Residents of the ancient Middle Eastern city, now known as Tall El Hammam, were doing their daily work about 3,600 years ago, resulting in an invisible icy space rock of about 38,000 mph (61,000 mph). kph) didn’t know that he was in a hurry towards them.
Flashing in the atmosphere, the rock exploded in a giant fireball about 2.5 miles (4 km) above the ground. The blast was about 1,000 times stronger than the atomic bomb in Hiroshima. The shocked city dwellers staring at it instantly became blind. Temperatures rose rapidly above 3,600 degrees Fahrenheit (2,000 degrees Celsius). Clothes and wood quickly burned. Swords, spears, mudbricks and pottery have begun to melt. Almost immediately, the entire city was on fire.
A few seconds later, a large shock wave rushed into the city. If you move at about 740mph (1,200 kph), The worst tornado ever.. A deadly wind struck the city and destroyed all the buildings. They cut off the top 40 feet (12 m) of a four-story palace and blew jumbled debris into the next valley. None of the 8,000 people or animals in the city survived — their bodies were torn and their bones were blown up into small pieces.
About a minute later, 14 miles (22 km) west of Tall El Hammam, the wind from the blast struck the biblical city of Jericho. The wall of Jericho collapsed and the city burned out.
No one was sure exactly what happened, but the layer was not caused by a volcano, earthquake, or war. None of them can melt metals, mudbricks or pottery.
To understand what we can do, our group Online impact calculator Model a scenario that fits the evidence. Built by collision experts, this computer allows researchers to estimate many details of space collision events based on known collision events and nuclear explosions.
The culprit of Tall el-Hammam seems to have been a similar small asteroid. Defeated 80 million trees In Tunguska, Russia in 1908..It would have been a much smaller version A huge mile-wide rock that has driven dinosaurs to extinction 65 million years ago.
It may be the criminal. Now we needed to prove what happened that day at Thor El Hammam.
Find “diamonds” in the soil
Our research reveals a very wide range of evidence.
At the site, there are finely crushed grains of quartz called shocked quartz, and the pressure is only formed at 725,000 pounds (5 gigapascals) per square inch. Imagine six. 68 ton Abrams military tank Stacked on your thumb.
The destruction layer also contains small ones Diamond As the name implies, it is as hard as a diamond. Each is small From influenza virus.. The trees and plants in this area seem to have instantly turned into this diamond-like material due to the high and high temperatures of the fireballs.
Experiments in an experimental furnace have shown that Tall El Hammam’s frothy pottery and mudbrick liquefy at temperatures above 2,700 F (1,500 C).It’s hot enough Melt the car Within minutes.
The fracture layer also contains small balls of molten material that are smaller than the suspended dust particles. Small sphere called, They are made of vaporized iron and sand melted at about 2,900 F (1,590 C).
In addition, the surface of the pottery and melt glass is spotted with small molten metal particles containing iridium. Melting point of 4,435F (2,466 C), platinum Melts at 3,215F (1,768 C) and 2,800F zirconium silicate (1,540 ° C).
Taken together, all this evidence shows that the temperature of the city was higher than the temperature of volcanoes, wars and normal city fires. The only natural process left is the impact on the universe.
One of the remaining puzzles is why cities and more than 100 other settlements have been abandoned for centuries after this devastation. It is possible that the crop could not be grown due to high levels of salt deposited during the collision. It’s not clear yet, but we believe the explosion may have evaporated or scattered toxic levels of Dead Sea salt water throughout the valley. Without crops, no one could live in the valley for up to 600 years until the minimal rainfall in this desert-like climate washed the salt out of the fields.
Did the blast witnesses survive?
Oral explanations of the destruction of the city may have been passed down for generations until it was recorded as the story of Sodom in the Bible.Bible Explain the devastation of the city center Near the Dead Sea — Stones and fire fell from the sky, Several cities were destroyed, heavy smoke rose from the fire, and the inhabitants of the city were killed.
Is this the testimony of an ancient witness? If so, the destruction of Tall El Hammam may be the second oldest destruction of human settlements due to a space collision event. Syrian Abu Freira about 12,800 years ago.. Importantly, it may be the first written record of such a catastrophic event.
The scary thing is that the human city is arguably not the last to meet this fate.
Tunguska-sized scatters, such as those that occurred in Tall El Hammam, can devastate cities and regions as a whole, pose a serious danger to our time. As of September 2021 Over 26,000 known near-Earth asteroids And 100 short-period near-Earth comets. People inevitably collide with the earth. Millions more remain undetected, and some may now be heading to Earth.
Unless an orbital or ground-based telescope detects these rogue objects, the world may not be warned, like the people of Thor El Hammam.
This article was originally published in The Conversation. This publication contributed an article to Live Science’s Expert Voices: Op-Ed & Insights.
Space rock, which destroyed the ancient city, may have influenced Sodom’s Bible story
Source link Space rock, which destroyed the ancient city, may have influenced Sodom’s Bible story