January 2021 World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has released a report on the state of the world deforestation Problems and 24 “Forefront of Deforestation”, or where large areas of forest are under threat. The study concludes that in the last 13 years, 106 million acres (43 million hectares) of forest have been cleared worldwide.
“Nature is free-falling and the climate is dangerously changing. Protecting precious forests like the Amazon is an important part of the solution to this global crisis,” said WWF’s chief executive officer. The person in charge, Tanya Steele, said. Said in a statement..The forest of the earth is the lungs of our planet, inhaling the atmosphere carbon dioxide (CO2) and breathable emissions air.. This CO2 absorption capacity means that forests act as carbon sinks and store CO2 from the atmosphere, reducing the potential negative effects of greenhouse gases on global warming. Since the 1960s, the Earth’s CO2 sinks have absorbed about 25% of CO2 emissions from fossil fuels. According to the BBC.. For example, the Amazon rainforest stores about 1.1-1.3 tonnes (1-1.2 billion metric tonnes) each year. BBC.. CO2 According to WWF
However, deforestation is causing havoc in forests around the world, thanks to growing global populations and increasing demand for resources such as fuel, food and land. For example, in 2020 alone, 30 million acres (12 million hectares) of tropical trees were lost. According to a University of Maryland survey..
Here are just a handful of these “frontiers of deforestation” to show the apparent realization of deforestation around the world.
1. Papua, Indonesia
Indonesia occupies only 1% of the earth’s land, but the rainforests that cover the country’s 18,000 islands are home to 10% of the earth’s plant species. According to NASA.. However, between 2001 and 2020, Papua, also known as West New Guinea, lost about 1.7 million acres (666,000 hectares) of tree cover. This is equivalent to approximately 546 million tonnes (495 million tonnes) of CO2 emissions. According to Global Forest Watch.. The image above shows the vast deforestation around the Digul River in Indonesia. Earth observation satellites Landsat 5 and Landsat 8 took images on November 20, 2002 and November 27, 2019.
2. Borneo, Indonesia
Palm tree plantations represent one of the greatest threats to the center of Borneo, a major part of Indonesia’s still-undamaged forest, covering an area as large as Utah. As an inexpensive source of oil for food and fuel, palm oil is a popular product in Indonesia. However, palm oil also led to a loss of at least 39% of Borneo’s tree cover. According to Reuters.
Over 90% of the world’s palm oil production occurs in Malaysia and Indonesia. According to WWF.. As a result, countless trees were cut down to give way to palm plantations. As those trees fall, so do the wildlife populations they live in. Of course, human activity is not the only threat to Indonesian forests. Wildfires seem to follow as the temperature of the earth continues to rise. Climate Science Special Report: 4th National Climate Assessment, Volume 1 .. In 2019, a wildfire broke out on 3,311 square miles (8,575 square kilometers) of the Borneo jungle, releasing approximately 690 million tonnes (626 million metric tonnes) of carbon dioxide between August and October. I did. According to CNN.
3. Gran Chaco, Argentina
Gran Chaco is the second largest forest in South America and a hotspot for wildlife, home to about 3,400 species of plants, 500 species of birds and about 150 species of mammals. According to WWF.. Approximately 250,000 square miles (650,00 square kilometers) of Gran Chaco has been the target of deforestation for years for agricultural development. Between 2010 and 2018, 11,000 square miles (29,000 square kilometers) of forest were converted to soybean farms and livestock farms. According to NASA.. The image above shows part of the forest in Salta Province, northern Argentina, stripped and replaced with fields.
4. South America-Peru
For the past two decades, Peru’s Amazon rainforest has been one of the most affected areas of the world by deforestation. WWF.. In 2015, 1,100 square miles of Peruvian forests were logged each year, and about 80% of the deforestation was caused by illegal logging. WWF.. In a region of Peru called Madrededios, illegal gold mining has resulted in significant forest loss. Between 2001 and 2020, the Madrededios region lost about 672,000 acres (272,000 hectares) of tree cover. According to the Institute of Engineering Technology.
5. Amazon, Bolivia
Since 2000, Bolivia has lost 9.5% of its tree covering. That’s about 15 million acres (6.1 million hectares) and 2.6 gigatons of CO2 emissions. Global Forest Watch. In Santa Cruz, the largest of Bolivia’s nine constituents, a vast area of tropical arid forests has been logged for agriculture. This composite image, created by combining three images taken by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellite throughout 2019, shows the lowlands of Bolivia that have transformed into an agricultural community since the 1980s. According to NASA.. Each of these radial fields is about 8 square miles (20 square kilometers) in size, with a small settlement in the center of each, including a church, school, and soccer field.
The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest on the planet and is home to 10% of all animal and plant species. The rainforest is part of the Amazon biome, spanning approximately 3 million square miles (6.7 million square kilometers) and spanning eight countries. WWF. Over the last 40 years, more than 18% of the Amazon rainforests found in Brazil have been lost to the same size as California due to logging and agriculture. According to Greenpeace..
The image above shows the amount of deforestation from 2000 to 2019 around some of Brazil’s major highways called BR-163. According to NASA.. Over 1,000 miles (1,700 km) long, the highway connects the rainforest soybean-growing areas of the southern Amazon with a harbor on the edge of the river. According to WWF..
7. East Africa, Madagascar
Forests in eastern Madagascar have been exposed to logging for many years to give way to agricultural development, according to a study published in the journal. Agriculture, ecosystem and environment Since 2000, the country has lost 24% of its tree coverage. According to Global Forest Watch.. One of the main causes of deforestation in Madagascar is slash-and-burn agriculture, also known as shifting cultivation. This deforestation method involves deforesting vast areas of the forest and burning fallen trees. Its purpose is to incorporate tree biomass into the soil, thereby increasing soil fertility for the benefit of crops. According to the Food and Agriculture Ethics Encyclopedia.
The world has serious deforestation problems: these seven images prove it
Source link The world has serious deforestation problems: these seven images prove it