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What’s the future of legal abortion in Georgia? – Atlanta, Georgia

Atlanta, Georgia 2021-12-03 12:15:42 –

Demonstrators will rally in support of female reproductive rights at the Georgia State Capitol on October 2, 2021.

Photo by Megan Burner / Getty Images

When Governor Brian Kemp signed the Georgia “Fetal Heartbeat” bill in May 2019, it was the strictest abortion restriction in the United States.Blocked for years due to violations Roe v. WadeThe 1973 US Supreme Court ruling confirmed the constitutional right to abortion.

But now, the future egg It is uncertain in itself. The Mississippi ban on most abortions after the 15th week of pregnancy awaits a high-impact ruling from the conservative US Supreme Court. And under the so-called “bounty hunter” law in Texas enacted in 2021, anti-abortionists in Georgia are considering a similar model at home.

Meanwhile, Georgia providers perform more than 30,000 abortions each year. The threats to national abortion access can mean the following in the state:

What about Georgia’s “heartbeat” bill?
In response to proceedings on behalf of abortion providers and supporters, federal judges blocked the enforcement of the law and urged Governor Kemp to appeal. Controversial legislation aims to ban most abortions once fetal cardiac activity is detected (usually about 6 weeks), giving the fetal “personality” status when it reaches that stage. To do. Medical professionals, including the president of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, call “heartbeat” framing misleading because it is actually a group of cells with electrical activity.

In September, the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals heard oral arguments in this case, but a committee of three judges supported Brock rather than making a ruling, and the Supreme Court in the Mississippi case. I chose to wait for the decision. Dobbs vs. Jackson Women’s Health Organization.. That decision expected this summer has the potential to reshape the reproductive landscape across the country.

why Dobbs Change things?
There are many possible consequences, including capsizing Roe v. Wade..Even without the explicit dismantling of words egg, Judges may weaken that provision, for example, by modifying how well abortion is protected (egg Currently, abortion is allowed up to “viability”. This is a slightly slippery benchmark that is generally fixed about 24 weeks after conception).

Georgia law is different from Mississippi law, Dobbs I don’t know right away here. However, the Guttmacher Institute, which is tracking abortion laws nationwide, has set up Georgia. egg..

What about Texas law?
Meanwhile, Georgian Republicans are considering modeling new abortion restrictions in a Texas style. There, GOP lawmakers drafted a bill on behalf of citizens to enforce an abortion ban in exchange for a bounty of at least $ 10,000. The anti-abortion activists here are stuck in Georgia because its legal workaround aims to achieve the same goal as the Georgia Heartbeat Act, a ban on abortion after six weeks. In the meantime, we want the homemade version of the Texas bill to act as a “temporary” measure. In court. However, Texas law faces so many legal challenges that the fate of bounty style restrictions remains unclear.

What about access to abortion in Georgia? egg Will it be turned over?
“These laws do not prevent women from having a abortion,” said Dr. Lauren McIver Thompson, an assistant professor at Kennesaw State University and a faculty researcher at Georgia State University’s Center for Law, Health and Society. Says. Especially for low-income earners, it only becomes difficult to obtain. Thompson foresaw a return to a historic system of mutual aid, such as Jane, an underground abortion network born in Chicago in the 1960s. Georgians who can afford them will seek out-of-state abortions, but abortion drugs (which can be used for up to about 10 weeks) provide an affordable alternative. Thompson explains: “I think abortion will increase significantly when the drug is mailed. It’s already happening.”

Is there a future for legal abortion in Georgia? Roe v. Wade??
probably. A few states that support the right to abortion have passed legislation that protects access to procedures, and more will do so in the absence of federal protection of Roe. A few people, including Kansas and Iowa, have even established the right to abortion due to the state’s constitution. This is a long shot in Georgia, with both the legislature and the Supreme Court leaning conservatively, but major demographic changes could change political calculations in the coming years.

At the federal level, some scholars say that equal rights amendments (a long-stagnation constitutional amendment that bans gender and gender discrimination, which is appetizing to be ratified by Congress) have access to abortion. We believe it may provide a different framework for. An increasingly hostile judiciary department. ERA “will provide a much more supportive and comprehensive framework for fighting for reproductive rights,” Thompson said.

This article appeared in the January 2022 issue.

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