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Sunflower oil shortage: why are the prices so high? What can I use instead?

Russia’s attack on Ukraine led to a decline in sunflower oil exports, but vegetable oil prices were already at record highs


health


April 8, 2022

Sunflower oil is now more expensive

Hleb Usovich / Alamy

One of the global consequences of Russia’s attack on Ukraine is the lack of sunflower oil.Some restaurants in Germany reportedly Stopped selling chips This is because cooking oil is hard to come by. This is what you need to know.

Why is there a shortage of sunflower oil in some countries?

About 80% of sunflower oil exports come from Ukraine and Russia.Exports from Ukraine fell 95 percent due to Russian attack, Jefgen Osipov of trading company kernel Told Bloomberg TV April 5th. Russia is still exporting oil, Imposing quotas from April 15th..

Can I use other vegetable oils instead?

Many food producers have already done this.But world vegetable oil prices Already the best ever Increased demand for pre-war and other oils (most commonly rapeseed (canola), soybeans, palms) is pushing up their prices even further. Thomas Alcock of the Technische Universität München, Germany, said palm oil is the cheapest and is likely to be the major alternative oil worldwide.

Why was the price already so high?

A combination of increasing global demand due to people becoming wealthy, increasing use of vegetable oils as biofuels, and supply problems associated with pandemics and extreme weather events. For example, the heat wave in Canada last year has hit rapeseed yields.

Is there anything I can do to fill the shortage?

Yes.Around the world 15% of vegetable oil turns into biofuel For government subsidies and obligations.For example, the European Union Convert 3.5 million tons of palm oil to biodiesel every year, About the same amount of sunflower oil exported by Ukraine and Russia. Suspending or terminating biodiesel subsidies may increase the amount available for food use.

How long will the price remain high?

No one can say for sure because it depends on everything from what is happening in Ukraine to what other countries are doing. Osypov predicts that Ukraine will reduce sunflower oil production by 40% this year, and it is not yet known how much it can export.

Are alternative oils more or less healthy?

Mono-unsaturated or poly-unsaturated fats I thought it was better Than us Saturated fat.. Of the other major vegetable oils produced worldwide, rapeseed oil has less saturated fat than sunflower oil, soybean oil is slightly higher, and palm oil is considerably higher. However, vegetable oils are a complex mixture of chemicals, and their health effects are difficult to measure directly.

Is sunflower oil especially suitable for deep-fried foods?

in the meantime sunflower Oils can be heated to higher temperatures before they start smoking than other oils and are rich in polyunsaturated fats. break down To the compound Aldehyde etc. When heated. These compounds usually have a bad taste and smell and are harmful to your health.

So which oil is best for cooking?

The taste varies, but monosaturated and saturated fats are more thermally stable. Canola oil and olive oil contain high levels of monounsaturated fats such as oleic acid.Traditional breeding and genetic modification have also been used to make soybeans, safflowers and sunflowers. That oil has higher levels of oleic acid.. Some food companies are already using high oleic acid oil in their fried foods because the oil does not need to be changed frequently.

Is substituting other oils such as rapeseed a problem for people with allergies?

It is rapeseed pollen that causes allergic reactions in some people.Refined canola oil should not be Contains pollen.. According to the Food Standards Agency The risk of severe allergic reactions is negligible..

Are alternative oils more or less environmentally friendly?

according to Recent research by AlcockAn average of 2.9 kilograms of carbon dioxide is emitted per kilogram of sunflower oil produced. Canola oil weighs 2.5 kg, palm oil weighs 3.7 kg, and soybean oil weighs 4.3 kg.The main factor that determines emissions is where the crop is grown, with soybeans. Oil palm It is often cultivated in logging areas of the rainforest.

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Sunflower oil shortage: why are the prices so high? What can I use instead?

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