The author of “Forget Alamo” says that all Texas origin stories are wrong: NPR

Visitors are roaming outside Alamo in San Antonio, Texas.

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Visitors are roaming outside Alamo in San Antonio, Texas.

Jill Torrance / Getty Images

Do you remember Alamo? According to Texas folklore, it is the location of San Antonio, where about 180 Texas rebels died to protect the country during the Texas War of Independence from Mexico in 1836.

Alamo’s siege was impressively portrayed in the Walt Disney series and the 1960 starring movie. John Wayne.. But the three writers, all Texas, say they overlook the fact that the general story of the Texas Revolution was partly done to ensure that slavery was maintained.

“Slavery was the unmistakable cornerstone of all this,” says author Brian Burrow. “It was a 15-year discussion and shooting by both sides, but I’m still surprised that slavery hasn’t been considered for such a long time.”

In their new book Forget the alamo, Barrow and co-author Chris Tomlinson Jason Stanford disagrees with the general misconceptions surrounding the conflict. David Crockett He was a martyr who fought to death instead of surrendering.

“Currently, most scholars are, in fact, based on Mexican accounting and modern accounting. [Crockett] He surrendered and was executed, “says Barrow.

Alamo’s story was at the heart of “the creation myth of Texas as a whole,” says Barrow. However, he added that it was a past time to critically view the “heroic Anglo story” associated with the site.

“One of the most important reasons, according to census data, is that Latino Americans are ready to become a majority in Texas,” he says. “So if there was a time when there was a lively public conversation … about this, about the location of Alamo in our history, about the history of Texas itself, we were it now. I hope. “

Interview highlights

How Texas history often fails to deal with slavery

I’m still surprised that slavery hasn’t been considered for a long time. But you need to understand. The Texas rebellion was largely ignored by scholars for 150 years. This is because it is considered a declasse, a state, and is the same as what the Texas government is currently doing. For 120 or 130 years, it’s very clear that we want the faculties of the University of Texas and the faculties of other state universities to teach only one type of Texas history … and you’re at their boundaries. If you go out, you’ll hear about it from Congress.

How Mexican-Americans were written primarily from Texas history

Tejanos who was a Texian Major allies and many of them died fighting in Alamo, but were completely written out from generations of Texas history. [as it was] Written by Anglo writers. This was very much reflected in the kind of ethnic cleansing that took place after the revolution. There, hundreds of Tejanos were pushed out of San Antonio, land was taken in Victoria and existing towns, and legislation was passed against the ability to marry white women. Get a public office.

About the myth that Alamo’s defenders fought to death

[Mexican Gen. Antonio López de] Santa Anna is heading north with an army of 6,000 people. [The Alamo defenders have] Probably 200 men on an essentially undefended Spanish field mission.Why was this big mystery always on earth [Lt. Col. William] With Travis [James] Bowie stays, and there is probably the best argument out there, as they believe that enhancements will come. Every other day, they send these obvious and dramatic letters asking for reinforcements that generally never came.

But what’s really confusing is that Travis and Bowie are alerted to progress almost every day in the two weeks before the arrival of St. Anna’s army in San Antonio. They know they’re coming, but they still stay there. It makes no sense why they stayed there, except for the fact that they are generally men who have never participated in the war. You get the feeling that Travis never believes that something bad can happen to him. So the idea of ​​Mexican soldiers appearing and killing them all seems like the idea that he somehow didn’t really accept what happened to cheer them up safely. And of course, that doesn’t happen. And, of course, this leads to one of the great myths. It’s the courage of Alamo’s defenders, how they fought to death, and everything. And when you look at the facts, they never made the conscious decision to fight to death. There were no lines in the sand drawn. …

What we now know is that Mexican accounts (accounts from Mexican officers and soldiers) have been revealed in the last 50 years, and the number is one-third to one-half. It shows that. [of] Texas defenders actually broke and ran. They jumped out into the open, where they suddenly went out of control and were killed by the Mexican cavalry. Well, neither we nor the scholarly authors who first found this do say that this means that everyone was a coward. The place just overrun. Not everyone fought to death on the spot, as generations of historians have taught us.

How the 1960 John Wayne movie Alamo mission Perpetuated these myths

[Wayne] Basically he made the movie when America collapsed, went to dogs, and someone had to confront what are today called “patriotic values,” “family values,” and “American values.” Because I truly believed that there was. And that’s pretty clear too … [Wayne] An enthusiastic pro-Nixon and enthusiastic anti-Kennedy in the 1960 presidential election, in his mind this kind of gigantic cry from American patriot values ​​somehow John F. Kennedy. I believed I could beat Kennedy.

The movie most reviewers will tell you is a mess.It makes everything permanent Alamo myth. Still, it spoke to a particular section of American and international viewers. Above all, that was what made Alamo an international icon.

How the Anglo-centric story of Alamo’s history affected Latin children

Mexican-American children can grow up in Texas, believing they are American, using the Statue of Liberty and more. When I was in 7th grade, I was taught that, in essence, if you were Mexican, your ancestors killed David Crockett. Of the original sin of Texas creation myth. It has been used for generations to defeat Mexican-Americans. A big plump white man approached a small Mexican man, hit his arm and said, “I remember Alamo.”

Surprisingly, perhaps the Texas media is still dominated by Anglo and the Texas government, so that perspective has never really become mainstream. … in general, they have been yelled at every time a Latin voice came out and questioned the traditional Anglo story.

Roberta Shortrock and Joel Wolfram created and edited this interview for broadcast. Bridget Bentz and Molly Seavy-Nesper have adapted it to the web.

The author of “Forget Alamo” says that all Texas origin stories are wrong: NPR

Source link The author of “Forget Alamo” says that all Texas origin stories are wrong: NPR

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