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Seresto flea-and-tick collars linked to pet deaths: Congress – Cleveland, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio 2022-06-17 13:57:43 –

(WXIN) – A Parliament panel We recommend recalling flea and tick collars associated with the death of 2,500 pets.

Economic and Consumer Policy Subcommittee of the Oversight Reform Commission Released a 24-page report this week On the collar of Celeste flea and tick.

The findings are the result of a 16-month study on the issue of a $ 70 collar designed to protect dogs and cats from fleas and ticks. Since 2013, millions of flea collars have been on sale.

Convenience is the main selling point. Most flea and tick treatments need to be applied monthly, but the collar claimed to protect dogs and cats for eight months. They were designed to release small amounts of pesticides in a matter of months.

Originally manufactured by Bayer Animal Health, owned by Elanco Animal Health, headquartered in Greenfield, Indiana, the product has 98,000 incidents and 2,500 pets with “unexpected impacts,” according to the subcommittee. It is related to death.

Approval process

The subcommittee discovered that the EPA was rushing to the collar approval process and adopted dangerous science in doing so. The EPA first recognized the potential for collar problems in 2015 and ranked Celeste collars “significantly” at number one in the case of flea and tick products.

Celest Color was nearly three times the total number of incidents and nearly five times the incidence of “death” or “serious” incidents when compared to the second most problematic flea and tick products. Canadian regulators did not approve the collar and ruled that it “has a great risk to pets and their owners.”

Despite these issues, the EPA has decided to leave the product on the market even after Celest Color has determined that it “probably or probably caused 45%” of the deaths of 251 pets reviewed by the agency. I allowed it.

Within the EPA, some officials expressed dissatisfaction with the continued availability of Celest Color and expressed reassurance in a published report. Midwest Center for Investigative Reporting and USA Today March 2021.

“I hope there is FOIA. [Freedom of Information Act request] For all communication about this so that our email will be published, “a scientist wrote. “We’ve been screaming about this for years,” another EPA official wrote, hoping that “this time someone can blow the lid off this tragedy.”

Pet, human symptoms

Collar problems included lethargy, abnormal behavior, excessive grooming and vocalization, vomiting and diarrhea in pets. Inflamed skin and lesions were also common. Some pets suffered from cramps, tremors in muscles, or loss of control of body movements.

The report shows that some pet owners, citing information from Canada’s Pest Control Authority (PMRA), noticed their symptoms and removed their collars early.

However, according to PMRA findings, pets are not the only ones at risk. From 2012 to 2015, 357 pet owners reported problems caused by collars. According to data obtained by PMRA from Bayer, there were a total of approximately 106 “serious” and “moderate” incidents.

People reported things like hives and dermatitis. Some individuals experienced respiratory and neurological effects as well as dizziness, nausea, or throat irritation. The problem was “probably or probably caused by exposure to Celest Color,” PMRA found.

Canadian agencies have decided that the only way to prevent collars from causing problems is to ban sales in Canada. PMRA has rejected Bayer’s application to sell its products within the border.

The subcommittee found that the EPA has compiled similar data, but despite “overwhelming evidence” of potential problems, U.S. agencies have approved the product and put it on the market for years. Allowed to leave.

Disregard the problem

In 2017, at least one senior official in the Trump administration sought to “suppress” concerns about the Celeste collar issue, according to whistleblowers.

“Under an order from senior EPA officials, EPA scientists have instructed two other EPA officials to stop expressing concerns about Seresto by email,” the report said. is.

From the report:

In September 2018, according to a document released at the request of the FOIA, EPA scientists reported the deaths of 125 pets associated with Celest Color in the second quarter of the year. This is “the highest number we have seen”. Scientists added that between August 30, 2017 and April 1, 2018, there were 361 deaths associated with Celest. This reflects the increasing trend of fatalities.

Things got worse in November 2018 when another EPA scientist shared third-quarter data and reported the deaths of 148 pets. Scientists have found that Celeste Color is “the only product that shows this trend.”

EPA omission

The report claimed that Bayer was aware of the collar problem. Still, the EPA suggested only “limited action” to address the issue. The agency met with Bayer in July 2019, but apparently nothing was gained from the meeting and no regulatory action was taken.

Bayer rejected suggestions such as updating the product warning label. The label has not changed. Another suggestion was to register the cat and dog collars separately so that the EPA could better track the data. Bayer has determined that this measure is too burdensome. The EPA product manager was sympathetic and agreed.

After Elanco Animal Health acquired Bayer in 2020, Celest Color “soon became Elanco’s” world’s top product, “” the report said. Bayer said it provided the new owner with all relevant data related to the collar.

Like Bayer, Elanco has not made any changes to the US label since March 2021. USA Today The report has come to light. The Colombian Celest Label classifies this product as “very toxic” and the Australian label states it as “poison”.

Panel recommendation

Elanco continued to deny the issue of collars, “taking the position that studies of the safety and toxicity of the active ingredients in collars do not support the claim that collars can cause serious harm to animals.” Said the report.

The Sub-Committee began its investigation on March 17, 2021, about nine years after the collar was approved by the regulatory agency.

After 16 months of investigation, the Sub-Committee made three main recommendations.

  • Recall the Celeste color and start the process of canceling the color registration
  • Strengthen EPA’s scientific review process
  • Improve incident data collection

“For too long, Celeste collars harm many pets and their owners,” the report concludes.

Elanco said in a March 2021 statement that it plans to take no action in the market and that adverse events in the United States remain below 0.3%. Since the product was approved by EPA, it has sold more than 25 million Celeste colors.

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