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Space debris in Ohio – Cleveland, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio 2021-05-07 20:11:24 –

Cleveland, Ohio (WJW) — Ohio Office for Emergency Management There are plans to respond to 31 different disasters. This includes natural disasters such as tornadoes, earthquakes and droughts. It also includes man-made disasters such as terrorism and cyber attacks.

Among the 31 potential disasters that Ohio’s EMA is preparing for, there are those that fall from the sky but are not precipitation. It’s a danger from heaven.

“One of our lesser or less dangerous-you know the risk to it, but it’s there-is Space debris, ” Ohio EMA Director Sima Merrick said. “Our hazard analysis shows that space debris is present and something is falling on a regular basis. We get a warning that an old satellite or something is falling,” Merrick said. say.

Orbiting the atmosphere above our heads is more artificial space debris than most people can imagine. NASA says There are millions of debris orbiting the earth. As of January 1, 2020, the amount of substance orbiting the earth exceeded 8,000 metric tons.

NASA tracks all debris that is larger than the size of a baseball. We are primarily concerned about the dangers if the debris could collide with a manned space capsule or a functioning satellite.

However, only one-third of the satellites currently orbiting the Earth are functioning. The rest are considered “space debris” and are constantly being added.

According to NASA, over the last 50 years, one cataloged debris has returned to Earth on average each day. Some of the debris is large enough to reach the surface of the planet, and Ohio’s Emergency Management plans to accommodate it.

Among the organizations that pay close attention to all re-entry satellites is the California-based Orbit and Re-entry Debris Research Center. The organization keeps a record of all falling satellites and provides an estimated time for re-entry. They also try to give an approximate area where debris can land.

“The re-entry rate is expected to rise significantly. For uncontrolled entry, it’s not entirely unreasonable to have space debris as a category to watch out for, as you’ll have to get off somewhere. But it’s pretty. It’s unlikely. “

In 2011, the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite returned to Earth. NASA estimated that 20 large parts would survive a re-entry. In March of this year, when the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket stage returned to Earth, amateur photographers filmed a dramatic light show in the western United States.

“And it almost certainly had an object that reached the ground. It’s a big stage. We’ve looked at how it collapses, so there’s debris on the ground somewhere in the Pacific Northwest.” Said Melhaupt.

Since the earth is mostly covered with water, anything that has fallen from space is more likely to fall into the sea.

Lotti May Williams of Tulsa, Oklahoma, was actually hit by a delta rocket debris that fell to Earth while taking a walk. She remembers hearing a buzzing sound through a tree branch before she felt the work hit her.

“Everyone was trying to get me to say it was impossible, but I knew better than that because I had it. If I didn’t have it, I would probably be the same I would have said that, but I had it, “Williams said in a 2011 interview.

Overall, the risk of space debris is high enough that Ohio is actually planning to address it, and according to Melhaupt, the risk is even greater.

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