Honolulu, Hawaii 2022-06-28 22:19:00 –
Madrid >> Turkey agreed to lift opposition to NATO membership on Tuesday, summit in Madrid during Europe’s worst security crisis caused by the war in Ukraine Ended the deadlock that had clouded the opening of Ukraine.
After an urgent top-level meeting with the leaders of the three countries, Alliance Secretary-General Jason Stoltenberg said, “We have reached an agreement to pave the way for Finland and Sweden to join NATO.” He called it a “historical decision.”
Among its many devastating consequences, President Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine is increasingly aggressive to Sweden and Finland, abandoning their long-standing misalignment and sharing a long border with Finland. He urged him to apply for NATO as a protection against unpredictable Russia. Under the NATO Treaty, attacks on members are considered attacks on all and trigger a military response by the entire alliance.
NATO is run by consensus, and Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatens to thwart the Nordic pair, claiming to change its position against Kurdish rebel groups that Turkey considers terrorists. Was there.
After weeks of diplomacy and hours of talks on Tuesday, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö said the three leaders had signed a joint agreement to break the log jam.
Turkey said it “gets what it wants,” including “fighting full cooperation …” with rebel groups.
Stortemberg said leaders of the 30-country alliance will issue formal invitations to both countries to join on Wednesday. The decision must be ratified by all countries, but he said he was “absolutely confident” that Finland and Sweden would join. This can happen within a few months.
Sweden’s Prime Minister Magdalena Anderson said the deal was “good for Finland and Sweden.” And that’s good for NATO. “
She said it was “the sooner the better” to complete the membership process.
“But there are 30 parliaments that need to approve this, and you never know,” Anderson told The Associated Press.
Turkey welcomed Tuesday’s agreement as a victory, saying Scandinavian countries have agreed to crack down on groups that Ankara considers a national security threat, including the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and its expansion into Syria. .. He also agreed to impose embargo restrictions on Turkey in the field of defense industry and to take “concrete measures for extradition of terrorist criminals.”
Turkey has demanded that Finland and Sweden lift the personal surrender and arms restrictions imposed after Turkey’s military invasion of northeastern Syria in 2019.
Next, Turkey agreed to “support the invitation of Finland and Sweden to NATO member states at the 2022 Madrid Summit.”
The details of the agreement were unknown. “I’m worried that Sweden hasn’t revealed the promise it made to Prime Minister Erdogan,” said Amineh Kakabave, an independent Kurdish member of parliament and government-backed majority of parliament.
Anderson rejected the proposal that Sweden and Finland admitted too much.
When asked if the Swedish people would see the deal as a concession on issues such as the delivery of Kurdish militants that Ankara considers to be terrorists, Anderson said, “They understand that this helps Sweden’s security. Would be. “
US President Joe Biden congratulated the three countries for taking an “important step.”
In speculation about the US’s role in ending the deadlock, senior government officials said Washington did not offer concessions to convince Turkey to accept the deal. However, officials said the United States played an important role in helping the parties get closer, and Biden talked Tuesday morning to encourage talks with Prime Minister Erdogan at the request of Sweden and Finland.
The agreement came at the opening of an important summit in which Russia’s invasion of Ukraine dominates, which will set the direction for the alliance over the next few years. The summit kicked off with a leader’s dinner hosted by Felipe VI of Spain at the Royal Palace of Madrid in the 18th century.
The most important agenda of the Wednesday and Thursday meetings is to strengthen defense against Russia and support Ukraine.
The February 24 invasion of Moscow shook Europe’s security and returned city artillery and bloody ground battles to the continent. NATO, which began to focus on terrorism and other non-state threats, had to confront its hostile Russia again.
Mr. Biden said NATO “has united and flourished as we think we have ever done.”
The Russian missile strike on Monday at a shopping mall in the city of Kremenchuk in central Ukraine was a reminder of the horror of the war. As a message from Moscow, a group of seven leaders met in Germany, and some saw the timing just before the NATO rally.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, who will address NATO leaders in a video on Wednesday, called the strike at the mall a “terrorist act.”
Mayor Vitali Klitschko of Kieu visited Madrid to urge the alliance to provide his country with “whatever it needs” to stop the war.
“Get up, everyone. This is happening now. You’ll be coming next, this will knock your door in a blink of an eye,” Klitschko told reporters at the summit.
Stoltenberg said the conference would draw a blueprint for the alliance “in a more dangerous and unpredictable world,” which meant “more investment in defense.” Said. Only nine of NATO’s 30 members have achieved the organization’s goal of spending 2% of GDP on defense. Spain, which hosts the summit, spends only half of that.
Stoltenberg said on Monday that NATO’s allies agreed to increase the strength of the alliance’s swift reaction to an army of 40,000 to 300,000 almost eight times at the summit. The army is based in its home country, but is dedicated to certain countries on the eastern side of NATO where the Alliance plans to increase its inventory of equipment and ammunition.
On the surface, there is tension within NATO about how the war will end and, if any, what Ukraine should make concessions to end the war.
There are also differences in how difficult it is to undertake China with NATO’s new strategic concept (a set of priorities and goals once every 10 years). The last document, published in 2010, did not mention China at all.
The new concept is expected to demonstrate NATO’s approach to issues from cybersecurity to climate change, as well as China’s growing economic and military reach, and the growing importance and power of the Indo-Pacific region. For the first time, leaders of Japan, Australia, South Korea and New Zealand will attend the summit as guests.
Some European members are wary of the tough US line in Beijing and do not want China to be cast as an adversary.
In strategic terms, NATO is set to declare Russia its greatest threat.
Russia’s national space agency, Roscosmos, will open the summit by publishing satellite images of government headquarters in the White House, the Department of Defense, London, Paris and Berlin and the coordinates of the Madrid conference hall where it is held. I marked it.
Authorities said NATO was set to declare Russia an enemy at the summit, adding that it had released accurate coordinates “just in case.”
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