Viral infections are self-limiting. When the body’s immune system wins the battle, the body is expected to recover soon. However, many who are recovering from coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in 2019 will experience persistent symptoms that can last for months.
Called “long-distance carriers,” these individuals experience a variety of symptoms, including dyspnea, coughing, and malaise.
Currently, researchers at the Wuhan Infectious Diseases Diagnosis and Treatment Research Center at the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in China have revealed that some patients who have recovered from COVID-19 are experiencing symptoms that persist for more than 6 months. ..
in the investigation, Lancet, The team sought to identify the long-term health effects of COVID-19. In addition, they wanted to explain the long-term health effects of discharged COVID-19 patients.
The study involved more than 1,700 patients treated in Wuhan, the first epicenter of the first outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic in late 2019. It was found that 76% suffered from at least one symptom after discharge.
Initially, there were 2,469 patients, some of whom were excluded from the study. Approximately 33 patients died after discharge due to complications of cor pulmonale, heart disease, and kidney disease, and 25 patients were readmitted due to complications of underlying disease. One of these patients had to be readmitted due to acute pulmonary embolism due to deep vein thrombosis (DVT). During that time, three patients developed ischemic stroke.
The researchers conducted a bidirectional cohort study of patients with confirmed COVID-19 who were discharged from Jin Intan Hospital between January 7, 2020 and May 29, 2020. They conducted patient interviews using a series of symptom questionnaires. Evaluation and health-related quality of life. The patient also underwent a physical examination, a 6-minute walk test, and a blood test.
The follow-up was conducted from June 16, 2020 to September 3, 2020.
Research results show that even people who have recovered from COVID-19 can suffer from long-term health effects. Approximately 73% of patients reported at least one symptom at follow-up, with a higher proportion seen in women. Approximately 63% of respondents experienced fatigue or weakness, 26% experienced sleep disorders, and 23% experienced anxiety and depression.
Patients with more serious illnesses also tended to continue lung damage, as seen on x-rays. They showed more severe pulmonary diffusion dysfunction and abnormal chest imaging symptoms.
In particular, 13% of patients who did not have acute renal failure during hospitalization showed signs of renal dysfunction.
Research results show that many patients survive with some of the effects of the virus after recovery. These symptoms can interfere with daily activities and adversely affect quality of life.
As far as we know, this is the largest cohort study and the longest follow-up period to assess the health effects of discharged adult patients who have recovered from COVID-19, “the researchers said.
Researchers said it was important to carry out larger follow-up studies not only in China, but also in other countries that reported cases of COVID-19.
Even six months after the onset of symptoms, fatigue, weakness, sleep disorders, anxiety and depression were found to be common. This is in line with previous SARS long-term follow-up data, “they conclude.
The researchers said the findings support the need for post-discharge care because people with severe illness experience more persistent symptoms.
A longer follow-up in a larger population is needed to understand the full extent of the health effects of COVID-19. “
COVID-19 Global Toll
Coronavirus disease currently infects 191 countries and territories around the world. The number of cases worldwide has exceeded 91.77 million. The death toll has reached 1.96 million and the number of people who have recovered has reached 50.76 million.
The United States reports that COVID-19 has the highest number of cases, with more than 22.86 million and 381,000 deaths. Other countries with the highest number of cases include India with more than 10.49 million cases, Brazil with 8.19 million cases, Russia with 3.43 million cases and the United Kingdom with 3.17 million cases.
Studies have found that survivors of COVID-19 may show persistent symptoms 6 months after recovery.
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