USA

US border anxiety is record high and there is a new immigration trend: NPR

This May 4 photo, provided by the US Border Guard, shows that authorities are supporting the processing and recording of personal belongings from immigrants entering the Central Processing Center in El Paso, Texas.

AP


Hide captions

Switch captions

AP

This May 4 photo, provided by the US Border Guard, shows that authorities are supporting the processing and recording of personal belongings from immigrants entering the Central Processing Center in El Paso, Texas.

AP

Recorded by border guards Anxiety about nearly 1.7 million immigrants At the southern border over the past year — the highest number ever, surpassing the record set over 20 years ago.

However, that does not mean that it is the maximum number of individual immigrants illegally crossed from Mexico to the United States in a year.

In fact, it’s probably not even close.

That’s because the flow of immigrants has changed dramatically since 20 years ago. Millions of people He succeeded in illegally passing to the United States without being caught. It was also due to a public health order adopted in response to the pandemic, which repeatedly traversed thousands of migrants, boosting the number of recent years.

Still, the 1,659,206 concerns recorded by border guards in just the end of the fiscal year are unprecedented. recent years.. It also puts a strain on the Immigration Bureau and the border community — and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection when Biden’s candidate, Tucson Police Chief Chris Magnus, faces an important vote in the Senate. Raises difficult questions to lead.

The nature of the transition has changed

In 2000, when previous records of border guard arrests were set, the flow of immigrants at the southern border looked very different.

For one thing, immigration bureaus are far less likely to cross national borders.According to the Department of Homeland Security Own quoteThere were nearly 4 million illegal border crossings that year, and the majority of those migrants were not caught.Made by the border guard 1,643,679 Anxiety at the southern border, while an estimated 2 million migrants fled that year.

At that time, the demographics of migrants arrested by border guards were also very different. 98% or more I was from Mexico. They were mostly single men, trying to evade border guards and sneak into the United States to find a job.

Today, a much larger proportion of migrants are families and children who want to leave themselves to the border guard to apply for asylum and other protection. By 2021, about 40% will come from Central American countries, mainly Guatemala and Honduras, and the proportion will come from South America, the Caribbean and Africa.

Immigration Bureau says The number of known “escapes” is increasing Also, after a sharp decrease since 2000. CBP has not released official estimates for 2021. But even 1000 per day, even the estimates provided by government officials in the spring, will still have a much smaller total number of “escapes” per year. The highest level 20 years ago.

“I’ve never seen anything as terrible as it is now”

A record number of concerns have been sacrificed Border community — And about morale within the border guard.

“I’ve never seen anything worse than it is now,” said Brandon Judd, chairman of the union, which represents border guard agents. In an interview, Judd said agents were spending hours processing paperwork for migrants who were allowed to seek asylum in the country.And it distracts smugglers from trying to stop bringing drugs and other smuggled goods into the United States.

“We just don’t have the human resources and resources to do what we need to detect and understand everything that crosses borders,” he said.

Immigration authorities are rapidly expelling the majority of migrants under controversial public health orders. Title 42. Despite growing opposition from migrant advocates that the Biden administration is endangering migrants by forcing them to places like Haiti and the border towns of Mexico, during this Trump era We are continuing our policy. Many families are traveling together.

Title 42 has the potential to have other unintended consequences. Make the border crossing number look larger than it really is.

Immigrants will be released from the control of the US Border Guard at the Humanitarian Center in Del Rio, Texas, on Wednesday, September 22nd.

Julio Cortez / AP


Hide captions

Switch captions

Julio Cortez / AP

Immigrants will be released from the control of the US Border Guard at the Humanitarian Center in Del Rio, Texas, on Wednesday, September 22nd.

Julio Cortez / AP

Expulsion based on Title 42 results in lower results and leads to more repeated crossings

There are no penalties for the expulsion of migrants under Title 42. They are just removed from the country without a formal mark on their records. As a result, many migrants are to cross over and over again in hopes of avoiding border guards.

“This year, the rate of repeated crossings has skyrocketed,” said Jessica Bolter, a policy analyst at the Independent Immigration Policy Institute. “”

This means that thousands of migrants have been counted multiple times in the total number of border guard arrests last year.

“If the border guard arrested one person three times in the same year, it would count as three encounters,” Bolter explained in an interview.

Homeland Security officials say that some recidivism rates per year 38% high — This means that the number of individual migrants arrested across borders last year is likely to be closer to 1 million than 1.7 million.

Due to the high recidivism rate in 2000, the Immigration Bureau began to impose new penalties for repeated cross-border people. Bolter believes that the Biden administration should now consider something similar.

“At this point, Title 42 isn’t working well as a deterrent,” she said. “And it also blocks access to protection,” for thousands of migrants who may have valid asylum claims.

Candidates leading CBP answer difficult questions about how to handle security

However, the Biden administration does not seem to have a ready-to-use alternative.

so Confirmation hearing This week, Chris Magnus, the White House’s choice to lead the Customs and Border Protection, faced tough questions from the Senate Finance Committee.

Oklahoma Republican Senator James Lankford asked, “You are stepping into a chaotic situation with the most illegal intersections in the history of our country.” “What is your plan?”

In response, Magnus told Senator that he would try to strike a balance between border security and the humane treatment of migrants.

“I don’t agree with you about the sheer number,” Magnus said. “But the point is, first and foremost, we need to enforce the law. Second, we need a humane and efficient process.”

The Commission has not yet voted for Magnus’ nomination.

US border anxiety is record high and there is a new immigration trend: NPR

Source link US border anxiety is record high and there is a new immigration trend: NPR

Back to top button