‘Vaccine’ chosen as the 2021 word of the year by Merriam-Webster – Wichita, Kansas

Wichita, Kansas 2021-11-29 09:12:15 –

New York (AP) —In an extended definition to reflect the times, Merriam-Webster proclaimed the ubiquitous truth of the year 2021: Vaccines.

“This was a very high word in the 2021 daily data,” Merriam-Webster editor Peter Sokolovsky told The Associated Press prior to Monday’s announcement.

“It actually represents two different stories. One is the science story. This is the amazing speed at which vaccines were developed. But there are also discussions about policy, politics, and political parties. It’s one word to tell two huge stories, “he said.

Selected following “vax” as this year’s word from those who publish the Oxford English Dictionary. And that’s after Merriam-Webster chose “pandemic” as the top search on online sites last year.

“The pandemic was that the gun fired, and now we have sequelae,” Sokolovsky said.

At Merriam-Webster Search for “vaccine” After months of speculation and debate about rapid development and efficacy, it increased by 601% compared to 2020, when the first US shot was administered in New York in December. The world’s first jab occurred in the UK at the beginning of the month.

Compared to 2019, when there was little urgency or chatter about vaccines, Merriam-Webster recorded a 1,048% increase in lookups this year. The debate over unfair distribution, mandatory vaccines, and booster immunity continued to be of great interest, according to Sokolovsky. Vaccine hesitation and friction against vaccine passports was similar.

The word “vaccine” was not born in a day or was due to a single pandemic. The first known usage dates back to 1882, but fluid-related references from the cowpox pustules used for inoculation previously popped up, Sokolowski said. It is borrowed from the new Latin “vaccine,” which dates back to the Latin feminine “vaccine,” meaning “bovine or from cattle.” According to Merriam-Webster, the Latin word for cow is “vacca”, which may be similar to the Sanskrit word “vasa”.

Inoculation, on the other hand, dates back to 1714 and, in a sense, refers to the act of injecting an “inoculation”.

Earlier this year, Merriam-Webster added to the online entry for “Vaccines” to cover all topics of mRNA vaccines, or messenger vaccines such as Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna developed by COVID-19.

While other dictionary companies choose this year’s words by the Commission, Merriam-Webster chooses based on lookup data and is meticulous about spikes and, more recently, year-over-year increases in searches after removing evergreens. I’m paying attention. The company has declared this year’s ward since 2008. He is one of the runner-ups in 2021 Word Biology.

Riot: Interest is Deadly January 6 Siege of US Capitol.. Arrests continue, as did Congress’s hearing on attacks by supporters of President Donald Trump. Some of Trump’s allies, including Steve Bannon, resisted the subpoena.

According to Sokolowksi, the number of searches for this word has increased by 61,000% compared to 2020.

infrastructure: President Joe Biden was able to realize what Trump often said, but never achieved: A Bipartisan infrastructure bill signs bill.. When Biden proposed support for broadband access, long-term care, and preschool education, Sokolovsky said conversations changed from “figurative infrastructure” as well as roads and bridges.

“If many people aren’t made of steel or concrete, what is infrastructure? In Latin, infrastructure means under the structure,” he said.

Perseverance: It’s the name NASA’s latest Mars rover.. It landed on February 18, 2021. “Patience is the most sophisticated rover NASA has ever sent to the Red Planet, a name that embodies our country’s ability to overcome and overcome NASA’s passion and challenges,” said the space agency. Told.

The name was invented by Alexander Mother, a 14-year-old 7th grade student at Lake Braddock Secondary School in Burke, Virginia. He participated in an essay contest hosted by NASA. He was one of the 28,000 kindergarten to high school students who submitted their entries.

Nomad: This word came to that moment when the movie “Nomadland” was released in 2020.It continued Won three Oscars including Best Picture Award in April 2021, Director (Chloe Zhao), Actress (Frances McDormand). Zhao became the first female of color to win the Best Director Award.

AP filmmaker Jake Coil called the success of the indies “a frank meditation on loneliness, sadness, and gravel.” He wrote that it “struck a chord in the year of the pandemic.” It has become an unlikely Oscar champion. A movie about people drawn to the margins has become the main character. “

Other words in the top 10 of Merriam-Webster: Cicada (there was an intrusion), guardian (ClevelandIndians became ClevelandGuardians), meta (the lofty new name of Facebook’s parent company), cisgender (corresponding to your gender) Gender Identity) Assigned at birth), Awakened (accused of politics and political correctness) and Muraya (Winned 2021 Scripps National Spelling Bee for Tropical Trees and 14-year-old Zyra Avantgarde) Words).

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