Statements of the United States, India, Japan and Australia on the Indo-Pacific

US President Joe Biden will hold the Quad Leaders Summit on September 24, 2021 in the East Room of the White House in Washington, DC, with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, and Japanese Prime Minister Suga Yoshii. I will host it.

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Without mentioning China, leaders of four large democracies in the United States, India, Japan and Australia have repeatedly reiterated their commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific region that “does not give in to coercion.” bottom.

President of the United States Joe Biden Hosting the Quad Leaders Summit on Friday, Prime Ministers of India, Japan and Australia gathered in Washington, DC for their first face-to-face meeting.

“Together, we promise to be rooted in international law, to promote free and open rule-based order without hesitation, and to enhance security and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific and beyond.” And Biden with India Narendra Modi, Japan’s Yoshihide Suga and Australia’s Scott Morrison said in a joint statement.

The statement did not mention the growing influence in China and the region. Become more aggressive in the fiercely contested South China Sea And patrol the East China Sea, and the waters there on a regular basis.

“We support the rule of law, freedom of navigation and flight, peaceful resolution of conflicts, democratic values, and national territorial integrity,” they added.

The four countries have an alliance called Japan-US-Australia-India Strategic Dialogue, or Quad, It positions itself as committed to a free, open and comprehensive Indo-Pacific.

“Fate to fail”

In some circles, the quad is partly considered Beijing’s anti-China alliance Increasingly aggressive movements in the East China Sea When The South China Sea in recent years.

Quad members Participated in joint naval exercises And step up Mutual defense partnership..

However, the group avoided explicitly mentioning China in its official statement and instead Common issues such as Covid-19 and global health, infrastructure and climate change..

Click here for details: Read a complete report on CNBC’s Quad project, including data visualizations, maps, and timelines

Still, Beijing’s presence remains overhanging.

Hirsch Pants, Head of Strategic Research Program at the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi, reveals China’s presence in all initiatives quad member states want to pursue, including vaccine diplomacy, infrastructure, technical cooperation and maritime security. Said that.

“The idea is to offer an alternative to what these countries are trying to offer through their own models,” Pants told CNBC on Monday. For many small states in the Indo-Pacific, he explained that the current choice is either to pursue China or to do nothing.

In beijing Ambitious Belt and Road Initiative It is designed to expand China’s global influence by building rail and maritime trade routes connecting China with Central Asia, Europe and Africa.

China believes the Quad Alliance is “destined to fail.”

Zhao Lijian, a spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, said in a press conference on Friday before the quad leaders’ meeting, “A closed and exclusive faction targeting other countries is contrary to the trends of the times and the desires of regional countries. “.

“It can’t find support and is destined to fail,” he added.

New and existing initiatives

Quad Announced several new initiatives on Friday and vowed to step up to existing commitments..

They include:

COVID-19 vaccine
The United States, India, Japan and Australia have promised to donate more than 1.2 billion Covid-19 vaccines worldwide. This is in addition to shots already funded by four countries through an international vaccine access facility for low-income countries known as Covax. India, one of the world’s largest producers of vaccines, said it will resume vaccine exports next month.

Quad Infrastructure Coordination Group
Leaders have announced a group that will coordinate efforts to build high quality infrastructure and provide technical assistance to regional partners to meet the needs of infrastructure in the Indo-Pacific region.

Climate change initiatives
Addressing climate change is one of the main issues in the quad. The group has announced several steps, including the formation of a green shipping network in which major ports in each country work together to reduce carbon emissions from the shipping value chain.

Important new technology
Quad has announced plans to map and identify vulnerabilities in critical new technologies such as 5G and establish semiconductor supply chain initiatives to protect access to semiconductors and their critical components.

Shikoku plans to cooperate in space technology by establishing a new working group to discuss how to exchange earth observation satellite data and analyze climate change risk.

Statements of the United States, India, Japan and Australia on the Indo-Pacific

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