Archaeologists have recently discovered the impression of Israel’s oldest known seal. This is a device that engraves a pattern on a soft material such as clay or wax to seal an object. According to a new study, the impression of small clay dates back 7,000 years and may have been used to seal and sign deliveries, and to maintain the closure of storage rooms.
The research team discovered seals with nearly 150 others during an archaeological excavation conducted between 2004 and 2007 in the prehistoric village of Telzaf in the Beitchen Valley, Israel. However, while most of the other seals were just unmarked pieces of clay, one had the impression of two different geometric shapes. According to The Jerusalem Post..
After a thorough analysis, archaeologists have identified this object as an impression of the oldest known seal in the area. According to the statementPrior to this discovery, an old seal dating back 8,500 years was found in the area, but no impression of the seal was found.
Prehistoric people used such seals, or “bras,” to sign and seal letters to prevent them from being read by nosy outsiders. However, they were also used to mark shipments and indicate that silos and barns are off limits. The statement, like the letter, reveals that when the barn door is opened, the seal is broken and someone is inside.
“Today, similar types of sealing are still used to prevent tampering and theft,” said Joseph Garfinkel, a senior author and professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in a statement. “It turned out that it was already used by landowners and local managers to protect their property 7,000 years ago,” said Garfinkel, who led the excavation with two students at the time. Told.
Discovered in excellent condition due to the dry climate of the region, ancient seals are less than 0.4 inches wide and bear two different stamps. According to the statement, two different stamp patterns suggest that the seal may have been used in a commercial activity in which the two were involved in the transaction.
Many new seals, such as those found at Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem about 2,600 years ago, include names and sometimes biblical figures. However, since this seal dates back to the pre-writing era, it was instead marked with a geometric shape.
Clay analysis suggested that the seal was not actually made in the prehistoric Bait Shean Valley, but began at least 6 miles (10 kilometers) away. Other discoveries from this site, believed to have been inhabited by wealthy people who have accumulated a large amount of material, indicate that prehistoric people in the area have interacted with distant people.
“There is evidence of contact with people in Mesopotamia, Turkey, Egypt and the Caucasus at this location. [or Caucasus]”Including regions that span Europe and Asia,” Garfinkel said in a statement. “Prehistory reveals evidence of long-distance trade in exotic items like those found anywhere in the Middle East. There is no place for the times. “
The findings were published in the journal on May 18th. Levant..
Originally published in Live Science.
The seal of a 7,000-year-old letter found in Israel implies ancient long-distance trade.
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