Denver

Survivor shares memories of Camp Amache as fight begins to preserve historic site – Denver, Colorado

Denver, Colorado 2021-05-30 09:00:56 –

Grenada, Coro — Survivors of Amachi, who spent three years in concentration camps, are working hard to preserve it as new bipartisan legislation prepares to designate Camp Amachi as a national historic site.

In 1942, Japanese Americans were displaced and placed in 10 internment camps in a small town in the western United States. One was Grenada, Colorado.

Officially known as the Grenada Migration Center, it was later changed to Camp Amache.

Americans forced to live there say the camp has painful memories.

“They didn’t tell us where we were going or what the situation would be,” said 91-year-old Amachi survivor Bob Fuchigami. “I knew I was in Colorado, but they told me I didn’t know where they were.”

Fuchigami grew up on a 20-acre fruit and vegetable farm in Yuba City, California. He was the seventh of eight siblings.

“We were as loyal and patriotic Americans as everyone else and lived a normal life. Then Pearl Harbor came and we were more surprised than anyone else,” said FFF. Said.

Life did not change for some time until President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942, essentially allowing the detention of thousands of Japanese-Americans. ..

“The explanation they gave us was that it was a’military necessity’. Well, it’s an ambiguous word that allows them to do whatever they want. They are us. I was given six days to dispose of everything I had, but it was difficult to do, which means there is a lifelong stack, “said the FFF.

His father said he had found a local teacher who agreed to take care of the farm.

“He (teacher) wrote a lease, but included the option to buy,” FFF said. “He exercised the purchase option and got everything. He got our house and all the furniture and got the land, farm equipment and tractors at a very low price.”

Around the same time, Fuchigami was 12 years old and his family was forced to go to Merced County Fairgrounds in Merced, California.

“They built barracks and used stables when they didn’t have enough space. They lived there for about three months and moved to Amachi in September,” says F. Ue, who was moved.

He said he remembers arriving at night.

“At that time, there was no lighting in the camp, so they kept us on the train,” he said. We had to take a truck and were about 1.6 km (1 mile) away from the town of Grenada, so the first thing we saw was just a barracks. ”

According to FFF, more than 7,000 Americans living in Granada Relocation Center have done everything they can to form a community in three years.

“We built a school. There were some so-called entertainment facilities in each block, but it wasn’t a good place to live,” said FF. “The military said,’During the war. I’m going to be here, “but I didn’t know how long the war would last.”

The FFF said a tragedy struck while living in Granada Relocation Center.

“My mother had a stroke. My dad fell off the truck and broke his back.” If we were on the farm, this might have happened, but we lost everything. I’m sure they’re part of what happened to my family. They didn’t really recover. “

Currently ongoing conservation activities

For the past 30 years, John Hopper, director of the Amachi Conservation Society, has been working to preserve the story of Camp Amachi.

Not only does he volunteer and run Amache MuseumHopper is also the principal of Grenada High School and teaches children about the history of the site.

“When I first started doing this, it was a kind of educational thing. I grew up 60 miles from here. My mother knew and worked with a Japanese American from Amachi, so a little I knew, “said Hopper. I went. And that’s more than that. “

Hopper spends hours each week touring the Granada Relocation Center, welcoming visitors to the museum.

He says the history of Apache has become very personal to him.

“I’ve become emotionally attached to the individuals and families here, and when I hear them, I’m overwhelmed. That’s part of me,” said Hopper. ..

Hopper said many visitors knew the amazing facts of Amachi and lost everything, but many who lived in Amachi still chose to serve the country.

“The Granada Relocation Center was the smallest of the 10 concentration camps, but it was the largest volunteer for the US military,” Hopper said. “The Japanese-American unit was the one that was awarded the most medals in World War II. In fact, there are Medal of Honor recipients. There are also 31 men who died in battle for the United States from Amachi. I will. “

After the war, Amachi survivors continued to serve with volunteers, including Bob Fuchigami.

After Amachi

[1945年にキャンプアマチが閉鎖されたとき、多くの生存者は新しい家を必要としていました。グレナダから3時間半の距離にあるデンバー市が自然に選ばれた人もいます。

「当時、(ラルフ)カー知事はこう言いました。『私たちは人々をこのように扱うべきではありません。 もしあなたが日系アメリカ人にそれをすることができるなら、彼らが他の人にそれをするのを誰が阻止することができるだろうか?」 「それで、人々はそのことを覚えていて、コロラドは私たちが行くことができる唯一の場所だと言いました。」

F F family上は、彼の家族はグリーリーを自分の家にすることに決めたと言った。 移転後まもなく、彼はアメリカ海軍に入隊した。

F F F上氏は、数年前に海軍時代について語ったレジス大学の学生たちにスピーチをしたことを覚えていると言った。

「質問に答えてみたところ、聴衆の中に黒人の学生がいて、彼はこう言いました。『彼らがあなたにしたことを全部やったのに、なぜ海軍に入るのですか?』」 私は「それはいい質問だ。 私はそのことについて考えてきました…これが私の国であり、これがあなたの国であり、これが私たちの国であり、あなたの国があなたに戦う必要があるときは、答えてください」と F F F上は言った. 「私は言った、おそらくあなたと同じ理由で。あなたは 2 つの任務のためにアフガニスタンで戦った。あなたの人々がこの国でどのように扱われてきたかについてはどうだろう? あなたはおそらく私と同じ理由で行った。これが私たちの国だ —あなたのもの、私のもの、この部屋にいる全員」

F F F上氏によると、この国は人種や背景を問わず、アメリカ人がどのように扱われるかという点で長い道のりを歩んできた. しかし、まだ進展が見られると彼は言った。

「この国では、今でも多くの虐待が行われています」と F F F上氏は語った。 「でも、時代は変わりました。今では、『もうこの種のことに我慢するつもりはない』と言う人がたくさんいます。 私たちの人々が虐待されている場合、私たちは声を上げます。 我々は抗議するつもりであり、あなたは一度はやったが、二度とやろうとはしないと言うつもりだ.」

F F F上は、今こそ過去の害を修復し始める時だと言いました。 彼の希望は、この国がすべての地上の持ち物を奪われ、アメリカ国内の強制収容所に何年も投獄されたアメリカ市民を称えるためにできる限りのことをすることです。

アマチを保存するための全国的な取り組み

2021 年 4 月 14 日、民主党下院議員のジョー ネグスと共和党下院議員のケン バックは、キャンプ アマチを国の史跡に指定する超党派の法案を提出しました。

F F F上は、これを主張するために議会委員会の前で証言した。 「グレナダ高校の地元の高校生は、墓地を見守り、地域を保護するのを手伝っていますが、彼らは一人で立つことはできません。 彼らは、この場所が保護され、保存され、将来の世代のために解釈されることを保証するために、国立公園局を必要としています。」



Survivor shares memories of Camp Amache as fight begins to preserve historic site Source link Survivor shares memories of Camp Amache as fight begins to preserve historic site

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