Honolulu, Hawaii 2020-10-18 05:58:00 –
Iran, Tehran >> Despite opposition from the United States, a decade-long UN weapon that banned the purchase of foreign weapons such as tanks and fighters, as Iran planned under a nuclear agreement with world powers. The ban expired on Sunday.
Iran, in theory, bought weapons to upgrade military weapons dating back to the pre-Iranian Revolution of 1979, claiming that it had no plans to “buy”, and sold its own locally produced equipment abroad. Can be sold to. But in reality, Iran’s economy remains crippled by widespread US sanctions, and other countries may avoid arms trade with Tehran for fear of US financial retaliation.
The Islamic republic has announced the end of the arms embargo “an important day for the international community … contrary to the efforts of the US administration.” Meanwhile, the Trump administration claimed to have reintroduced all UN sanctions on Iran through the provisions of the nuclear deal withdrawn in 2018. This claim has been ignored in other parts of the world.
“Today’s normalization of defense cooperation with the world of Iran is a victory for the cause of multilateralism and peace and security in our region,” Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Jabadzarif wrote on Twitter.
The United Nations banned Iran from purchasing major foreign weapons systems in 2010 amid tensions over its nuclear program. Previous embargoes targeted Iran’s arms exports.
In 2019, the US Defense Intelligence Agency predicted that Iran would buy Russian Su-30 fighters, Yak-130 trainers, and T-90 tanks if the embargo ended. Tehran may also seek to purchase Russia’s S-400 anti-aircraft missile system and its Bastian coastal defense missile system, DIA said. China was also able to sell Iranian weapons.
Iran has long outperformed US-backed Gulf nations such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which have purchased billions of dollars in advanced US weapons. In response, Tehran turned to the development of locally made ballistic missiles.
Iran has blown up the Gulf Arab purchase of US-made defense equipment as a “unfortunately lucrative weapons trade” with some of the weapons used in the ongoing war in Yemen. The conflict causes Iran-backed rebels to fall into a Saudi-led coalition that supports the country’s internationally recognized government.
However, the UN arms embargo did not prevent Iran from sending weapons ranging from assault rifles to ballistic missiles to the Houthi rebels in Yemen. Western governments and weapons experts have repeatedly linked Iran’s weapons to rebels while Tehran denied the Houthis’s armament.
Six Gulf Arab countries, which supported the extension of the arms embargo, referred to arms shipments to Yemen in opposition to the resumption of arms sales to Iran. They also stated in a letter to the UN Security Council that Iran accidentally shot down a Ukrainian airliner in January and that the Navy accidentally killed 19 sailors in a missile attack during an exercise. It was. The United Nations also linked Iran to a 2019 attack on a major oil refinery in Saudi Arabia, but Tehran denied any ties and the Yemeni rebel Houthi claimed responsibility.
Sunday also marked the end of the UN travel ban on members of the Revolutionary Guard Corps of many Iranian and paramilitary organizations.
Tensions between Iran and the United States reached a frenzy early in the year when an American drone killed Iran’s top general in Bagdad. Tehran retaliated in a ballistic missile attack on Iraqi US troops that injured dozens of people. Meanwhile, Iran steadily broke the limits of the nuclear deal in an attempt to put pressure on Europe by saving the deal.
Both sides’ provocations have slowed as President Donald Trump has faced a re-election campaign against former Vice President Joe Biden in recent months. Biden said he was ready to provide Iran with a “trustworthy path to diplomacy” if Tehran returned to “strict compliance” with the agreement.