Riverside, California 2021-01-30 13:45:03 –
Austin-Jarvis Johnson did not disagree with the accusations that his efforts to abolish Texas’s “Confederate Heroes’ Day” were another example of a culture of cancellation.
Instead, he accepted it.
“I absolutely say you’re right. This is a cultural cancellation,” said Johnson, his third-term Houston Democrat at the Texas House. “There was a culture of slavery in this country, and we, the people, got together to counteract that terrifying culture.”
Jarvis ” Law to end Confederate holidays Aimed to eliminate the false glory of 19th-century leaders and what their supporters see, which caused a rebellion against the United States to prosper slavery in Texas and the South. It is one of the few bills submitted to.
Efforts to remove the grounds for the Capitol and its Confederate iconography are not new, between those who defend the Civil War monuments as a celebration of Texas heritage and those who consider them outdated and unreliable symbols. There is a risk of deepening the wedge. Racial conquest.
But it came after a summer of anxiety, after George Floyd, a black man raised in Texas, was killed by police in Minneapolis, calling for a new national call for racial reconciliation. Caused.
The effort also highlights the often overlooked aspects of the Texas Capitol’s many monuments to the Civil War. It has little to do with the actual Texas people, and has nothing to do with what actually happened in the state between 1861 and 1865.
Monuments are “too biased” towards other states
Texas has been celebrating Confederate Heroes’ Day since 1973. Prior to that, there were actually two state holidays with roots in the Civil War.
The first was January 19th, the birthday of General Robert E. Lee, who commanded the Confederates. He welcomed from Virginia. The second was June 3rd, the birthday of Mississippi Senator Jefferson Davis, before he became president of the Confederate Army.
of 22 official monuments and statues On the grounds of the Capitol, three of them commemorate the Confederates. In fact, the Civil War is the only American conflict valuing one or more monuments on an idyllic 22-acre land in the middle of downtown Austin.
The main Confederate Soldier Monument was first seen by visitors entering the Capitol grounds from the main gate, with a statue of Davis on top. Others pay home to Texas military leaders who have fought their troops in states far from Texas.
“I don’t understand Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee, who say they need to celebrate a holiday that honors non-Texas,” said Rafael Anchia, Congressman of D-Dallas. Submitted an invoice Remove statues and paintings honoring the Confederates from the Capitol and its premises.
“It’s not about Texas. They weren’t Texas,” he added. “Unless maintaining slavery is a way of life, it’s not about a way of life. I think we’re in a very different America and a very different Texas today.”
Donald Frazier, writer and professor Texas Center At Schreiner University in Kerrville, he said the effort was inadequate if the purpose of the Capitol monument and state holidays was to recognize Texas’ role in the Civil War.
“As a Texas and Civil War historian, I think the monument is a bit biased towards the eastern Virginia campaign when the majority of Texas serve in fairly disgraceful places like the west of the Mississippi River and Louisiana.” Said Frazier.
“And that expression is rarely seen in the iconography of this monument.”
Frazier, who wrote five books on Texas and the Civil War, said the conflict was “a part of our DNA as a nation.” But Texas participation went against stereotypes and went far beyond the “lost cause” myth, he said.
Confederate soldiers said, “Alternatives could be drafted because of hang-ups, property seizures, family harassment, and frogs playing some sort of terrifying role in the Confederates. It’s highly sexual, “Frager said. ..
He added that the monument does not account for about 2,000 Texans, many of the German descendants who settled in Hill Country, who fled the state to join the Union Army.
Also, they do not mention the name of Milton M. Holland, The first Native Texas to be awarded the Medal of Honor of Parliament. He may have been a former slave, the real son of his former Confederate Secretary of State Bird Holland, Texas, who fought on the Union side and sent Milton to a school in Ohio. Is high. There Milton Holland served in the military in 1863.
The Dutch Medal of Honor came after taking command of a confused unit on April 6, 1865, leading to victory despite being injured. Bird Holland After resigning as Secretary of State, he joined the Confederate Army. He was killed in a battle of almost a year until the day before the hero of Milton.
Frazier said it was up to elected leaders, not scholars, to decide which state holidays to celebrate and to choose the monument that best reflects Texas.
“I think these (monuments) are all great works of art,” he said. “But what is the message you intended to convey and is that message still relevant? It’s a political question that must be answered.”
“Who else was there?”
Rashad Jackson, principal of the Barack Obama Men’s Leadership Academy in Dallas, has an unlimited and ongoing debate about how Texas commemorates its role in the Civil War and how that era will shape the state. Said it should be.
Named after the country’s first black president, the Academy is part of the Dallas Independent School District, seeking to prepare young black men in grades 6-12 for community leadership at all levels of society. I will.
Jackson said it was important not to erase history. But he added that history must be taught in a context where students come up with a comprehensive view of the Civil War and reconstruction.
“We need to be able to say,’Who else was there and what else was happening at that time,'” said Jackson. “These are the skills we want our students to have and we teach them how to use them.”
Martha Herzog, Allied Daughters UnionIf the Capitol or other monuments portray an incomplete picture of Texas’ role in the Civil War, the answer is to add rather than destroy what has been there for decades. ..
“This is a major attack on American history,” said Herzog, a retired Austin resident. “I still believe that unspoken and unspoken achievements will be commemorated. I support it all. But destroying the monument is the best solution. I don’t feel it. “
Johnson enacting legislation to eliminate Confederate holidays House building 36He pointed out the country’s failure and said that trying to make amends was not an attack on the United States.
“I’m a proud American, and certainly a proud Texas,” he said. “But that doesn’t mean I need to be proud of that horrific past. There’s no reason to celebrate the Confederates.”
“They were put there to intimidate.”
Toniesha Taylor, president of the Department of Communication at the University of Texas Southern University, said the monument was built decades after the Civil War and reconstruction, when blacks were denied full participation in citizenship.
“They were put there to intimidate,” said Taylor, who teaches at one of Texas’s Historically Black Colleges. “To remind people that they shouldn’t be citizens. That’s not a reason for me to hold something. That’s why I put something in the museum.”
She called for “honest education, not glorious education that keeps only what people like.”
“I’m not one of those who think you should break them down, melt them, and act as if they never happened,” Taylor said. “It’s not bad, but it’s just as bad.”
Realize that “we are bad guys”
Luis de la Garza, who has taught history at the high and college levels in Laredo, said the debate about the Civil War and its impact on Texas was not literally or figuratively black and white.
He said the generation of children in Laredo grew up proudly learning to abuse. Colonel Santos Benavides, Believed to be the highest-ranked Hispanic officer in the Confederate Army. Santos led the army at the Battle of Laredo, and the Confederates repelled Union efforts to seize shipments of southern cotton for export.
“Santos Benavides is considered a local hero here,” said Deragalza, who said Laredo Elementary School bears his name.
But with the emphasis on racial reconciliation, many modern students, especially high schools and colleges, are becoming more cautious about their view of the history of the Civil War, Delagarza said.
“Now the kids are a little shocked,” he said. “They are like,’OK, we didn’t realize we were bad guys.'” But you know, yeah, we are. We were. “
Stephanie Boyce, a professor of African-American studies at the University of Houston, said seeing history from an evolving perspective makes it understandable.
“You can’t correct the past, but you can correct the idealization and commemoration,” Boyce said. “We can’t adjust what we can’t admit.”
John C. Moritz is responsible for Texas Government and Politics at the USA Today Network in Austin. Contact him at email@example.com and follow him on Twitter @JohnnieMo..
Should Texas continue tradition of honoring the Confederacy? Source link Should Texas continue tradition of honoring the Confederacy?