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Two new laws restrict the use of police DNA search methods

In another case, the detective may secretly collect the DNA of the suspect’s relatives by inspecting the objects that the suspect’s relatives dumped in the trash.

New Maryland law requires police to first obtain written consent when examining the DNA of “third parties” (people other than suspects) unless the judge approves the fraudulent collection It is stipulated that there is.

Investigators cannot use the genetic information collected from suspects or third parties to determine a person’s psychological characteristics or predisposition to illness. At the end of the study, all genetic and genealogical records created for the study should be deleted from the database.

And perhaps most importantly, Maryland investigators interested in genetic ancestry must first test their luck with a government-run DNA database called Codis. The profiles in this database use far fewer genetic markers.

Halls said this part of the law could have tragic consequences. In older cases, he pointed out that DNA evidence is often very degraded and fragile, and that every DNA test consumes some of its valuable sample. “In essence, the law could kill me in my proceedings,” he said. Also, given the speed of evolution of DNA technology, the law mandates the use of certain types of tests. Is unwise, he added.

But the potential for privacy breaches is much more serious in the genealogy that gives law enforcement access to hundreds of thousands of genetic markers than in Codis, which uses only about two dozen markers. Experts say this provision is important.

These searches are “just like the government looks at all your medical and all family records and just identifies you,” said Rhea, a genealogist who runs a consulting business in the San Francisco Bay Area.・ Larkin states. About helping adopted children and others find their biological relatives. “I don’t think people fully understand how much your genetic data contains.”

Two new laws restrict the use of police DNA search methods

Source link Two new laws restrict the use of police DNA search methods

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