Honolulu, Hawaii 2021-09-20 12:47:00 –
UN >> Warning of the possibility of a new Cold War, the President of the UN General Assembly said to China and the United States that it would “fully function” before the problems between the two big and influential countries spread further to other regions. He called for a repair of the “defective” relationship. planet.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres spoke to the Associated Press this weekend prior to this week’s annual gathering of UN global leaders. COVID-19 (New Coronavirus Infection), Climate concerns and global controversy.
Guteres said the two major economies of the world will cooperate with the climate and negotiate more strongly on trade and technology, even as political rifts on human rights, economy, online security and sovereignty in the South China Sea continue. Said it should be.
“Unfortunately, there are only conflicts today,” Guterres said in an AP interview on Saturday.
“We need to rebuild the functional relationship between the two powers,” he said, “others that cannot be solved without vaccination issues, climate change issues, and constructive relationships within the international community. Essential for tackling many of the global challenges of the community and primarily among superpowers. “
Two years ago, Guterres warned world leaders about the risk of the world splitting in two. The United States and China have created rival internet, currency, trade, financial rules, and “unique zero-sum geopolitical and military strategies.”
He repeated the warning in an AP interview, adding that the geopolitical and military strategies of the two rivals would pose a “danger” and divide the world. Therefore, he said the founder’s relationship had to be restored — and soon.
“We absolutely need to avoid the Cold War, which is probably more dangerous and more difficult to manage, unlike the past,” Guterres said.
The so-called Cold War between the Soviet Union and its East Block allies and the United States and its Western allies began shortly after World War II and ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It was a clash of two nuclear weapons. Superpowers with rival idealism—communism and authoritarianism on the one hand, capitalism and democracy on the other.
The UN chief said the new Cold War could be more dangerous as the Soviet and US opposition created clear rules and both were aware of the risks of nuclear destruction. He said it created backchannels and forums “to ensure that things didn’t get out of control.”
“Now everything is more fluid and even the experience that existed in the past to manage the crisis is no longer there,” Guterres said.
He said the US-UK agreement to provide a nuclear submarine to Australia and allow it to operate undetected in Asia is “just part of a more complex puzzle, and this completely between China and the United States. It’s a dysfunctional relationship. “
The secretly negotiated deal has offended China and France, which have signed contracts with Australia for at least $ 66 billion worth of French conventional diesel electric submarines.
In an extensive AP interview, the Secretary-General also addressed three key issues that world leaders will face this week: a deteriorating climate crisis, an ever-increasing pandemic, and a new Taliban ruler. The uncertain future of Afghanistan below. They came to power on August 15, without the government fighting US-trained troops, as the US military was in the final stages of withdrawing from the country 20 years later.
What role will the United Nations play in the new Afghanistan? Guterres believes that UN involvement “suddenly creates an inclusive government, guarantees that all human rights are respected, guarantees that there are no terrorists in Afghanistan, and that drug trafficking will occur.” Was called “fantasy”. stop. “
After all, the United States and many other countries have thousands of soldiers in Afghanistan, spending trillions of dollars, unable to solve their country’s problems, and some say they have made it worse.
The United Nations has “limited capacity and limited leverage”, which plays an important role in leading efforts to provide humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan. He said the United Nations is also paying particular attention to the Taliban’s importance of inclusive governments that respect the human rights of women and girls.
“There is a clear power struggle within the various groups of the Taliban leadership. The situation has not yet been clarified,” he said, adding that it is another reason for the international community to engage with the Taliban.
Former US President Donald Trump has endorsed the “America First” policy, while President Joe Biden, who first appears as Chief Executive Officer at a high-level meeting at the General Assembly on Tuesday, renews US commitment to multilateral institutions. confirmed.
Biden’s commitment to global action on climate, including Trump’s re-enrollment in the 2015 Paris Agreement, was “probably the most important of all,” Guterres said.
He said that under Biden there is a “totally different environment in relations” between the United Nations and the United States. But Guterres said, “I have done everything and am proud of maintaining a functional relationship with the United States in the past administration.”
Guterres also lamented that countries could work together to tackle global warming and ensure that people in all countries were vaccinated.
Regarding the COVID-19 struggle over the past year, he said: “We have not made any real progress in effectively coordinating our global efforts.”
And about climate: “A year ago we saw a clearer move in the right direction, and that move has slowed recently, so if we don’t have a disaster, we’ll accelerate again. is needed.”
Guterres said that 80% of the population of his native Portugal is vaccinated, while in many African countries less than 2% of the population is “totally unacceptable”. rice field.
“It’s completely stupid in terms of defeating the virus, but if the virus continues to spread like a wildfire in the Global North and Global South, more mutations will occur,” he said. “And we know that mutations make it more contagious and more dangerous.”
He again urged the 20 major economies of the world in the G20, who failed to take united action against COVID-19 in early 2020, to develop the terms of a global immunization program. He said such plans would need to connect vaccine-producing countries with international financial institutions and pharmaceutical companies to double production and ensure fair distribution.
“I think this is possible,” Guterres said. “It depends on political will.”
The Secretary-General said rich developed countries spend about 20% of their GDP on recovery issues, middle-income countries spend about 6%, and least developed countries spend 2% of their small GDP. He says it has created frustration and distrust in some developing countries that have not received vaccines or recovery assistance.
The division between developed and developing countries in the north is “extremely dangerous to world security,” Guteres said, “and very much to the ability to unite the world to combat climate change.” It is dangerous to. “
U.N. chief warns China, U.S. to avoid Cold War Source link U.N. chief warns China, U.S. to avoid Cold War