Stock Futures Hold Declines After Jobs Report

U.S. stock futures declined Friday after the latest employment report showed the U.S. labor market added jobs at a strong but slower clip in May.

Futures for the S&P 500 slipped 0.9%. Contracts for the tech-focused Nasdaq-100 fell 1.4% and futures for the Dow Jones Industrial Average declined 0.6%.

In bond markets, the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note ticked up to 2.952% from 2.914% Thursday. Yields and prices move inversely. 

U.S. employers added 390,000 jobs last month, while the unemployment rate remained 3.6%. Economists surveyed by The Wall Street Journal expected employers added 328,000 jobs last month, down from 428,000 in April. And they saw the unemployment rate falling slightly to 3.5%, which would have matched a 53-year low and its level in February 2020 before the Covid-19 pandemic became widespread in the U.S.

Fed officials are closely monitoring the state of the labor market as they decide how much and how quickly to raise interest rates in the coming months. 

One point of concern for officials is that a strong labor market will add to elevated inflation as competition for workers boosts wage-bargaining power. Fed Vice Chairwoman

Lael Brainard

said Thursday that she supported plans to raise interest rates by a half-percentage point at a meeting later this month and again in July. 

Frank Øland, global chief strategist at Danske Bank, said he would be looking to see whether wages grew last month. That—plus a slowdown in hiring—could cause markets to falter, he said. 

“That’s an unfortunate cocktail,” he said. “Then we have inflation getting more broad-based, and then the Fed will continue to tighten.”

Amid a record hiring streak in the U.S., economists are watching for signs of a possible wave turn. WSJ’s Anna Hirtenstein looks at how rising interest rates over high inflation, market selloffs and recession risks challenge the growth of America’s workforce. Photo: Olivier Douliery/AFP

In premarket trading, shares of


fell 4.6% after Reuters reported that Chief Executive

Elon Musk

is looking to cut staff at the electric car maker. Mr. Musk earlier this week told employees to return to the office or seek employment elsewhere

On Thursday, stocks rallied in a choppy session and had been on track to close out the week with gains. A potential decline in markets after the New York opening bell Friday could diminish those. 

Markets have experienced heightened volatility in recent months as investors have tried to assess a mix of variables that has clouded their outlook and added to fears of a recession. 

A tightening of financial conditions by the Fed might damp inflation but also risks weighing on growth and the housing market. Russia’s war against Ukraine and China’s zero-Covid policy have added to supply-chain disruptions, further stoking inflation.

Oil prices also remain above $100 a barrel, adding to the cost of energy and fuel. Futures for Brent crude, the global oil benchmark, edged up 0.1% to $117.72 a barrel. 

“You have a really strong U.S. economy now but we have this really high inflation not coming down,” Mr. Øland said. “Eventually that will bring consumers to a point where they might say let’s look at our budget and maybe tighten a bit here and there. If everyone holds back a bit, you’re moving toward recession.”

Overseas, the pan-continental Stoxx Europe 600 was roughly flat. Markets in the U.K., Hong Kong and China were closed for holidays. Japan’s Nikkei 225 closed 1.3% higher, while South Korea’s Kospi added 0.4%.

Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.


Michael Nagle/Bloomberg News

Write to Caitlin Ostroff at

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