Spring and summer are fun for some and scary for others, as they exhibit many of the symptoms of the allergic season.
These two seasons are associated with allergic problems, as many pollens and spores from trees and grass can float in the air and cause allergic symptoms. The season of allergies varies from person to person, depending on the location, the trees of the season, and the specific pollen in the air they live and work in. For example, ragweed pollen is common in the fall months, so people who are sensitive to this particular pollen develop allergic symptoms only in the fall.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said: 19.2 million adults and 5.2 million children Symptoms of hay fever were reported in the United States during the year. These numbers show that the symptoms of the allergic season are common to all age groups.
Symptoms of seasonal allergies include wheezing, itching, runny nose, swelling of the eyes, and inflammation. They often require close monitoring by medical professionals to ensure accurate diagnosis and prevent severe immune responses in sensitive individuals.
In this article, an experienced primary care physician, Dr. Christopher Ose, describes the characteristics of common allergic season symptoms and how to manage them.
Symptoms of common allergic season
Symptoms of allergy season It manifests itself in different ways and degrees, depending on the sensitivity of the individual’s immune system. Medications can help relieve some of these symptoms, but other medications may need to avoid exposure to the trigger. People with hay fever may have one or more of these symptoms.
Itching occurs when mast cells, a type of white blood cell in the body, release a chemical called histamine. Itching can be localized or generalized to specific areas such as the eyes, nose, and skin, depending on the area of the body that is exposed to the allergen.
2. Dry cough
Throat irritation due to post-nasal drip causes a characteristic dry cough that correlates with allergies. Post-nasal drip is the flow of accumulated fluid and mucus from behind the nasal passages into the throat.
Wheezing is the most commonly heard whistling sound in asthmatics and patients with airway hypersensitivity. The influx of respiratory allergens causes the release of fluid and mucus that accumulates and blocks the small airways of the lungs.
4. Runny nose
Allergens in the inhaled air cause the production of fluid that accumulates in the nose and is expelled. Nasal secretions are often clear, but can appear mucoid.
This is a reflex reaction by foreign matter such as pollen, dust, and other air particles in the nose. Sneezing acts as a defense mechanism to expel inhaled airborne allergens, which are nasal irritants.
6. Swollen eyes
Allergens exposed to the eye stimulate a local inflammatory response as well as swelling of the tissues of the eye. For some people, this may be associated with watery eyes. This is a body method for flushing foreign objects in the eyes.
7. Sore throat
The inhaled allergen causes the formation of liquid and thick mucus, which collects in the nose, runs down the throat and causes sore throat.
8. Red eyes
A local inflammatory response in the eye increases blood flow, which manifests itself as redness and discomfort in the eye.
Classic dull headaches can occur when inflammatory fluids and mucus block the sinuses, the space of the skull.
How to treat seasonal symptoms of allergies
The Asthma and Allergy Foundation (AAFA) said: Treatment of allergy season It requires a multidimensional approach and depends on the presence of medical conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD). Both of these affect the severity of symptoms. Different classes of drugs are used to treat allergies, and the affected body parts determine the route of administration of the drug. For example, nasal congestion requires topical treatments such as nasal drops, while anti-inflammatory eye drops treat allergy-induced eye swelling.
Is it possible to prevent symptoms during the allergic season?
To avoid allergens or reduce exposure to allergens, use the following methods.
- Wear a pollen mask to avoid exposure to pollen
- Stay indoors on stormy days
- Avoid crowded rooms
- If someone nearby coughs or sneezes, cover your nose.
- Install an air purifier to remove airborne particles in your house
- Use warm saline to wash away airborne particles inhaled into the nose
Allergy season symptom medicine
Antihistamine: These drugs block the effects of histamine in tissues and help stop the symptoms of itching regardless of location in the body.Studies conducted to evaluate Efficacy of Oral Antihistamines Urticaria (allergic skin disease) showed a significant improvement in the symptoms of subjects treated with antihistamines.
Corticosteroid: These are anti-inflammatory drugs that locally or generally reduce inflammatory reactions, especially swelling in the body. Corticosteroids are available in a variety of forms, including nasal drops, oral tablets, and creams. Nasal corticosteroids are sprays used to reduce swelling of nasal tissue.
Doctors prescribe oral corticosteroids to reduce the general inflammatory response in the body, and the cream is for skin reactions.
Another study conducted in Effects of intranasal steroids Study participants who received intranasal steroids to relieve the symptoms of hay fever showed improvement in these symptoms.
Nasal congestion remover: These are nasal drops used to relieve stuffy nose due to the accumulation of water and mucus. Nasal decongestants are used for up to 3 days. This is because long-term use may increase the risk of nasal swelling due to the rebound effect.
Mast cell stabilizer: This class of drugs prevents mast cells from releasing histamine. This causes local or systemic itching.
Allergic immunotherapy: This treatment involves the administration of certain allergens into the body with the aim of reducing the hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system. This requires that individuals be given allergic shots on a regular basis over time to reduce their susceptibility to certain allergens. Allergic immunotherapy is used only for severe allergies or when medication alone cannot control symptoms. Allergic immunotherapy is best given before the allergic season begins to prepare the immune system.
Seasonal symptoms of allergies vary from person to person. Since these symptoms are non-specific and can cause life-threatening reactions such as anaphylaxis, it is imperative to seek the help of a doctor for professional evaluation and advice.
Symptoms of 9 major allergic seasons
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