The pandemic probably caused the largest decline in life expectancy in the United States since 1945 – Research | US News

The coronavirus pandemic probably caused the worst decline in life expectancy in the United States since World War II, and the decline in blacks and Hispanics worsened disproportionately, a new study published in the British Medical Journal. Found.

Between 2018 and 2020, the life expectancy of Americans fell by 1.87, 8.5 times worse than the life expectancy of 16 peer countries, the sharpest decline since World War II.

This decline is expected to exacerbate the life expectancy gap between the United States and other developed countries, and some pandemics have increased life expectancy.

“When the pandemic happened, my naive assumption was that it wouldn’t have a significant impact on the existing gap between the United States and other countries,” said the lead study at Virginia Commonwealth University Center. The author and honorary director, Dr. Stephen Woolf, said. Society and health.

“It’s a pandemic and I thought every country would be hit. What I didn’t expect was how terrible the United States would be in a pandemic, and what the United States would experience. It was a huge death toll, “he said.

Since 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic in the United States has killed more than 600,000 people. Vaccination efforts have significantly reduced new cases and deaths, but the number of victims continues to increase. Racial and ethnic minorities and low-income earners have a high rate of infection and mortality and suffer disproportionately.

The study “focuses on the root causes of racial inequality in health, wealth and well-being. The most important of these root causes is systematic racism,” the authors write. writing. They further show that “extensive research shows that the US power system creates opportunities and assigns value in ways that unfairly disadvantage blacks, Hispanics, Asia, and indigenous peoples, and unfairly benefit whites. “

According to a study released by the BMJ, Hispanic and black individuals were significantly affected by the pandemic, compared to a 1.36 year decrease in white individuals, 3.88 and 325 years, respectively. Has lost life expectancy.

This study is a collaboration between Woolf and researchers at the University of Colorado and the Urban Institute in Washington, DC. The findings are in close agreement with peer-reviewed studies published in other journals, suggesting that life expectancy in the United States could be significantly reduced. With peer country As a result of the disjointed reaction of the United States to the pandemic.

Researchers compared life expectancy data from 2010 to 2018 with simulated life expectancy data from 2020. Human mortality databaseAn internationally focused life expectancy research project based at the University of California, Berkeley’s Department of Demography and the German Maxplanck Institute for Demographics.

They found that the United States was significantly worse than the rest of the world. Between 2010 and 2018, the difference in life expectancy between the United States and peers widened from 1.88 to 3.05. In 2020, the gap widened again in 1.87, and with a significant decline, the gap between the United States and its peers widened in 4.69.

The dramatic decline in life expectancy for black and Hispanic individuals has wiped out more than a decade of progress in closing the racial gap in life expectancy. Black American men can expect a life expectancy of 67.73 years, which is comparable to the life expectancy of this group in 1998.

The National Center for Health Statistics did not collect data on these racial groups, so researchers could not estimate the impact on life expectancy of Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, or Asians.

Last year, researchers and experts have linked the extraordinary death toll in the United States to problems as long and complex as unequal opportunities for underinvestment in color and public health. The authors also noted that a significant proportion of people infected with Covid-19 may have “long-distance” symptoms.

“A pandemic will have short-term and long-term effects on social determinants of health, change the living conditions of many communities, and change the course of life courses across age groups,” the author writes. I will. “A complete understanding of the health effects of these changes poses difficult but important challenges for future research.”

The US government’s response to the pandemic under former President Donald Trump was also widely seen as failing to promote an unfounded conspiracy theory because the seriousness of the pandemic was too late to be recognized.

The pandemic probably caused the largest decline in life expectancy in the United States since 1945 – Research | US News

Source link The pandemic probably caused the largest decline in life expectancy in the United States since 1945 – Research | US News

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