade Representative to negotiate an agreement on forced labor and important minerals.
Young did not hide his disappointment with some changes to the bill at a recent hearing, but in an interview Thursday, the law still “corresponds to a significant increase in funding seen for applied research.” “. “
“We could play a role in amplifying power in China’s efforts to combat malicious influence and activity,” he said.
Still, the bill was disgusted by what was characterized as an overly rapid drafting process, fearing that the Republicans would no longer have the opportunity to pass China-related bills, and the Republicans smashed into a last-minute partisan quarrel. Was. Suggestion.
At a private lunch on Wednesday, Republicans tried to persuade colleagues to delay the passage of the bill. Senator John Kennedy of Louisiana rushed into Schumer, arguing that the process needed to be delayed. The majority of leaders moved very quickly and ran around like a five-year-old kid in Halloween Batman costume, “said two people familiar with Kennedy’s remarks. Told.
Democrats allowed voting on more than 12 Republican amendments, Filibuster Leaders extended the 15-minute procedural vote by four hours to thwart the bill, resulting in final negotiations in a closed room.
Republican strong support for the bill is a paradigm shift in the party, especially in the decision to send $ 52 billion to chipmakers to fund a program created by Congress last year, with Congress’s dominant Chinese hardliners federal. American manufacturing that came to support the intervention of.
Florida Republican Senator Marco Rubio attended the Senate before voting, citing the rapid development of vaccines, and during the pandemic, “an urgent crisis of national concern through a government-corporate partnership. I praised the result of “solving”.
“When it comes to R & D technology, it’s probably the biggest requirement in front of us,” he said. “The 21st century will be defined by this competition between China and the United States. It is a competition that we cannot win unless we take a step forward and counter it.”
Rubio warned Thursday that it would be wasteful to spend billions of dollars on research “if the Chinese allow it to be stolen” in an attempt to add stricter counterintelligence to the law. The bill failed to get the 60 votes needed to add to the bill.
In an effort to connect manufacturing and research universities across the United States, the law aims to strengthen public-private partnerships and create regional technology centers to support up-and-coming researchers and other workers. We plan to allocate $ 10 billion.
“American technology-based economies require skilled professionals of all kinds, and EFA ensures them,” said the Association of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, who lobbyed for legislation. Stated in a statement using acronyms. For the endless frontier method.
The bill also provides a roadmap for foreign policy for future involvement with China. It calls on the Biden administration to impose sanctions on those responsible. Forced labor practices With the new ji and its surroundings, and systemic rape campaigns Forced sterilization What the Chinese government has committed against Uighur ethnic minorities in the region.
Approved by the Senate Foreign Relations Commission, the law includes measures to combat intellectual property infringement and requires a diplomatic boycott of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics.
Emily Cochrane And Nicholas Funds report.
Senate is ready to pass $ 195 billion to strengthen its competitiveness with China
Source link Senate is ready to pass $ 195 billion to strengthen its competitiveness with China