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The situation in India after the spread of delta variants

A healthcare worker who saw a beneficiary preparing a shot of corona vaccination at the Vaccination Center in Mandia Marg on July 21, 2021 in New Delhi, India.

Hindustan Times | Hindustan Times | Getty Images

The delta variant was first detected in India last October and COVID-19 In the case of a country.

Since then, highly infectious strains have spread around the world.

This variant robbed the previously predominant alpha variant, first detected in the United Kingdom last fall, causing a wave of further infections in Europe and an ominous trend in the United States.

surely, Delta variants currently account for 83% of all cases sequenced in the United States.Dr. Rochelle Walensky, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said Tuesday that he recorded a dramatic rise from 50% in the week of July 3.

The World Health Organization has already warned that, based on the estimated transmission advantage of delta variants, “it is expected to rapidly outperform other variants and become the major circulatory system in the coming months.”

WHO reported on Wednesday’s latest weekly report that as of July 20, the prevalence of deltas between specimens sequenced in the last four weeks was Australia, Bangladesh, Botswana, China, Denmark, India, Indonesia, Israel, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, UK

WHO map showing the worldwide epidemic of variants

World Health Organization

But what about India, where the delta variant first appeared in October?

According to the data, the situation is still bad, but not as bad as it was when the second wave peaked in the country, with more than 400,000 new cases daily. May 7 India reports a staggering 414,188 new infections And thousands of dead.

It’s lucky that, Since then, the number of cases has decreased significantly.. On Thursday, India reported 41,383 new coronavirus infections and 507 new deaths, the Indian Ministry of Health tweeted.

According to data from Johns Hopkins University and Our World in Data, the 7-day average of 38,548 new daily cases is down 3% from the previous average.

On the other hand, in some parts of Europe and the United States, the rate of change in the number of newly confirmed cases over the last 7 days (compared to the number over the last 7 days) is remarkable.

In France, the rate of change in new cases over the last 7 days is 223%, in Italy 112% and in Germany 50%. In the United States, the rate of change over the last 7 days is 58% higher than in the previous 7 days.

Nevertheless, India has the second highest number of Covid cases recorded in the world after the United States. According to Johns Hopkins dataThere are more than 31.2 million cases and nearly 419,000 deaths.

During the first wave of the pandemic, India entered a national blockade in March 2020, which began to be lifted around June last year with a series of mitigation restrictions over the next summer months. ..

But when a second (and much more difficult) wave struck in early 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi resisted pressure to re-impose the blockade of the country and decided whether to re-enforce the restrictions instead. Responsible for individual states.A member of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisers defended the Modi government under pressure in May and told CNBC. State governments should have final say on social restrictions..

In addition, to address the crisis, India stopped exporting Covid vaccines (creating a domestic version of the AstraZeneca-Oxford University shot called “Covishield”) years.

Public health experts told the Financial Times in late May that there were blockades in the area, reduced social interaction, and increased antibodies to Covid among the general population. Helps reduce infection rates in India.. Vaccination has also helped keep the decline in cases.

Exposure to coronavirus in the second wave is illustrated by the latest data showing the prevalence of antibodies to Covid in the general population.

A national serum survey (known as a serum survey) to test for antibodies was released on Tuesday, showing that two-thirds of India’s population has antibodies to Covid. Reuters reportedApproximately 400 million of India’s 1.36 billion people did not have antibodies, but the study found.

Overseeing one of the world’s largest vaccination drives (India needs to vaccinate about 1 billion adults) is not an easy task and total prevention when compared to other countries in the world The vaccination rate is still sluggish.

Our World in Data figures show that 87.5 million people (about 6.3% of the total population, including children) are fully vaccinated, while 330.2 million are vaccinated at least once. Is being recorded. This means that it lags behind the world average of about 13%. People are completely vaccinated.

together

On Tuesday, Modi expressed concern to a “significant” number of health care workers and frontline workers who have not yet been vaccinated, even though the vaccination program was launched more than six months ago. Did.

In a press statement issued by the government Modi also said when the Prime Minister informed authorities about the situation in Covid in India, “we need to keep an eye on the situation in different countries,” he said. We all need to be together. ” And fight this disease. “

Chandra Kantora Hariya, a New Delhi-based expert in vaccines, public policy and medical systems, told CNBC that India has not yet left the forest.

“The results of the 4th National Serum Survey confirm that many were suspicious. 67.6% of the total population and 62% of unvaccinated people developed antibodies (against Covid). Almost all age groups over 6 years old. There are antibodies in the year, which indicates the extent to which the virus spreads in the second wave, “he says.

“We know that [the] Immunization rates are lower than expected and Covid’s proper behavior is not optimal. Being vigilant is like inviting the next wave early, as the population of 400 million is still vulnerable. India needs to be fully prepared for the waves that follow. What is happening in Indonesia, Vietnam and the United Kingdom is a warning that no country can be vigilant. [that they] We need to do everything in their arsenal. “

“How we correlate in this pandemic,” Lahariya said, with the emergence of some important variants of concern around the world (alpha, beta, delta, etc.) and their widespread adoption. I reconfirmed. “

“This reminds us that the pandemic challenge needs to be seen as one global community. It reminds us that we need all interventions and vaccine availability as our joint responsibility. “Safety” needs to be repeated until it is understood at all levels. “

Lahariya believed that more variants would emerge as the pandemic continued. “We need to prepare for more variants until a pandemic is declared.” No one knows where those variants will appear next.

The situation in India after the spread of delta variants

Source link The situation in India after the spread of delta variants

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