The 120-mile long man-made canal, known as the Suez Canal, has been a potential flash point for geopolitical conflicts since it opened in 1869. Canals, an important international transit route, are now in the news for another reason.A mile-long Japanese-owned container ship on the way from China to Europe Grounded on the canal for several daysBlock more than 100 vessels and send a tremor to the world of maritime commerce.
Here are some basics about the history of canals, how they operate, how ships get stuck, and what they mean.
Where is the Suez Canal?
The canal is located in Egypt and connects to the Indian Ocean via Port Said in the Mediterranean Sea and Suez, a city in southern Egypt in the Red Sea. This aisle allows for more direct transportation between Europe and Asia, eliminating the need to travel around Africa and reducing voyage times by days or weeks.
Who and when did you build the Suez Canal?
Originally owned by a French investor, the canal was conceived in the mid-19th century when Egypt was under the control of the Ottoman Empire.Construction began at the end of Portside in early 1859, excavation took 10 years, and the project Estimated 1.5 million workers..
according to Suez Canal Authority, Every 10 months, 20,000 farmers were drafted by the Egyptian government agency, which operates the waterways, to build the project with “unbearably uncompensated labor.” Many workers died of cholera and other illnesses.
Egypt’s political turmoil against British and French colonial forces slowed the progress of the canal, with final costs about twice the originally predicted $ 50 million.
Which country currently controls the canal?
British forces that ruled the canal during the first two World Wars withdrew the canal in 1956 after years of negotiations with Egypt, effectively empowering the Egyptian government under President Gamal Abdelnacell. Abandoned.
What was the “Suez Crisis” that almost led to the war?
The crisis began in 1956, when the Egyptian president nationalized the canal after Britain left. He took other steps considered a security threat by Israel and its western allies, leading to military intervention by the Israeli, British and French troops.
The crisis temporarily closed the canal, increasing the risk of involving the Soviet Union and the United States. It ended in early 1957 under an agreement under the supervision of the United Nations. The first ever peacekeeping force in the region.. The result was considered a victory for Egyptian nationalism, but its legacy was the undercurrent of the Cold War.
Suez crisis It was also the theme of Season 2 and Episode 1 of “The Crown”. The Netflix series was acclaimed for British royalty because Anthony Eden, then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was arguing over how to respond.
Has the canal been closed since then?
Egypt closed the canal for almost a decade after the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, when waterways were essentially the forefront between Israeli and Egyptian troops. The 15 freighters that became known as the “Yellow Fleet” were trapped in the canal until they were trapped in the canal. Reopened in 1975 According to Anwar El Sadat, the successor to Mr. Nacelle.
Since then, the canal has been closed due to the grounding of several accidental vessels. Most notable was the three-day outage in 2004, when Russian oil tankers ran ashore until this week.
Was the Suez Canal designed to handle huge ships that touched down?
Evergiven, a beach boat operated by ever green The shipping company is one of the largest container ships in the world, about the same length as the Empire State Building.
The canal was originally designed to handle much smaller vessels, but its waterways have been expanded and deepened several times. It cost more than $ 8 billion recently six years ago.
What led to the ship’s ground contact, and what’s happening about it now?
Poor visibility and strong winds that made Evergiven’s stacked containers behave like sails are believed to have taken it off course and led to its ground contact.
Salvagers have tried various remedies, such as pulling on a tugboat, dredging under the hull, and using a front-end loader to excavate the eastern embankment where the bow is clogged. However, the size and weight of the ship, 200,000 tonnes, was frustrating the rescuers as of Thursday night.
Some marine salvage experts say that if a tugboat or dredger fails, nature can succeed. Seasonal high tides on Sunday or Monday add a depth of approximately 18 inches to the canal and could possibly lift the ship.
What is the impact if Ever Gived stays stuck?
It depends on how long the canal, which is believed to handle about 10 percent of the world’s maritime commercial traffic, is closed. TradeWinds, a news publication in the maritime industry, said it could take a week or more for the unprocessed portion to clear as more than 100 vessels are waiting to cross the canal. ..
Long-term closures can be very expensive for shipowners waiting to cross the canal. Some people may decide to reduce losses and reroute vessels around Africa.
Evergiven owners are already facing the cost of millions of dollars in insurance claims and emergency rescue services.Egyptian government received $ 5.61 billion in revenue from 2020 canal tollsAlso, I am very interested in resurfaced Evergiven and reopening the waterways.
What you need to know about the Suez Canal — and how the ship got stuck there
Source link What you need to know about the Suez Canal — and how the ship got stuck there