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What is an abortion? | Live Science

Abortion is an early termination of pregnancy, which can occur spontaneously, as in the case of miscarriage, or when pregnancy ends by medical or surgical means.In these latter cases, the method of abortion is Pregnancy stageAmong other factors.

How is abortion triggered?

Dr. Deborah Powell, a professor of experimental medicine and pathology at the University of Minnesota, has several ways to induce an abortion, depending on how advanced the pregnancy is and whether the pregnancy is inside or outside the uterus.Members of the National Academy of Reproductive Health Services: Assessing the Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States

According to Powell, most abortions occur early in pregnancy, within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, or shortly thereafter.

The abortion drug Mifepristone, also known as RU486, was filmed at an abortion clinic in Auckland, New Zealand. (Image credit: Phil Walter / Getty Images)

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Method is as follows. 2018 report The safety of abortion care in the United States, written by the National Academies of Reproductive Health Services Committee:

  • Drug abortion, or “medical” abortion: This method is FDA approved for pregnancies up to 10 weeks gestation and includes two medications taken at 24-48 hour intervals. The first pill is mifepristone, which blocks the production of progesterone, an important hormone for maintaining pregnancy. The second pill is misoprostol, which induces uterine contractions that empty the uterus. (Note that in some cases misoprostol may be prescribed alone. World Health Organization (Opens in a new tab)WHO.
  • Suction miscarriage (also known as surgical miscarriage, suction curettage, or dilation and curettage (D & C)): Suction is the most common method of abortion used in the United States, accounting for about 68% of abortions in 2013 and can be used up to 16 weeks gestation. This procedure dilates the cervix to allow a hollow curette or tube to be inserted into the uterus. At the other end of the tube, use a handheld syringe or electrical device to aspirate and empty the uterus. The procedure usually takes less than 10 minutes.
  • Expansion and Evacuation (D & E): This type of miscarriage usually occurs 14 weeks after gestation and involves dilation of the cervix followed by suction and / or forceps drainage of the uterus.
  • Induced miscarriage (also known as “medical” miscarriage): This method involves the use of drugs to induce labor and childbirth. The most effective regimen is to use high doses of the same medications used for abortions in early pregnancy, mifepristone and misoprostol.

Is abortion safe?

What is an abortion? | Live Science

Source link What is an abortion? | Live Science

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